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How William Became King

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1 How William Became King
Britain 1066–1500 How William Became King Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Accompanying worksheet Flash activity. These activities are not editable. Web addresses Sound 1 of 12 © Boardworks Ltd 2007

2 Learning objectives Learning objectives
What problems did William face directly after his victory at Hastings? How did he overcome these problems in the short term? What challenges did he still have to meet? Learning objectives

3 The Battle of Hastings: a recap

4 After the battle William may have won the Battle of Hastings, but that did not mean he became king by automatic right. William needed to consolidate his victory. He had defeated the main English army, but England was still full of powerful nobles ready to oppose him. He had to show the English that he was here to stay.

5 What problems did William face?
The English lords do not support William and cannot be trusted. Much of northern England supports invasion by the Scandinavians. Some of Harold’s troops did not come to Hastings and are still in London. Money is required, but there is no record of the wealth of the country. Photos © 2007 Jupiterimages Corporation At Dover there is a strong castle full of English soldiers.

6 Prioritising

7 So what did William do? William knew that his first priority was to deal with any military or political opposition in the immediate vicinity. The capital of England, Winchester, had already surrendered. So William marched his army on London, taking a circular route which passed through a wide swathe of southern England, and mopping up pockets of Saxon resistance as he went. Photo © 2007 Jupiterimages Corporation

8 Marching on London

9 Accounts of the route

10 Saxon surrender A Saxon delegation comprising the earls Edwin and Morcar and the leading men of London surrendered to William at Berkhamsted. Why do you think the Saxons surrendered to William without any opposition? Why do you think William marched his army through so much of southern England before heading towards London? Was he simply destructive, or might he have been trying to intimidate the soldiers in London into giving up without a fight? Bayeux Tapestry image © Copyright Reading Museum Service (Reading Borough Council). All Rights Reserved.

11 Taking the throne On Christmas Day, 1066, William was crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey. His followers cheered so loudly that nearby soldiers thought there was a riot and burned down local houses. William kept his place throughout the chaos, but witnesses said his hands tightened on the arms of the throne until the knuckles whitened. It was said to have been the only time in his life that he showed signs of fear.

12 Challenges to come Worksheet One accompanies this slide.


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