Presentation on theme: "Smart Systems for Internet of Things The next wave!"— Presentation transcript:
1Smart Systems for Internet of Things The next wave! Roberto ZafalonTechnology Programmes, DirectorR&D and Public Affairs, ItalySTMicroelectronicsEPOSS FORUM 2014TorinoSeptember 25th, 2014
2What is IoT? first proposed by Kevin Ashton in 1999 The Internet of Things connects every day consumer objects and industrial equipment onto the network, enabling information gathering and management of these devices via software in order to increase efficiency, enable new services, or achieve other health, safety, or environmental benefits.Kevin Ashton, a British technologist in 1999 was Executive Director at MIT’s Auto-ID Center, an RFID research consortiumWired 2013 talk on YouTubeIoT: The term was first proposed by Kevin Ashton in 1999, when he was Executive Director at MIT’s Auto-ID Center, an RFID research consortium.
3The Internet WavesThe 1990s: fixed Internet connected 1 billion users via PCsThe 2000s: mobile Internet connected 3 billion users via smartphones (on its way to 6 billion),IoT is emerging as a third bigger Internet waveIoT is expected to connect 50 billion “things” to the Internet by 2020! [1 min]The IoT is also gaining momentum through the cloud and by 2020 there will be nearly as many machine-to-machine (M2M) connections as there are people on earth.E.g. Smart cars will have nearly four M2M modules per car.7.5 Billion world population on 2020
4By 2020 the Internet traffic will shift dramatically! Most of the IP traffic will originate from other than personal computers (PCs). Wi-Fi traffic will exceed wired traffic and Full HD video will generate more traffic than standard video.According to a recent report issued by Cisco, the number of connected devices (i.e. through IPv6 and evolution) will grow to some 50 billion devices by The internet traffic will be close to 44 Zettabytes (i.e. 10^21 bytes)!In the Football World Cup in Brazil (june 2014), the Video streaming and internet broadcasting have generated 4.3 exabytes (i.e. 10^18 bytes) of IP traffic, which is 3X the monthly IP traffic typically generated by Brazil.1 ZB = 10007bytes = 1021bytes = 1000 exabytes = 1 billion terabytes.
5connected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors! [1 min] The Internet of Thingsconnected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors! [1 min]New Things to augment lifeExisting Things augmentedThe Internet of things: products that Leveraging the Internet to make things smarter, easier to use and connected.All Major segments: Industrials:Consumer:AutomotiveImpact: Defining new business’s: new applications: new players and business models.
6Barriers to IoT’s adoption Security concerns – Security concerns escalate to a whole new level, given the potential for privacy violations or safety issues due to the ability to remotely manipulate physical assetsRegulation and compliance – as many IoT implementations are being mandated by the governments, such as the eCall connected car requirement in Europe, the rail safety act in the US, or smart grid mandates around the worldStandards –business is hesitant to invest in connecting assets that may become “stranded” if the communications standards will change. For example, smart gas meters, although technologically easy, are very critical and expensive to deploy, as they go in volumesEase of use – Some of the early success stories in IoT have benefited from their ease of use, such as the Nest thermostat (acquired by Google). eHealth is much more complicated!
7Convergence toward “all IP” world Vertical marketsprofiles opportunitiesComplementary services, e.g. resource discovery, , HP GP,G3 PRIME PLC, BTLE, DECT…TCP, UDPSmart Energy Profile 2.0Smart-grid; personal Health; Other Profiles- ResourceManagementDiscoveryGroup comm...HTTP, COAPIPv6 (6LoWPAN, RPL)IP stack has become theuniversal technology for networking and applicationsPHY/MACs will remainin continuous evolutionbased on applicationand regulatory needs
8The IP for Smart Objects Toolbox 86lo: IPv6 over Networks of Resource-constrained Nodes (6lo)https://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/6lo/The IP for Smart Objects ToolboxOver the past few years, industry developed the standards enabling IP based applications on smart objects:6LoWPAN – An adaptation layer to transport IPv6 over low power wireless communication links (RFC 6282 for ), support for other links (e.g. DECT ULE, BTLE) is under development at the IETFRPL – An IPv6 routing protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks (standardized as RFC 6550 (and related), Adopted by SEP 2.0, WAVENIS, P1901.2)Security – Proven protocols, available at multiple layers above IP, enabling end-to-end security, e.g. TLS and DTLSCoAP – An application layer protocol for resource-constrained internet devices: new protocol, RESTful, designed for simplified integration of smart objects with the web Final draft submitted for publication
9Why IoT should be different from pervasive computing or similar stuff?? Today major companies have come out with real products that enable aspects of autonomous decision and interface/sensoring the environment.Additionally, the enabling semiconductors including sensors, microcontrollers and communications chips (e.g., Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, ZigBee) have seen ultra low-power capability and steep price declines that now make connected end points affordable at price less than $100.Android is in!
