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11 CRYOPLASMA IN HELIUM INDUCED BY CORONA DISCHARGE N. Bonifaci, F. Aitken, G2Elab Grenoble, France V Atrazhev, Joint Institute for High Temperatures,

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Presentation on theme: "11 CRYOPLASMA IN HELIUM INDUCED BY CORONA DISCHARGE N. Bonifaci, F. Aitken, G2Elab Grenoble, France V Atrazhev, Joint Institute for High Temperatures,"— Presentation transcript:

1 11 CRYOPLASMA IN HELIUM INDUCED BY CORONA DISCHARGE N. Bonifaci, F. Aitken, G2Elab Grenoble, France V Atrazhev, Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russia V.A. Shakhatov, Topchiev of Petrochemical Synthesis Institute, Russia J. Eloranta Department of Chemistry,California State University, USA K. von Haeften, Leicester University, Leicester, UK G Vermeulen, Institut Néel Grenoble, France

2 2 Discharges in dense fluids (liquids or high-pressure gases :1-100 bar) Motivation 2 Filamentary Streamers in Liquid N 2 This process in dense fluids is very complex that involves - electronic phenomena : electron injection, electron impact, excitation and ionization - thermal phenomena: phase change - hydrodynamic phenomena : formation of pressures waves, propagation of discharge channel. Modeling

3 3 Cryoplasma in Helium 3 Discharge model in liquid model µ-dischargeLiquefied Helium Condensed 4 He Interaction of atoms He*, molecules He 2, and e - with helium in various thermodynamic phases and states Gas liquid 300k4.2k nanoscopic probes

4 44 Corona discharge in dense helium Liquide Light emission Transport zone : E ~ kV/cm µ e and µ+ Ionization zone : E p ~ MV/cm Densities of the plasma particles (N e and N p ), Temperature, etc 4 Crucial importance for the modelling of plasmas produced by electric discharges I ~ µA, DC V ~ kV Applied power : mW gap distance~mm R p ~ µm Gas pressure ~ bar CCD Camera picture

5 55 Electronic mobility N tr  cm -3 e - bubble Transition 5 Electrons in condensed 4 He e - repulses surrounding atoms He Repulsive interaction Free e- Electron bubbles are formed by excess electrons in condensed He

6 6 Optical Spectroscopic Investigation Discharge in helium supercritical at 300 K and 150 K Discharge in helium liquid at K In helium supercritical T<12K He* lines, He 2 * excimers, Impurities N 2 *, N 2 +,H*, O*, OH Continuum emission ( nm) He* lines, He 2 *

7 7 Kinetic temperature of Discharge at 300K Rovibrational spectra of molecules T rotational =300K-320k ≈ T k He 2 P=1-20bar P=1-5 bar (P=1-20Bar) Cold plasmaTkTk

8 8 At 300K Hydrogen line : Electron density Ne The lorentzian width of the H  profile is ascribed to stark broadening N e ~ cm -3 He I : Stark Broadening He I  stark =0,08-0,2nm Hydrogen H   nm w w Stark width

9 9 At 300K Analysis of atomic He line nm “Blue” wing Blue satellites Main line disappears P

10 10 Results for He line 706 nm ( 3 S- 3 P) at 300K N p = cm 3 P= 16 bar N p = cm 3 P=10 bar N p = cm 3 P= 20 bar Comparison between experiment and theory N p ≈ N perturber density N ALLARD, et al EPL 88 (2009) N ALLARD, et al EPJ D 61 (2011)

11 11 Ionization zone Transport zone 11 N Plasma ~ N N e  cm -3 T kinetic ~ K N T= 300 K N plasma and T kinetic at T = 300 K Discharge in helium gas at 300 K

12 12 Discharge in liquid helium at 4.2 K Discrepancy between the rotational temperature of He 2 (d 3  u + -b 3  g ) and He 2 (D 1  u + - B 1  g ) Tkinetic He 2 (d 3  u + -b 3  g ) He 2 (D 1  u + - B 1  g ) T r =700K T r =220K

13 13 Discharge in liquid helium at 4.2 K Shape of Line 706 nm in Liquid He at 4.2K. Strongly Blueshifted Gas 300 K 706 nm line ( 3 S- 3 P) observed in liquid helium symmetrical Gaussian profile Gas 150 K

14 14 New Autocorrelation function liquid helium is the liquid density in the electronic ground state around 3s calculated using Bosonic Density Functional Theory DFT He*(3s) Ab initio potentials of the excited state He(3 3 S)-He In Analogy to electron bubble Repulsion between excited atom (Rydberg e - ) and surrounding atoms in the ground state forms bubble Atomic bubble He* fluorescence lines originate from outside the discharge region Bulk helium

15 15 Liquid density around He*(3s) Bubble Radius R b depends on applied pressure P. Liquid density around 3s 3 S excited state calculated using Density Functional Theory (DFT) 1 bar 6 bar 16 bar LHe 3s 35 bar Empty cavity around excited atom (radiator). Bulk liquid

16 nm He* line ( 3 S- 3 P) Experimental (continuous) vs theoretical (dashed) w th ≈w exp e - +He ->He*+e - +heat the increased local temperature 3s Electron impact excitation « Local heating »

17 17 Shape of Line 706 nm in Fluid He at 11 K. Fixed temperatures 11 K, different pressures, the increasing density. the line has symmetrical Gaussian profile with shift and width dependent on Pressure

18 300K 150 K K the same slopes at 4.2 and 11 K Line shift Empty cavity around excited atom (radiator).

19 19 Conclusions Discharge in helium gas at 300 K Discharge in helium at 4.2 K-T= 11K N Plasma ~ N N e  cm -3 Tkinetic~ K He line 706,5nm Large blue shift Gaussian Line Shape The line profile have been interpreted in terms of « bubble model » over extended temperature range He* fluorescence lines originate from outside the discharge region inhomogeneous structure He Line nm Small blue shift

20 20 CRYOPLASMA IN HELIUM INDUCED BY CORONA DISCHARGE Thank you !


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