Presentation on theme: "Internationalizing higher education in Africa: Funding versus Impact"— Presentation transcript:
1Internationalizing higher education in Africa: Funding versus Impact James Otieno JowiExecutive DirectorAfrican Network for Internationalization of Education (ANIE)CIMO Conference3rd -4th May 2012, Helsinki Finland
2Africa & the Knowledge society Worlds 2nd largest continentAt the peri pheri of the Knowledge societyDeveloping -Home to 32 of worlds 38 HIPC countriesFaces numerous challenges- poverty, low literacy rates, gender disparities 50% of countries may not attain universal PE by 2015Gross Enrolment in HE is 5%Accounts for 1.5 % of research productivitySpends less than 0.3% of GNP on research
3Today’s Globalized World Flow of people, culture, ideas, values, knowledge, technology and economy across borders, facilitating a more interconnected and independent world”Knowledge Counts
4Challenges Facing Africa's HE ICTGovernanceINTERNATIONALIZATIONHIGHEREDUCATIONINSTITUTIONAL CAPACITIESFUNDINGDEMAND
5Internationalization of HE in Africa Globalization/Internationalization- old phenomena/new realitiesMain drivers of change in HEVaried definitions and meaningsDiverse implications for HE in different contextsVaried manifestations/developments in AfricaAfrica responds in ways peculiar to its circumstancesDiffering rationales, challenges, risks etcNew opportunities, attendant risks & challengesInternationalization is not only unavoidable but inevitableWorldwide, it is a central/strategic issue in HEAfrica is part of golobalized worldHas to respond to opportunities & challenges of internationalizationInstitutional, national, international strategies.Fragmented & weak capacity
6Europe-Africa HE Relations Modern HE in Africa- recent phenomenonModeled on European traditionsNorth- key player in dev of Africa's HEInstitutional capacity, policies & culturesInfrastructure, curricular issuesResearch & knowledge productionConsequences- realitiesContinued developments in recent yearsSo….the past and the present have been of shared experiences….especially with some countries in Europe
7What does Africa want from Internationalization IAU 3rd Global Survey -2009Main Rationales: Research/institutional capacityMain risks: Brain drain, curricular influences, commercialization, unfair collaborationsMain Challenges: Funding, capacity, infrastructure, ICTs, quality, policies, strategies, resources, institutional barriersThe unknown? & unintended consequences*Arusha Convention-mobility/harmonization*Plan of Action for 2nd Decade of Education in Africa*Africa's Higher Education & Research Space (AHERS)*ANIE?
8Benefits/opportunities for Africa Strengthening research capacities of African institutionsDeveloping new generation of scholars for AfricaCollaborations/structured partnershipsStrengthening of research/ sharing research outcomesTraining in specialized knowledge areas/ development of expertiseDevelopment of Africa's centers of excellenceInnovations in programs and provisionAfrica's presence in global knowledge societyOpportunities for reverse mobility/ stemming brain drainUse of infrastructure/ facilitiesCultural diversity…..new ways of doing thingsInternational experience
9What is going on in Africa Africa is growing in different aspects!Rapid expansion of the HE sectorNew intra- Africa initiativesImplementing Arusha Convention- Harmonization of Degree Structures, Credit Transfer, Quality AssuranceStrengthening Africas Higher Education & Research Space (AHERS)- Research, Training of New Generation, Centres of ExcellenceNew developments in ICT- OERs/ODL/Teaching, learning& researchBuilding on Regional Initiatives (AAU, CAMES, IUCEA, SARUA, )Growing mobilityRegionalization of internationalization
10How can we create impact? 1st & 2nd ANIE conferences discussed the challenges3rd conference 2011 brought together university leaders, policy makers and academics to discuss way forward.Theme: Internationalization of HE in Africa: Where to focus funding and create real impactOrganized jointly with British Council & National Universities Commission (NUC)- NigeriaKey outcomes
11Rationale/objectives Increasing awareness of the role international higher education partnerships can play in Africa’s development;Increasing understanding of how universities can work together to support the internationalisation of higher education agenda in Africa;Identify areas of weakness and potential for development partners and African governments to support towards the development and improvement of higher education sector in Africa.
12Priority Areas Institutional strengthening Develop & strengthen research capacity of institutionsSocial relevance/ Local solutions (MDGs)Build the African academic communityInvest in the new generation of scholars and leadersStrengthen & link to on-going Africa’s initiativesRenewed role of African governmentsEnhance opportunities for post graduate training and researchStrengthen academic quality and curriculum innovationsBuild strategic relations with African universities…..then with other universities.Governance/leadershipInformation sharing/access/equity/qualityDevelop & support regional centers of excellenceInvest in and take advantage of ICTsAfricanization of internationalizationAddress barriers to collaborations/ partnershipsImplement regional and continental frameworks
13Some challenges Unfair collaborations/imbalances Unintended consequencesBrain drainPriority shiftsInstitutional drawbacksAcademic qualityRegional frameworksFunding/ resourcesClarity of overall goalsRegionalization of internationalizationAnti-intellectual global developmentsThe usual suspects….traditions of cooperation
14Lessons The complexity of partnerships i.e. contexts/priorities Shared ownership of partnershipsTrust and transparency amongst partnersNo size fits all!Clear division of roles and responsibilitiesJoint planning and implementation of partnership plans.Expectations & outcomesPartnership champions…Effective and regular communicationFunding maintenance/SustainabilityCommitment and supportive institutional infrastructureMonitoring/evaluation