10ST fosters innovation on IoT SPIRIT: As we drove MEMS adoption by the mobile phone market five years ago, ST is unique in its having all the sensor technologies, together with the extremely low-power SPIRIT1 RF wireless radio for home, office and industrial use, and our Bluetooth Low Energy radio for wearable applications, to drive the IoT market development and create the next MEMS wave.”Designs application around the STM32 family of ARM® Cortex®-M microcontroller is full of opportunities. We invite Researchers all over the world to use their imagination and their love of innovation to create the next big thing for the IoT. The STM32 Design Challenge is open to everybody: Registration and submission of projects on ST Facebook where you can get your free STM32 Nucleo board (compliant with Arduino) and the Android based tool kit.
11Existing Things Augmented (Making Things Smarter) It used to tell you the timeNow it tells you what to doNow it talks to your machines and tells you how much they are consumingIt used to just provide powerEveryday examples of the connected world making things smarter changing what they do and what you do.Just the beginning of the revolution that will change ordinary things into extraordinary things….It used to remind you of someone close to your heartNow it reminds you to take care of your heartThey used to help yousee clearlyNow they help you to see more
12The IoT Opportunity Augmented Things 50 Billions! “Thing Mobile devices“ThingPowerSenseConnectProcessTranslateSource: ABI ResearchWe have already talked about the opportunity Hubs and Gateways during Jean-Marcs presentationMobile devices have been the first big expansion of connected objects and ST is significantly present there today-that’s where we can leverage.Hyper-connectivity is a reality its just going to increase rapidly.The key functional requirements for the IOT are sensing, embedded computing, connecting and converting or translating. For mobile connected things power management and low power environment are essential.Changing all those millions of everyday products into smarter products with more sensors and embedded intelligence.
13New Things to Augment Life Smart CityReduce traffic congestionBetter use of resourcesImprove securitySmart Me HealthcareEmpower patientsHelp physicians monitor and diagnose remotelySmart CarReduce emissionsIncrease safetySave fuelSmart Me Fitness & WellnessHelp to lead healthier livesOptimize sports performanceEarly warning of illnessRegulation and lifestyle changes are driving change: The need to conserve energy, to increase efficiency and use technology to work for us and how we live. We are living longer and want to stay healthy while enjoying our new extended life.Smart HomeMake entertainment more interactive and immersiveIncrease comfortSave energy
14Expanding to Make Things Smarter Beyond the Smartphone Smart HomeSmart CitySmart CarWhile the smart phone itself has become the most prolific IOT device, it along with rapid expansion of mainly wireless internet services is creating a whole new wave of applications and products.Wearables with their close proximity and with many dependent on the smart phone are expanding rapidly.The smart home and access to wireless hubs and extenders are another high growth area where ST has already many products – Reference JM. Home-gateways provide an access point to create new business service models and connect to new devices – Security, Energy management, Smart Appliances.The smart CAR is ready to feed of the internet infrastructure for infotainment, security, power management and safety – Reference MM – Go look at a Tesla.Smart City The pressure to make living and working in the city more bearable as we migrate in larger numbers. Creates the opportunity to sense and collect important data and help city managers control traffic, security, pollution and energy - making cities much smarter.Wearable
15Wearables – the First Wave of the IoT Why do wearable devices take off?They address real needsBuild upon the cellular infrastructure of the smartphone – providing local and Internet connectivity as well as the screen and interface capabilitiesBased on a existing connectivity standardslower entry barrier than most consumersHigh volume of tiny components allows to drop cost and sizeFinally after more than 20 years of waiting wrapping computers around us, this turned it real.Fitness has been a major driver – deal with Nike versus Fitbit – A perennial market not only a FAD.While the overall market grows at mid single digit. IOT applications/product are growing significantly faster take the case of Fitness devices, wearables where we estimate we have more than 30% share. We have more than doubled our revenues 13’ to 14’ and expect to grow at more than 40% over the next year. This has been a major driver of our success with the STM32 family…Sources: Strategy Analytics, ABI
