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Towards Cleaner Fuel in Indonesia Ridwan D. Tamin Assistant Deputy for Mobile Source Emission Pollution Control Deputy Minister for Environment Pollution.

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Presentation on theme: "Towards Cleaner Fuel in Indonesia Ridwan D. Tamin Assistant Deputy for Mobile Source Emission Pollution Control Deputy Minister for Environment Pollution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Towards Cleaner Fuel in Indonesia Ridwan D. Tamin Assistant Deputy for Mobile Source Emission Pollution Control Deputy Minister for Environment Pollution Control Ministry of Environment Manila, 22 May 2006

2 Presidential Decree No. 5 Year 2006 on National Energy Policy  establish security of energy supply  energy elasticity <1 by 2025  optimal primary energy mix by 2025 for national consumption: oil 30%, coal>33%, biofuel>5%, geothermal>5%, other renewable energies>5%, liquified coal>2%  Energy blueprint: domestic security of supply, public service obligations (PSO), mgmt of energy resources  Stages in pricing policy  incentives

3 Gasoline & Diesel Consumption in Indonesia 0 5,000,000 10,000,000 15,000,000 20,000,000 25,000,000 30,000, Year kL Gasoline (kL) Diesel (kL)

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6 Euro 2 emission standards for type approval Vehicle Emission Standards/Technology

7 MoE Decree No. 141 Year 2003: Euro 2 Emission Standards Petrol Light Duty and Diesel light Duty (GVW<3.5 ton ; Category : M1 Year Enforce to New Model Enforce to Existing Model Diesel Heavy Duty (GVW>3.5 ton ; Category : M2,M3,N2,N3,O3, & O4) Idle ECE (Euro-2) Enforce to Existing Model Year Enforce to New Model ECE (Euro-2) Idle (Euro-4) 2015 ECE (Euro-2)

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13 Cleaner Fuels Unleaded gasoline Diesel with low sulfur Alternative Fuels: CNG, BIOFUEL

14 Cleaner Fuel Plan  Unleaded gasoline to be introduced in phased in Bali, Batam Island, Surabaya and Semarang before 2005, nationally 2005  Open up private sector to provide unleaded gasoline.  Use of additives as gasoline octane booster taking into account health, environment automotive industries views;  Increased use of natural gas for transportation to reduce gasoline market demand Reality  Nationwide 30% unleaded  Downstream regulation recently announced (Govt. Regulation No. 36/2004)  Requires ERA, at present only preliminary studies carried out  Draft Presidential Instruction (Decree) already submitted by MoEMR through stakeholders study by MoE. Jakarta already use CNG for busway

15 Unleaded Gasoline July 2001 : Greater Jakarta Oct 2001 : Cirebon Jan 2003 : Bali June 2003: Batam Sept 2005: Surabaya

16 Unleaded Gasoline in Indonesia MBCD

17 Unleaded Gasoline Fuel Availability CITIES WITH ULG PREMIUM, ULG PERTAMAX AND ULG PERTAMAX PLUS. CITIES WITH LEADED PREMIUM, ULG PERTAMAX AND ULG PERTAMAX PLUS. CITIES WITH LEADED PREMIUM. JAKARTA BATAM BALI ACEH MEDAN PADANG BENGKULU LAMPUNG PEKANBARU BANDUNG YOGYAKARTA SEMARANG PONTIANAK LOMBOK UJUNGPANDANG BANJARMASIN MENADO AMBON SORONG KUPANG MERAUKE PALANGKARAYA JAMBI PALEMBANG SAMARINDA PALU KENDARI SURABAYA

18 Diesel Fuel Availability CITIES WITH SULFUR CONTENT < 3500 PPM. CITIES WITH SULFUR CONTENT < THAN 1000 PPM. CITIES WITH SULFUR CONTENT < 500 PPM. JAKARTA BATAM BALI ACEH MEDAN PADANG BENGKULU LAMPUNG PEKANBARU BANDUNG YOGYAKARTA SEMARANG PONTIANAK LOMBOK UJUNGPANDANG BANJARMASIN MENADO AMBON SORONG KUPANG MERAUKE PALANGKARAYA JAMBI PALEMBANG SAMARINDA PALU KENDARI SURABAYA

