Presentation on theme: "The most famous Italian masks. Arlecchino Although the character was born in province of Bergamo, its name comes from the French medieval tradition: Harlequin,"— Presentation transcript:
The most famous Italian masks
Arlecchino Although the character was born in province of Bergamo, its name comes from the French medieval tradition: Harlequin, either Herlequin or Hellequin, is a devil conducting other devils in the popular mysteries of the 11 th century. He is eccentric, easygoing, clever but also extremely stubborn. He wears a garment made of colored rags with a belt, wide and comfortable pants, a hat with a rabbit tail or a feather and a black mask on the eyes.The feather is a symbol of fertility and the rabbit is a symbol of cunning. Hung up to his belt he carries baòcio, the stick used to blend the mush, that he uses as a sword. He embodies the longshoreman, the porter, the bootlicker, the good servant, simple in the manners and in the head, that combines woe and that is always hungry. He is a buffoon whose character comes from the clown of the early Comedy of Art, from whom he inherited the natural inclination to woe.
Balanzone Balanzone, or rather Doctor Balanzone, was born in Bologna, and ows his name to the balanza, the scales, the symbol of justice that reigns in tribunals. The Doctor is usually represented like a man of law, who knows and gives opinions about everything. His monologues on philosophy, science, medicine, and law are full of Latin quotations and odd reasonings and are always uttered in a strong bolognese accent. He wears black pants and a black shirt trimmed with a white collar and a black hat. He always carries a dagger or a handkerchief to the belt and a heavy and big book under his arm. He embodies the burlesque of the presumptuous graduate and pedant. It’s no accident that he comes from Bologna, home to Europe’s oldest university as well as cultural capital in the 16 th century.
Brighella Brighella is a trickster and a chatterbox. Insolent with the submitted and unbearably obsequious with the owners. He is the cook, the waiter, the head servant Brighella from Bergamo. He is cunning and shrewd. His typical outfit is a "livery", showing that he is a servant belonging to his master, wide pants and a green-edged white jacket, a white coat with two green strips, a cap and a mask on his face. And it’s with this uniform that he puts pressure on the simple servants.
Colombina Venetian maid, is the fiancée of Arlecchino, even if he does not seem willing to marry her. Its name seems to come from the interpretations of the ' actress Isabella Franchini, that dressed the clothes of the maid under arm themselves two doves. Dove puts on a headphone, a green vest tight in life, with a deep neckline and spacious sleeves to I puff, the skirt curled to lines and raised on the in front from a tape of I shave red, a white apron and tramps white to point with red tape. And' of secure the most well-known between the maids, young and sharp, from the easy and malicious word, capable to resolve with skill the situations more complicated.
Meneghino Milan, we meet the witty Milanese (diminutive of Domeneghin) unmistakable with its three-cornered hat and the wig with pigtail to the Frenchman. Dressed with a long brown jacket, short pants and stockings to red lines and bleaches, still today it is protagonist of the milanese carnivals. it iembodies a servant king but of common sense that, longing of to maintain its freedom, does not flee when should line up itself to the flank of its people. Generous and quick, it is capable in the to mock the lacks of the aristocratic. "Domenighin" was the nickname of the servant, that the Sunday accompanied the milanese noblewomen to put or to walk. During the revolt of Five Days of Milan in 1848 it was chosen from the milanese as symbol of heroism.
Pantalone It is from Venice. Pantaloon is a good-natured and full character of humanity, although its I continue to rumble. And' called the Magnificent one and is an old and rich merchant that has a big lack: is extremely stingy and is usual to get ready lunches with an only fourth one of sequin. The name Pantaloon derives from "Cried Lion", how came defined those who, with the excuse of to gain new lands for Venice, dealt with to plant itself the flag of San I Mark on every piece of land that found. It puts on a cap, jacket and red tights, with slippers and black coat.
Rugantino Its name derives without doubt from "rugare" that is to rumble, to rumble. The Roman Rugantino represents the "Roman young tough", arranged to take them until to stay stunned simply of to have the last word. "Better it loses a friend than good a answered" is a of its sentences preferred. To the beginnings of its career it is seen dressed it like a policeman, or head of the guards, always ready to arrest some innocent person to show the actual force, litigious and inconclusive. With time it will stop the military apparel and, dressed civil cloths, will blunt its character negative to take on a lazier character and good-natured that the interpreter will do of it of a Rome popular rich of feelings of solidarity and justice. It puts on pants, gilet and red jacket, wears shoes with large buckles and door a hat to two points.
Pulcinella Pulcinella, from Naples,is ugly and clumsy, with a large hooked nose ; he is only interested in wine, scams and women. It is a popular character. talkative, smart and he is the personification of idleness. Pulcinella was always hungry and thirsty; his f avourite food is macaroni with sauce.
CARNIVAL COOKING TRADITIONS
The food at Carnival is famous because it is energetic and for the enormous amount of fats it contains. In the past many parties used to be organised to give the idea of abunadance and wealth
The reasons were substantially two: The end of the winter was approached, ringraziavano of in order not being until that moment remained victims of the hunger or of the cold, to March the job in the fields would be begun and it could therefore, full loads of hopes for the summer and with the conscience to place, to put hand to the last winter supplyes. The Christian quaresimale fast lasted forty days and, also in cold climates, the methods of conservation of the alimentary commodities were not, good enough to conserve them.
CHIACCHIERE This is perhaps “ the simplest food.It can have different names : in Friuli they are called Grostoli, in Emilia Sfrappole, Veneto Galani, the Marches Frappe, Cenci in Tuscany, Chiacchiere in Campania. They are prepared with marsala, or wine,
ZEPPOLE two varieties: without filling and with filling of pasticciera cream.
GALANI Another cake, typical of Carnival but of more ancient origins are (in veneziano) the GALANI, called also chiacchere, crostoli or lattughe. They date back to the times of the Roman, which, during the spring Festivity, were used to prepare, with the same paste with which the lasagne are made