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Presentation on theme: "PRESENTATION ETOD AIRSEAIR"— Presentation transcript:


2 Amendment 36 To ICAO Annex 15, Chapter 10

3 Terrain & obstacle Data requirements are collected for 4 specific areas
Area 1- Entire country territory. Area 2- Less than 45 kilometres and outside of aerodrome runway. Area meters from the runway centerline and 50 meters from the each of all others parts of the aerodrome movement area. Area meters prior to the runway threshold and 60 meters each side of the extended runway centerline.

4 Electronic terrain and obstacle data may be used in the following air navigation applications
Ground proximity warning system with forward looking terrain avoidance function and Minimum Safe Altitude Warning (MSAW) system Determination of contingency procedures for use in the event of an emergency during a missed approach or take-off Aircraft operating limitations analysis Instrument procedure design (including circling procedure) Determination of In-route “drift-down” procedure and in-route emergency landing location Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (A- SMGCS) and Aeronautical chart production and on-board databases. In addition, the data may also be used in flight simulator and synthetic vision systems, and may assist in the height restriction or removal of obstacles that pose a hazard to aviation.

5 Area 1 Obstacles & Terrain - Entire Territory of a State
 Data Numerical requirement : Post Spacing (terrain) – 3 arc seconds (approx. 90 meters) Vertical Accuracy – 30 meters Vertical Resolution – 1 meter Horizontal Accuracy – 50 meters Confidence Level – 90% Data Classification-routine Integrity Level – 1x10 to the -3 Maintenance Period – as required

6 Area 2 Obstacles & Terrain - Terminal Control Area
Data Numerical requirement : Post Spacing (terrain) – 1 arc second (approx 30 meters) Vertical Accuracy – 3 meters Vertical Resolution – 0.1 meter Horizontal Accuracy – 5 meters Confidence Level – 90% Data Classification-essential Integrity Level – 1x10 to the -5 Maintenance Period – as required



9 Area 3 Obstacles & Terrain - Aerodrome/Heliport Area
Data Numerical requirement : Post Spacing (terrain) – 0.6 arc second (approx. 20 meters) Vertical Accuracy – 0.5 meters Vertical Resolution – 0.01 meter Horizontal Accuracy – 0.5 meter Confidence Level – 90% Data Classification-essential Integrity Level – 1x10 to the -5 Maintenance Period – as required

10 Area 4 Obstacles & Terrain Category II or III Area of Operation
Data Numerical requirement :  Vertical Accuracy – 1.0 meter Vertical Resolution – 0.1 meter Horizontal Accuracy – 2.5 meter Confidence Level – 90% Data Classification-essential Integrity Level – 1x10 to the -5 Maintenance Period – as required

11 Area 2a is a “Standard” Areas 2b, 2c, & 2d “Recommendations” Penetrations of the take-off flight path area obstacle identifications (Annex 4, ) and aerodrome obstacle limitation surfaces (Annex 14, Volume 1, Chapter 4)

12 Aerodrome Obstacle Limitation Surfaces
Annex 14, Volume 1, Chapter 4

13 Obstacle. All fixed (whether temporary or permanent) and mobile objects, or parts thereof, that: a) are located on an area intended for the surface movement of aircraft, or b) extend above a defined surface intended to protect aircraft in flight, or c) stand outside those defined surfaces and that have been assessed as being a hazard to air navigation.

14 El Centro de Recursos para el Análisis de Conflictos (Cerac) tiene un informe en el que detalla la presencia de grupos armados en las diferentes regiones del país, la consolidación de esos actores como influyentes o dominantes en los territorios y las zonas donde hierve el conflicto, debido a enfrentamientos de esos grupos contra la fuerza pública o combates entre los mismos grupos ilegales. KienyKe reproduce un mapa en el que se identifican los territorios nacionales donde operan los dos principales grupos guerrilleros (FARC y ELN). Las zonas donde más ejercen resistencia armada coinciden con  la mayoría de zonas rojas identificadas por OCHA, aunque las mediciones de este último organismo no sólo consideren acciones de insurgentes. Las Farc son el grupo armado ilegal de mayor presencia en todo el territorio nacional. Jorge Restrepo, director del Cerac, no obstante explicó que hay regiones en las que hay actividad guerrillera pero no hay oleadas de combates, de alguna manera, porque la guerrilla controla el territorio y se ha consolidado allí. Entre dichos sectores se encuentra parte de la serranía del Perijá, cerca a la frontera con Venezuela, parte de Vichada y Guanía, zonas de los límites entre Boyacá y Florencia, el pacífico caucano y el pacífico nariñense.

