Presentation on theme: "Internationalizing higher education in Africa: Funding versus Impact James Otieno Jowi Executive Director African Network for Internationalization of Education."— Presentation transcript:
Internationalizing higher education in Africa: Funding versus Impact James Otieno Jowi Executive Director African Network for Internationalization of Education (ANIE) CIMO Conference 3rd -4 th May 2012, Helsinki Finland
Africa & the Knowledge society Worlds 2 nd largest continent At the peri pheri of the Knowledge society Developing -Home to 32 of worlds 38 HIPC countries Faces numerous challenges- poverty, low literacy rates, gender disparities 50% of countries may not attain universal PE by 2015 Gross Enrolment in HE is 5% Accounts for 1.5 % of research productivity Spends less than 0.3% of GNP on research
Today’s Globalized World Flow of people, culture, ideas, values, knowledge, technology and economy across borders, facilitating a more interconnected and independent world” Knowledge Counts
Internationalization of HE in Africa Globalization/Internationalization- old phenomena/new realities Main drivers of change in HE Varied definitions and meanings Diverse implications for HE in different contexts Varied manifestations/developments in Africa Africa responds in ways peculiar to its circumstances Differing rationales, challenges, risks etc New opportunities, attendant risks & challenges Internationalization is not only unavoidable but inevitable Worldwide, it is a central/strategic issue in HE Africa is part of golobalized world Has to respond to opportunities & challenges of internationalization Institutional, national, international strategies. Fragmented & weak capacity
Europe-Africa HE Relations Modern HE in Africa- recent phenomenon Modeled on European traditions North- key player in dev of Africa's HE Institutional capacity, policies & cultures Infrastructure, curricular issues Research & knowledge production Consequences- realities Continued developments in recent years So….the past and the present have been of shared experiences….especially with some countries in Europe
What does Africa want from Internationalization IAU 3 rd Global Survey Main Rationales: Research/institutional capacity Main risks: Brain drain, curricular influences, commercialization, unfair collaborations Main Challenges: Funding, capacity, infrastructure, ICTs, quality, policies, strategies, resources, institutional barriers The unknown? & unintended consequences *Arusha Convention-mobility/harmonization *Plan of Action for 2nd Decade of Education in Africa *Africa's Higher Education & Research Space (AHERS) *ANIE?
Benefits/opportunities for Africa Strengthening research capacities of African institutions Developing new generation of scholars for Africa Collaborations/structured partnerships Strengthening of research/ sharing research outcomes Training in specialized knowledge areas/ development of expertise Development of Africa's centers of excellence Innovations in programs and provision Africa's presence in global knowledge society Opportunities for reverse mobility/ stemming brain drain Use of infrastructure/ facilities Cultural diversity…..new ways of doing things International experience
What is going on in Africa Africa is growing in different aspects! Rapid expansion of the HE sector New intra- Africa initiatives Implementing Arusha Convention- Harmonization of Degree Structures, Credit Transfer, Quality Assurance Strengthening Africas Higher Education & Research Space (AHERS)- Research, Training of New Generation, Centres of Excellence New developments in ICT- OERs/ODL/Teaching, learning& research Building on Regional Initiatives (AAU, CAMES, IUCEA, SARUA, ) Growing mobility Regionalization of internationalization
How can we create impact? 1 st & 2 nd ANIE conferences discussed the challenges 3 rd conference 2011 brought together university leaders, policy makers and academics to discuss way forward. Theme: Internationalization of HE in Africa: Where to focus funding and create real impact Organized jointly with British Council & National Universities Commission (NUC)- Nigeria Key outcomes
Rationale/objectives 1.Increasing awareness of the role international higher education partnerships can play in Africa’s development; 2.Increasing understanding of how universities can work together to support the internationalisation of higher education agenda in Africa; 3.Identify areas of weakness and potential for development partners and African governments to support towards the development and improvement of higher education sector in Africa.
Priority Areas Institutional strengthening Develop & strengthen research capacity of institutions Social relevance/ Local solutions (MDGs) Build the African academic community Invest in the new generation of scholars and leaders Strengthen & link to on-going Africa’s initiatives Renewed role of African governments Enhance opportunities for post graduate training and research Strengthen academic quality and curriculum innovations Build strategic relations with African universities…..then with other universities. Governance/leadership Information sharing/access/equity/quality Develop & support regional centers of excellence Invest in and take advantage of ICTs Africanization of internationalization Address barriers to collaborations/ partnerships Implement regional and continental frameworks
Some challenges Unfair collaborations/imbalances Unintended consequences Brain drain Priority shifts Institutional drawbacks Academic quality Regional frameworks Funding/ resources Clarity of overall goals Regionalization of internationalization Anti-intellectual global developments The usual suspects….traditions of cooperation
Lessons The complexity of partnerships i.e. contexts/priorities Shared ownership of partnerships Trust and transparency amongst partners No size fits all! Clear division of roles and responsibilities Joint planning and implementation of partnership plans. Expectations & outcomes Partnership champions… Effective and regular communication Funding maintenance/Sustainability Commitment and supportive institutional infrastructure Monitoring/evaluation