Presentation on theme: "POLAND Poland is a parliamentary republic with the capital Warsaw. The most important artists in history have been Fryederyk Chopin and Krzysztof Penderecki."— Presentation transcript:
Poland is a parliamentary republic with the capital Warsaw. The most important artists in history have been Fryederyk Chopin and Krzysztof Penderecki.
The most important composer of story of Poland is Fryderyk Chopin. He principally composed romantic music and he is remembered “poet of piano”. Chopin was born in Żelazowa Wola, a village of Sochaczew, a rural town located a few kilometers from Warsaw, the 22 February 1810 in a family devoted to music, infact his father played the flute and the violin, his mother sang and also the sisters played. After the Russian Repression he moved to France. For 10 years he linked to writer George Sand. He died in 1849 at the age of 39 years. Chopin composed almost exclusively for solo piano, but the catalog of his works also include two concertos for piano and orchestra
Important are the Nocturns. For the realization of these works, Chopin was inspired by compositions that adapted easily to his nature typically dreamy and romantic. At first he drew his inspiration from the works of Irish John Field, but unlike these, composed to express his innermost feelings, rather than pander to the public.
The compositions of Chopin are the triumph of singing, beautiful sound and expression Compared with Field, Chopin's Nocturnes have the peculiarity of being divided into several thematic sections contrasting are juxtaposed various expressions of moods (sweet, soft, dreamy, but even violent) and also a more refined embellishments now that blend seamlessly with the melody. A recurring theme is the spirit of Polish
The fact that Chopin has published almost all of Nocturns compounds (18 of 21), as this indicates generally unable congenial. Chopin avoided in fact to publish works that do not completely convinced him or that they were not deserving, from his point of view, to enter the collection.
* Krzystof Eugeniusz Penderecki is a Polish composer and conductor. He was born in Dębica on 23 November 1933. When he was eighteen entered to the conservatory of Cracovia. In 1958 he was nominated professor. During the competition of Warszaw he won all the prizes available. As a result Penderecki earned a reputation with a greater audience with the first execution of ''Passion according to St. Luke'' in the Cathedral of Munster. He has also taught at Yale University in the USA * 1973 to 1978.
* Penderecki has been called Poland's greatest living composer. The Polish conductor also made compositions for two famous films: ''The Exorcist'' and ''Shining''. In this compositions we can see that the climate of tension and suspense increases, thanks to its shrill characters.
* Juliusz Slowacki was born in Kremenets. He was a major figure in the Polish Romantic period and the father of modern Polish drama. He obtained his studies in Wilno, where his father was a professor of Polish language at the local University.
* From early age was strongly influenced by the poetry of Lord Byron and Shakespeare. His early works draw to historical episodes with a particular taste for the exotic and the oriental world. Then he moved to Warsaw where he obtained a post as clerk and he had the opportunity to attend in person to the fact of the Polish insurrection of November 1830-31. These events greatly influenced his artistic creativity giving it a stronger nationalist tone. Later he went on the diplomatic mission to London and then he moved to Paris following other political dissidents in the Polish Great emigration
* He also lived in Switzerland and he made a trip to Italy, Greece, Egypt the Holy land an Lebanon. Of his early works directed exclusively to historical topics and exotic are romances in verse such as: The Monaco, The Arab and the Viper. Then there are the masterpiece of Slowacki's dramas: Kordian and Horseztynzki which representing different times irredentism, blend elements of a realistic chronicle the poetic symbolism of Romance.
* In 1841 came the first songs of Beniovski rhyming in a eight, a controversy with people of different Polish political emigration in Paris. Following the meeting with Towianski deepened the inclination of Slowacki to the mysticis. In the end he wrote the great poem storiosofico “the king spirit”. He died in Paris in 1849.
* PHOTO OF OPOLE FESTIVAL * Today Poland has a very active music scene, with the jazz and metal genres being particularly popular among the contemporary populace. Polish jazz musicians such as Krzysztof Komeda, created a unique style, which was most famous in 1960s and 1970s and continues to be popular to this day. Since the fall of Communism, Poland has become a major venue for large-scale music festivals, chief among which are the Open'er Festival, Opole Festival and Sopot Festival.