19 Further developments:  Open up private sector to provide cleaner fuel (unleaded gasoline and clean diesel)  Draft Presidential Instruction on gas usage submitted in Oct 2005  Request to Mo State Coys to reduce automotive gas price from Rp.3000/ Premium Eq. Lt. (PEL) to Rp. 2200/PEL  Jakarta introduced CNG for Jakarta busway, recently launched by President  Jakarta to introduce three wheelers with CNG, initially 180

20 Clean Fuel Availability and Future Plan (Gaikindo, May 2006) PT. Krida Petra Graha RETAIL FUEL COMPANIES PT. Petronas Niaga Indonesia PT. Pandu Selaras PT. Elnusa Petrofin PT. Elnusa Harapan PT. Raven Sejahtera PT. Sigma Rancang Perdana Shell Singapore Petronas Gulf Petroleum P’CIPAL GASOLINEDIESEL Pertamina DEX (CEN = 53 ; S max=300ppm) ULG Super (RON : 92 ) ULG Super Extra (RON : 95 ) LG Prima 92 (RON : 92 ) ULG Primas PX2 (RON : 95 ) ULG Petrol Super 95 ULG Petrol 92. D-Xtra (CN=53 ; S. max.300ppm) FUEL PUMP STATION PT. Conoco Phillips Indonesia Conoco Phillips ULG Pertamax (RON:92 ) ULG Pertamax Plus (RON:95 ) Unleaded Gasoline Super 97 PT. Premindo Mitra Kencana ULG Race Power 91 ULG Super Power 98 Singapore Until 2006Until 2010 Jakarta (18) Jakarta (6) Jakarta (12) Jakarta (10) Jakarta (2) PT. Duta Karya Industry Singapore ULG Race Power 91 ULG Super Power 95 Jakarta (5) Java (300) Java (200) Java (390) Java (100) Java (10) Java (60) Pertamina PRODUCT NAME Available Fuel in the Market

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22 Trans Jakarta Busway Plan up to 2010 with CNG

23 Biofuel Development Resources and production: the case of Jatropa Curcas Specification and standards Technology: automotive issue, biofuel (abundant source) vs. hybrid (reduced fuel consumption) Pricing policy and incentives: vs existing subsidy on diesel fuel Distribution mechanism Socialization and communication

24 Presidential Instruction No.1/2006 on the Supply and Usage of Biofuel as Alternative Fuel  Coordinating Minister for Economics mandated to coordinate acceleration for the supply and utilization of biofuel  12 ministeries, governors and regents/city mayors to execute specific related measures

25 Trial Biodiesel

26 Biofuel Biodiesel  Biodiesel Riau Pilot Plant, capacity 8 ton/day  Estimate biodiesel need in year 2010 If 2% of diesel fuel use biofuel~ kl  Will require ~ 25 plants w/ capacity of ton/day Alternative Fuel PERTAMINA recently introduced Biosolar into the market

27 The need for a Clean Air Act ? Dominant source The Path Ahead

28  Manage and develop on-line AQMS  Bigger role of MoE in fuel quality and promotion of alternative fuel for motor vehicles  Integration of emission standard requirement to annual vehicle registration  Promotion of mass rapid transport  Increased public awareness and participation on various alternative mode of transportation in urban areas health effects of air pollution use of environmentally “green” vehicles

29 Proposed new Indonesia Clean Air Act: address stationary and mobile sources, air quality, transboundary air pollution (haze), climate change, acid rain, ODS issues Coordination meeting with multi stakeholders Justification on needs of Clean Air Act, 5-7 July 2006 Academic draft Revision of Environment Act No. 23 Year 1997

30 Institutional Capacity  MoE to enlarge its mandate and be more instrumental in facilitating enforcement through local government  Environmental institutions in local government to be empowered based on the autonomy law No. 32 Year 2004  MoE instrumental in the establishment of a multi-stakeholders forum (MEB, Clean Emission Partnership) to address issues on air pollutions  Draft of national action plan (NAP) to reduce air pollution from vehicles  Development of National Action Plan and local Strategic Action Plan by ADB

31 BAQ 2006 speed up the process?

32 Better Air Quality (BAQ) 2006 Yogyakarta 13–15 September, 2006 “A CELEBRATION OF EFFORTS” to pay tribute to what has been achieved in air quality management in Asia while highlighting the efforts that are still required to improve air quality in Asia

33 BAQ 2006 hosted by Sustainable Urban Mobility in Asia A CAI-Asia Program 20 March 2006

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