Presentation on theme: "River Civilizations and Other civilizations of Southwest Asia"— Presentation transcript:
1 River Civilizations and Other civilizations of Southwest Asia
2 Ancient River Valley Civilizations During the New Stone Age, permanent settlements appearedin River Valleys and around the Fertile Crescent.River Valleys provided:Rich soil for crops andProtection from invasionSource:
3 These early civilizations existed between 3500-500 BC The first civilization was Sumer in Mesopotamia, which means “Land between two rivers”Situated between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.
4 First Rulers were Priests Political:Economic:Religious:Social:Intellectual:Achievements:Geography:City StatesFirst Rulers were PriestsMesopotamia/SumerAgriculture, Trade with EgyptPolytheisticZigguratsPriests importantSlavery not based on raceCuneiform or wedge-shapedwriting based on pictogramsInvented the wheel, sail and plowEuphrates and Tigris Rivers flow into Persian Gulf, Zagros Mountainsprovide protection
5 The second civilization to develop was Egypt along the Nile River.
6 Unified- One government in which Pharaohs = Gods, hereditary rule Egypt Nile River ValleyPolitical:Economic:Religious:Social:Intellectual:Achievements:Geography:Unified- One government in which Pharaohs = Gods, hereditary ruleAgriculture, Trade with Mesopotamia & KushGold is important!Polytheistic – A wonderful life after deathMummification, pyramidsPriests at topSlavery not based on raceHieroglyphics – picture based writingPapyrus, math, engineering, the Pyramidsand a 365 day calendarThe Nile – the longest river in the world. Deserts provide protection
7 The Third River Civilization was the Indus River Valley civilization in India
8 strong centralized gov’t Indus River ValleyPolitical:Economic:Religious:Social:Intellectual:Achievements:Geography:strong centralized gov’tTraded with SumerHinduismFew social class differencesWriting has never beenDeciphered so little is knownIndoor Plumbing…remember the toilets?Indus River, Hindu Kush Mountains, Himalayasprovided protection, Indian subcontinent
9 The Fourth River Valley Civilization was The Huang He River civilization in China Source:
10 Mandate of Heaven, Dynasties Beginning with Shang Dynasty China – Huang He River CivMandate of Heaven, DynastiesBeginning with Shang DynastyPolitical:Economic:Religious:Social:Intellectual:Achievements:Geography:Agriculture- no trade outside of ChinaAncestor Worship – Oracle bones used to communicate with ancestorsDivided between Nobles and PeasantsFamily very importantWriting based on picturesChariot, Silk, Bronze weaponsDevelopment of IronGobi and Taklamakan Deserts provided protectionHuang He River was “Yellow” because windblown Loess was yellow