15 Obstacle limitation surfaces B A Conical Transitional Approach
Inner approach Strip Inner horizontal Take-off climb B A Section A-A Section B-B Obstacle limitation surfaces

16 Dimensions and slopes of obstacle limitation surfaces
Approach runways

17 When?    Area 2a November 12, 2015

18 Traditional methods for survey and validation of data
Request Survey mission Logistic Process Team: 1 Topographer 2 Assistants Equipment: 1 GNSS Receiver 1 Total station 2 Tripods with handles 1 Accuracy level 1 Surveying Software 1 Software CAD Field measurement of points in WGS-84 Taking points on the track with the profile Electronic data storage or notes In office data is downloaded, processed or calculated The points are plotted and are located in CAD, Microstation or Google Earth programs.. Reception and review of reports from: Authorities, pilots, contractors, third institutions, etc. Compliance of ICAO standards Validate new works, infraestructure Tickets, missions, transportation Local arrangements

19 Traditional methods of data collection and validation
Factors that make difficult capturing and updating of data: Difficult topography and inaccessible sites Limitations in human resources & logistics Meteorological factors Personnel and equipment required Human Resource: A surveyor and two auxiliary Equipment: GPS, Total Station calibrated. Delay in data collection Surveys and validations are performed according to needs or reports received. Non-conformity of the data: Failures in the manipulation of data that impact the integrity and accuracy requirements. Atencion a la informacion de la duracion y costos. Son datos dados por Pablo y no son aplicables a otros paises de latinoamerica. Creo que no es conveniente mostrarlos en la presentacion

20 AIRSEAIR Technological Solution

21 Innovative Technical Solution
Airseair solution includes a combined approach of state of the art technologies to provide our customers a reliable, and easy tool to survey, maintain and control the electronic terrain and obstacle data.

22 Airseair proposes turn-key solutions with Satellites, LIDAR, High definition cameras, RPAS (Remote Piloted Aircraft Systems) with DG (direct GeoReferencing) adjustable to our clients requirements. Airseair uses Software compatibles to AIXM (Aeronautical Information Exchange Model) which complies with AIM (Aeronautical Information Management) standard.

23 AIRSEAIR Technological Solution
Satellite imagery - Area 1 RPAS and LIDAR – Areas 2, 3 & 4 * RPAS: Remotely Piloted Aircraft System * LIDAR: Light Detection and Ranging

24 SATELLITE IMAGERY AREA 1 Economically effective Annex 15 compliant
Fast collection of data Se puede anexar la informacion de Compass Data sobre el aeropuerto de B/quilla

25 Last technology sensors
RPAS with LIDAR RPAS areas 2, 3 & 4 Last technology sensors Solutions tailored to the surveys to be performed with high precision.

26 RPAS Aircraft RPAS application that enables quick and efficient aerial footage in difficult areas, resulting of complicated geographical, topographical and access roads conditions. Navigation systems with on board inertial augmentation and assisted automatic correction stations that allow significant reduction of ground control points and even completely autonomous geo-referencing of images.

27 LIDAR Airborne equipment.
LIDAR sensors for gathering terrain and obstacles information which provides accuracies, resolutions and integrity superior to ICAO requirements

28 RPAS with LIDAR Supply of electronic maps of terrain and obstacles compatible with AIXM (Aeronautical Information Exchange Model)

29 AIRSEAIR Technological solution
Advantages Promptness in obtaining electronic data. Improved integrity of the data obtained through the reduction of intermediate processes and human intervention in handling the data. Automated process. High reliability, accuracy and resolution of the data compliant ICAO Annex 15. Minimum impact to the operation of the airport. La experiencia muestra sin fotocontrol los resultados pueden estar entre 5 & 10 mts de error horizontal y resolucion cercana a 10 cm (segun la altura de vuelo). El control terrestre mejora la precision por debajo del metro, pero implica una campana de campo especifico con GNSS para hacer el fotocontrol.

30 AIRSEAIR Technological Solution
Advantages Accessibility, filing, updating and easy data management Compatibility with standard software Easy access to difficult areas Use of new technologies compared with traditional methods represent significant savings in time, cost and maintenance. Optimizing the allocation of human talent



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