Presentation on theme: "Joseph William Mallord Turner (1775-1851) Northern International University, The English Language Department, 2005. All rights reserved."— Presentation transcript:
Joseph William Mallord Turner ( ) Northern International University, The English Language Department, All rights reserved.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 2 Joseph Mallord William Turner British, Turner was born on Maiden Lane in Covent Garden, London, in 1775 (the actual day is uncertain, but Turner maintained it was Saint George's Day, 23 April), the only son of William Turner and Mary Marshall. His mother, who was mentally unstable, was committed to Bethlem asylum for the insane in 1800, and died in During his only sister's fatal illness (she died in 1786) Turner was sent to live with his mother's brother in Brentford and attended Brentford Free School; this was his only formal education. His early artistic talent was encouraged by his father, who exhibited his drawings in his shop window (the father remained a devoted supporter and, later, was his son's studio assistant and general factotum until his death in 1829). In 1789, the year of his first extant sketchbook from nature, Turner entered the Royal Academy Schools, also working at about this time in the studio of the architectural draftsman and topographer Thomas Malton. He exhibited his first watercolor at the Royal Academy in 1790 and his first oil in 1796; thereafter he exhibited nearly every year until a year before his death. He stayed with his father's friend, John Narraway, in Bristol in 1791, and from then on until the end of the Napoleonic Wars made frequent summer sketching tours in various parts of Britain. In 1794 he published his first two engravings, and in 1798 began drawings for The Oxford Almanack. Probably beginning in 1794 he worked for three years at Dr. Monro's evening "academy" in the company of Thomas Girtin, Edward Dayes, and others. Turner's precocity led to his election as an Associate of the Royal Academy in 1799, and to full Academicianship in He revered the Academy all his life, was assiduous as a member of the council and hanging committee and as auditor of the accounts, and was proud to be appointed its professor of perspective in 1807, from 1811 until 1828 giving lectures that ranged widely over the problems of landscape painting. He moved from Maiden Lane to lodgings on Harley Street in 1799, opening his own gallery in contiguous premises on Queen Anne Street in 1804; this he enlarged between 1819 and In 1805 he took a house at Isleworth, keeping a second home on the riverside at intervals for the rest of his life (Upper Mall, Hammersmith, from 1806 to 1811; Sandycombe Lodge, Twickenham, from 1813 to about 1825; Cheyne Walk, from about 1846 onward). Turner made his first journey abroad in 1802, traveling through France to Switzerland, and studying in the Louvre on his return. In 1817 he visited the Low Countries and subsequently traveled more frequently on the Continent (until 1845), less frequently in the British Isles (until 1831). Between 1819 and 1820 he paid his first visit to Italy, staying principally in Venice and Rome; he revisited Venice in 1833, 1835 (probably), and He worked continuously for the publishers of illustrated books; his illustrations appeared at intervals between 1827 and Turner made his reputation as a topographical watercolorist, sketching from nature, mainly in pencil, the sketches serving as a repository of ideas of which he might make use months or even years afterward. He was determined to raise landscape painting to the level of ideal art, closer in the hierarchy of genres to history painting, and he experimented first in watercolor then in oils with many new techniques. For some twenty years, from about 1798, he maintained a liaison with Sarah Danby, with whom he had two daughters, but he never married. In old age, following the death of his father and close friends, he became increasingly pessimistic and morose, allowed the house and picture gallery on Queen Anne Street to become dilapidated, and finally lived largely in his cottage on Cheyne Walk, cared for by his housekeeper, Mrs. Booth. There he died on 19 December He was buried in Saint Paul's Cathedral, London. [This is an edited version of the artist's biography published, or to be published, in the NGA Systematic Catalogue]
Joseph William Mallord Turner 3 Fishermen at Sea 1696 Tate Gallery. London
Joseph William Mallord Turner 4 Chapel 1796
Joseph William Mallord Turner 5 Self-portrait ab. 1798
Joseph William Mallord Turner 6 Jezioro Buttermere 1798
Joseph William Mallord Turner 7 Windsor castle from the Meadow ab. 1807
Joseph William Mallord Turner 8 Snow Storm: Hannibal and His Army Crossing the Alps Tate Gallery, London.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 9 Vesuvius 1817 Birkenhead, Williamson Art Gallery and Museum.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 10 Venice Sunrise 1819
Joseph William Mallord Turner 11 Arundal Castle, with Rainbow 1824 British Museum, London.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 12 Mortlake Terrace National gallery of Art, New York.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 13 Alnwick castle,Northumberland National Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 14 Chichester Canal 1828 Tate Gallery, London
Joseph William Mallord Turner 15 Bedroom ab
Joseph William Mallord Turner 16 Music Room
Joseph William Mallord Turner 17 Staffa, Fingal’s Cave Yale Centre for British Art, New Heaven.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 18 Durham Cathedral 1835 Reproduced by kind permision of National gallery of Scotland
Joseph William Mallord Turner 19 Venice Sunset 1835
Joseph William Mallord Turner 20 The Grand Canal in Venice 1835 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 21 Fire in Parliament 1835
Joseph William Mallord Turner 22 Keelmen Heaving in Coals by Moonlight National gallery of Art, New York.
23 W. Turner at Exhibition Opening Day 1836
Joseph William Mallord Turner 24 Flint Castle 1838 Private collection, Japan.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 25 Ocean Fish drawing 1839
Joseph William Mallord Turner 26 Mountain Pink 1840
Joseph William Mallord Turner 27 Light and Colour (Goethe’s Theory) - the Morning after the Deluge – Moses Writing the Book of Genesis Tate Gallery, London.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 28 The Evening of the Deluge National gallery of Art, New York.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 29 The Lake of Zug New York.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 30 The Doganna and Santa Maria della Salute. Venice National gallery of Art, New York.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 31 Rain, Steam, and Speed. The Great Western Railway The National Gallery of London.
Joseph William Mallord Turner 32 Try and answer the following questions: Why do some pieces have two names, like “Light and Colour, Cannibal… ? Why is “Light and Colour” in the first place, and the object indication itself is in the second? Compare the pieces “Venice Sunrise” (10) and “Venice Sunset” (19), “The Morning after the Deluge” (27) and “The Evening of the Deluge” (28). Why are the paintings often indistinct? What emotions are produced in the works and by what means? Could you distinguish Turner’s brush from Constable’s? How? What can you say of the subject matters of the two painters? Which canvas did you like best? Why? restart escape