23 Types of Social Class Military Clergy Nobility Knight Squire Prioress (nun and three priests)MonkFriarParson
3Social Class (con’t) Laity Landowners Professionals Laborers Stewards FranklinProfessionalsClerk, Man of law, Guildsmen, Physician (doctor), Shipman (skipper)LaborersCook and PlowmanStewardsMiller, Manciple and ReeveChurch officersSummoner and Pardoner
4Knight Most noble of all of the pilgrims He has military strength ChivalricPoliteGenerousLoyal
5Squire Son of the knight Apprentice – knight in training He has fought before in battles, but he is devoted to loveStrong, beautiful, curly-haired young manWell-dressed in clothes with flowers on it.Desires the attention of a ladyHe enjoys playing the flute, writing, and riding.He is a dutiful son and cuts his dad’s meat.
6Yeoman Freeborn Servant Wears green from head to toe Carries a large bow and feathered arrowsHe also has a sword and shieldHe is a forrester (knows how to get around the forest).
7Prioress Madame Eglentyne She is not part of the formal court but tries to act like she does.She eats daintily (reaches for food daintily and delicately)She speaks French, but with an English accentShe is compassionate towards animals (she cries when she sees a mouse trapped in a trap).Feeds her dogs: roasted meat and milk– odd for this time, food was scarce.She has an enormous forehead- this is beautiful for the time.She wears prayer beads on her arm which hang from a gold brooch with the words “love conquers All”.Another nun and 3 priests accompany her.
8The Monk Very handsome Loves hunting Keeps horses Outrider– Looks after the monastery’s business with the external world).His horse’s bridal can be heard jingling in the wind (like a church bell).He knows that he isn’t supposed to hunt (as per the church), but he thinks that is ridiculous and dismisses those rules.He is fat, bald, and well-dressed.
9Friar A member of a religious order who lives by begging. Friar is jovial, pleasure-loving, well-spoken, and socially agreeable.He hears confessions and gives easy penances for people who donate to the church.He is popular with wealthy landowners.He is all about the people who “help him”. He is liked by innkeepers and barmaids (food and drink).
10Merchant Tastefully attired (nice boots, fur hat) He is a salesman He borrows money, but is in debtThe narrator doesn’t know his name
11Oxford Clerk A thinker Threadbare Student of philosophy at Oxford Loves books
12Serjeant of Law He was very revered in the group Lawyer who is well spoken, and writes well.He knows his case law by heart. He is often appointed by the king as a judge in the court.He is wealthy and buys a lot of land (he owns it free and clear with no loans).
13Franklin white=-bearded Wealthy gentleman farmer Possesses a lot of land, but wasn’t born of nobility.He has a preoccupation for food (he has plenty).
14Guildsman Artisans--tradesmen Dressed in uniform of their guild. The narrator likes their shiny attire. He thinks they are fit to be city officials
15Cook Chaucer feels he is skillful at his profession. But Chaucer the cook has an ulcer that is put into the food (puss) and therefore, Chaucer can’t eat the food.
16Shipman (Skipper) Wears a dagger on a cord around his neck. When he is on his ship he steals wine from the merchant (that is what he transports).
17Doctor He practices but he is into astronomy He has a good set up with apothecaries because they work together to make each other money.He is aware of modern and ancient medicine information, but isn’t involved in the religion part of the Middle ages.He is frugal– Chaucer jokes that his favorite medicine is Gold (getting paid).
18Wife of Bath Seamstress Always the first to offering at Mass. She gets upset if someone goes in front of her.She has had five husbands and 3 pilgrimages to Jerusalem.She has also been Rome, Cologne, and other pilgrimage sites.Her teeth have gaps between themShe is jolly and talkative. She gives good love advice because of her experience.
19Parson Gentle Poor villager Pure of conscience Truly believes in ChristHe enjoys preaching and instructing parishionersHe hates excommunicating those who cannot pay their tithes.He walks with a cane and visits all of the parishoners no matter how far they live.He is dedicated to his parish and doesn’t look for a promotion within the church.He is even kind to sinners and tries to teach by example instead of scorn.
20Plowman Works hard Loves God and his neighbor Labors “for Christ’s sake”Pays his tithes on time
21Miller Red Hair Makes crude and bawdy jokes Drinks Is is stout and strong. He lifts doors off their hinges.He has a wart on his nose with bright red hairs sticking out of it like bristles.He has a mouth like a furnace.He wears a sword and buckeler, and loves to joke and tell dirty stories.
22MancipleHe is the administrative assistant of the Inn of Court (school of law).He is uneducated, but is very smart common sense wise.
23Reeve He is long, tall, and thin Has short hair (reminds the narrator of a priest).He manages his lord’s estate so well that he is able to hoard his own money and property from the lord.He is a good carpenter, and always rides behind everyone else.
24Summoner Arraigns those accused of violating Church law. When drunk he speaks a few Latin phrases he knows.His face is bright red from an unspecified disease.He is corrupt—he uses his power for his own gain.He uses his power with the young women and tries to have sex with them in his area of jurisdiction.For example- for a quart of wine, he would let another man sleep with his girlfriend for a year and then not charge him with a crime.
25Pardoner He was just in the court of Rome. Rides with the Summoner. He has long blond hairHe sings while he rides.He thinks he rides very fashionable (nothing covering his head).He brought a lot of souvenirs from his trip in Rome.The narrator compares his voice to a goat because it is so high pitched (alluding to the fact that he may be homosexual).He is disrespectful to the poor (and tries to get money for his own gain).The pardoner is a good preacher, storyteller, and singer.
26Host He is a corrupt figure – named Bailey The group stayed with the host.He was a beautiful manHe had bright eyes and a large manHe had bold speech patternsHe was jovial friendlyShrewd businessmanAfter he takes their money, he flatters them to make them forget how much money the just gave him.The word quiet means repay– it is a motif throughout the tales—each characters put in a sort of debt by the previous character’s tale, and must repay him or her with a new tale.
277 Deadly Sinswrathgreedslothpridelust,envy,Gluttony -- Franklin