Presentation on theme: "Internationalizing higher education in Africa: Funding versus Impact"— Presentation transcript:
1 Internationalizing higher education in Africa: Funding versus Impact James Otieno JowiExecutive DirectorAfrican Network for Internationalization of Education (ANIE)CIMO Conference3rd -4th May 2012, Helsinki Finland
2 Africa & the Knowledge society Worlds 2nd largest continentAt the peri pheri of the Knowledge societyDeveloping -Home to 32 of worlds 38 HIPC countriesFaces numerous challenges- poverty, low literacy rates, gender disparities 50% of countries may not attain universal PE by 2015Gross Enrolment in HE is 5%Accounts for 1.5 % of research productivitySpends less than 0.3% of GNP on research
3 Today’s Globalized World Flow of people, culture, ideas, values, knowledge, technology and economy across borders, facilitating a more interconnected and independent world”Knowledge Counts
4 Challenges Facing Africa's HE ICTGovernanceINTERNATIONALIZATIONHIGHEREDUCATIONINSTITUTIONAL CAPACITIESFUNDINGDEMAND
5 Internationalization of HE in Africa Globalization/Internationalization- old phenomena/new realitiesMain drivers of change in HEVaried definitions and meaningsDiverse implications for HE in different contextsVaried manifestations/developments in AfricaAfrica responds in ways peculiar to its circumstancesDiffering rationales, challenges, risks etcNew opportunities, attendant risks & challengesInternationalization is not only unavoidable but inevitableWorldwide, it is a central/strategic issue in HEAfrica is part of golobalized worldHas to respond to opportunities & challenges of internationalizationInstitutional, national, international strategies.Fragmented & weak capacity
6 Europe-Africa HE Relations Modern HE in Africa- recent phenomenonModeled on European traditionsNorth- key player in dev of Africa's HEInstitutional capacity, policies & culturesInfrastructure, curricular issuesResearch & knowledge productionConsequences- realitiesContinued developments in recent yearsSo….the past and the present have been of shared experiences….especially with some countries in Europe
7 What does Africa want from Internationalization IAU 3rd Global Survey -2009Main Rationales: Research/institutional capacityMain risks: Brain drain, curricular influences, commercialization, unfair collaborationsMain Challenges: Funding, capacity, infrastructure, ICTs, quality, policies, strategies, resources, institutional barriersThe unknown? & unintended consequences*Arusha Convention-mobility/harmonization*Plan of Action for 2nd Decade of Education in Africa*Africa's Higher Education & Research Space (AHERS)*ANIE?
8 Benefits/opportunities for Africa Strengthening research capacities of African institutionsDeveloping new generation of scholars for AfricaCollaborations/structured partnershipsStrengthening of research/ sharing research outcomesTraining in specialized knowledge areas/ development of expertiseDevelopment of Africa's centers of excellenceInnovations in programs and provisionAfrica's presence in global knowledge societyOpportunities for reverse mobility/ stemming brain drainUse of infrastructure/ facilitiesCultural diversity…..new ways of doing thingsInternational experience
9 What is going on in Africa Africa is growing in different aspects!Rapid expansion of the HE sectorNew intra- Africa initiativesImplementing Arusha Convention- Harmonization of Degree Structures, Credit Transfer, Quality AssuranceStrengthening Africas Higher Education & Research Space (AHERS)- Research, Training of New Generation, Centres of ExcellenceNew developments in ICT- OERs/ODL/Teaching, learning& researchBuilding on Regional Initiatives (AAU, CAMES, IUCEA, SARUA, )Growing mobilityRegionalization of internationalization
10 How can we create impact? 1st & 2nd ANIE conferences discussed the challenges3rd conference 2011 brought together university leaders, policy makers and academics to discuss way forward.Theme: Internationalization of HE in Africa: Where to focus funding and create real impactOrganized jointly with British Council & National Universities Commission (NUC)- NigeriaKey outcomes
11 Rationale/objectives Increasing awareness of the role international higher education partnerships can play in Africa’s development;Increasing understanding of how universities can work together to support the internationalisation of higher education agenda in Africa;Identify areas of weakness and potential for development partners and African governments to support towards the development and improvement of higher education sector in Africa.
12 Priority Areas Institutional strengthening Develop & strengthen research capacity of institutionsSocial relevance/ Local solutions (MDGs)Build the African academic communityInvest in the new generation of scholars and leadersStrengthen & link to on-going Africa’s initiativesRenewed role of African governmentsEnhance opportunities for post graduate training and researchStrengthen academic quality and curriculum innovationsBuild strategic relations with African universities…..then with other universities.Governance/leadershipInformation sharing/access/equity/qualityDevelop & support regional centers of excellenceInvest in and take advantage of ICTsAfricanization of internationalizationAddress barriers to collaborations/ partnershipsImplement regional and continental frameworks
13 Some challenges Unfair collaborations/imbalances Unintended consequencesBrain drainPriority shiftsInstitutional drawbacksAcademic qualityRegional frameworksFunding/ resourcesClarity of overall goalsRegionalization of internationalizationAnti-intellectual global developmentsThe usual suspects….traditions of cooperation
14 Lessons The complexity of partnerships i.e. contexts/priorities Shared ownership of partnershipsTrust and transparency amongst partnersNo size fits all!Clear division of roles and responsibilitiesJoint planning and implementation of partnership plans.Expectations & outcomesPartnership champions…Effective and regular communicationFunding maintenance/SustainabilityCommitment and supportive institutional infrastructureMonitoring/evaluation