16Wearables [6 min] Leading a peculiar product-mix MEMS & sensors for consumer & mobile32-bit low power MCUsComplementary Power management and connectivity solutionsBroad market coverageSystems approachActivity MonitorHeart MonitorSportsSmart WatchAccessoriesGlasses & Goggles
17Smart Home [1m30’]Sensors, intelligence and connectivity being added to many devices at homeProximity sensor integrated in robot cleanerSmart energy meters on any applianceEnvironment sensors for comfort and securityAmbient assistance, ice.dot (fall detection and emergency call)Gesture recognition for serious and fanIoT domestic wallIntelligent LocksSmart AppliancesHome GatewayOTT boxes-donglesSmart ControlToys & Games
18Smart Systems have the ingredients to enable IoT Augmented Things in the IoTA unique portfolio with all the key technologies & productsSensors-to-cloud value chainBroad ecosystem, HW & SWDigital-security technologiesSemiconductor technologies and high-volume production capabilitiesSmart Energy managementSensorsUltra-low power connectivityULP Microcontrollers & MemoriesAnalog and mixed signal componentsWe can deliver the 4 Ps – Performance, Package, Power, PriceIn the world of hyper-connected products ST is in a Unique position to lead in this market with all the key ingredients and products, essential to succeed in this rapidly expanding market. ST is the only company with all the key products to lead in this constantly evolving market.
19ST enables the Smart Systems Integration ULP Microcontrollers & MemoriesSensorsSoftwareUltra-low power connectivitySmart EnergyManagementAnalog and mixed signal componentsAs in any Fragmented and large market developing standard tools to jump start customers is the right way to support the market. Providing high levels of integrated SW and Hardware for applications developers to focus on developing their applications using our Sensors, MCU’s and other key components accelerates time to market and lowers support costs. A key component to all things connected to the internet is security, an expertise ST continues to leverage with the expansion of IOT applications.Security
20Leading Positions in the Key Building Blocks MEMS & SensorsLeading Positions in the Key Building BlocksULP Microcontrollers & MemoriesNumber 2 in MCU(GP + Secure)Number 1 in consumers MEMS and Micro-actuatorsMOTIONGeneral-Purpose MicrocontrollersSWPNFCControllerSIM CardEmbeddedSecure ElementSensorHubLeadership in 32-bit architecture based on Cortex-M™ platformACOUSTICMemoriesENVIRONMENTALLeadership in RF EEPROM Near-Field-Communication compliantSecure MCUACTUATORSLeadership in 32-bit architecture based on Secure Cortex™- SCxxx platformNumber 1 in Motion MemsNumber 2 in PressureA leader in MicrophonesNumber 2 in EpromActuators the next big thingA serious challenger in high performance TouchThe undisputed leader in 32bit ARM based secure and General purpose MCU’sTOUCHMain ControllerSensorHubDynamic NFC / RFID tagsANALOG
21Connectivity Plug-and-play WiFi modules Ultra-low power ConnectivityConnectivityUltra low-power Bluetooth connectivity solutionMaster and Slave Single Mode BLE (4.0) Network Processor.On chip non-volatile Flash memory allows OTA BLE- stack upgrade. Stack qualifiedPlug-and-play WiFi modulesFully qualified and certifiedEasy entry to wireless for customersSpirit Transceiver for sub-1 GHz radiosVery low powerFlexible Multi-band transceiverProtocol stack Wireless M-BUS, 6LowPANFastest growing design registrations in NA for a leading distributor Q
22Ultimately,… the best thing the internet can do is disappear! ConclusionsThe IoT has the potential to connect tens of billions of objects to internet generating demand for sensors, microcontrollers, data connectivity and energy management.ST has all the ingredients for the IoT/Wearables and is winning today in the first high volume markets that have emerged.In 10 years the internet technology will become invisible; completely integrated into our everyday lives in a way that is much less intrusive and with a truly human interface.Ultimately,… the best thing the internet can do is disappear!