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Smart Systems for Internet of Things The next wave!

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1 Smart Systems for Internet of Things The next wave!
Roberto Zafalon Technology Programmes, Director R&D and Public Affairs, Italy STMicroelectronics EPOSS FORUM 2014 Torino September 25th, 2014

2 What is IoT? first proposed by Kevin Ashton in 1999
The Internet of Things connects every day consumer objects and industrial equipment onto the network, enabling information gathering and management of these devices via software in order to increase efficiency, enable new services, or achieve other health, safety, or environmental benefits. Kevin Ashton, a British technologist in 1999 was Executive Director at MIT’s Auto-ID Center, an RFID research consortium Wired 2013 talk on YouTube IoT: The term was first proposed by Kevin Ashton in 1999, when he was Executive Director at MIT’s Auto-ID Center, an RFID research consortium.

3 The Internet Waves The 1990s: fixed Internet connected 1 billion users via PCs The 2000s: mobile Internet connected 3 billion users via smartphones (on its way to 6 billion), IoT is emerging as a third bigger Internet wave IoT is expected to connect 50 billion “things” to the Internet by 2020! [1 min] The IoT is also gaining momentum through the cloud and by 2020 there will be nearly as many machine-to-machine (M2M) connections as there are people on earth. E.g. Smart cars will have nearly four M2M modules per car. 7.5 Billion world population on 2020

4 By 2020 the Internet traffic will shift dramatically!
Most of the IP traffic will originate from other than personal computers (PCs). Wi-Fi traffic will exceed wired traffic and Full HD video will generate more traffic than standard video. According to a recent report issued by Cisco, the number of connected devices (i.e. through IPv6 and evolution) will grow to some 50 billion devices by The internet traffic will be close to 44 Zettabytes (i.e. 10^21 bytes)! In the Football World Cup in Brazil (june 2014), the Video streaming and internet broadcasting have generated 4.3 exabytes (i.e. 10^18 bytes) of IP traffic, which is 3X the monthly IP traffic typically generated by Brazil. 1 ZB = 10007bytes = 1021bytes = 1000 exabytes = 1 billion terabytes.

5 connected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors! [1 min]
The Internet of Things connected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors! [1 min] New Things to augment life Existing Things augmented The Internet of things: products that Leveraging the Internet to make things smarter, easier to use and connected. All Major segments: Industrials:Consumer:Automotive Impact: Defining new business’s: new applications: new players and business models.

6 Barriers to IoT’s adoption
Security concerns – Security concerns escalate to a whole new level, given the potential for privacy violations or safety issues due to the ability to remotely manipulate physical assets Regulation and compliance – as many IoT implementations are being mandated by the governments, such as the eCall connected car requirement in Europe, the rail safety act in the US, or smart grid mandates around the world Standards –business is hesitant to invest in connecting assets that may become “stranded” if the communications standards will change. For example, smart gas meters, although technologically easy, are very critical and expensive to deploy, as they go in volumes Ease of use – Some of the early success stories in IoT have benefited from their ease of use, such as the Nest thermostat (acquired by Google). eHealth is much more complicated!

7 Convergence toward “all IP” world
Vertical markets profiles opportunities Complementary services, e.g. resource discovery , , HP GP, G3 PRIME PLC, BTLE, DECT… TCP, UDP Smart Energy Profile 2.0 Smart-grid; personal Health; Other Profiles - Resource Management Discovery Group comm ... HTTP, COAP IPv6 (6LoWPAN, RPL) IP stack has become the universal technology for networking and applications PHY/MACs will remain in continuous evolution based on application and regulatory needs

8 The IP for Smart Objects Toolbox
8 6lo: IPv6 over Networks of Resource-constrained Nodes (6lo) The IP for Smart Objects Toolbox Over the past few years, industry developed the standards enabling IP based applications on smart objects: 6LoWPAN – An adaptation layer to transport IPv6 over low power wireless communication links (RFC 6282 for ), support for other links (e.g. DECT ULE, BTLE) is under development at the IETF RPL – An IPv6 routing protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks (standardized as RFC 6550 (and related), Adopted by SEP 2.0, WAVENIS, P1901.2) Security – Proven protocols, available at multiple layers above IP, enabling end-to-end security, e.g. TLS and DTLS CoAP – An application layer protocol for resource-constrained internet devices: new protocol, RESTful, designed for simplified integration of smart objects with the web  Final draft submitted for publication

9 Why IoT should be different from pervasive computing or similar stuff??
Today major companies have come out with real products that enable aspects of autonomous decision and interface/sensoring the environment. Additionally, the enabling semiconductors including sensors, microcontrollers and communications chips (e.g., Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, ZigBee) have seen ultra low-power capability and steep price declines that now make connected end points affordable at price less than $100. Android is in!

10 ST fosters innovation on IoT
SPIRIT: As we drove MEMS adoption by the mobile phone market five years ago, ST is unique in its having all the sensor technologies, together with the extremely low-power SPIRIT1 RF wireless radio for home, office and industrial use, and our Bluetooth Low Energy radio for wearable applications,  to drive the IoT market development and create the next MEMS wave.” Designs application around the STM32 family of ARM® Cortex®-M microcontroller is full of opportunities. We invite Researchers all over the world to use their imagination and their love of innovation to create the next big thing for the IoT. The STM32 Design Challenge is open to everybody: Registration and submission of projects  on ST Facebook where  you can get your free STM32 Nucleo board  (compliant with Arduino) and the Android based tool kit. 

11 Existing Things Augmented (Making Things Smarter)
It used to tell you the time Now it tells you what to do Now it talks to your machines and tells you how much they are consuming It used to just provide power Everyday examples of the connected world making things smarter changing what they do and what you do. Just the beginning of the revolution that will change ordinary things into extraordinary things…. It used to remind you of someone close to your heart Now it reminds you to take care of your heart They used to help you see clearly Now they help you to see more

12 The IoT Opportunity Augmented Things 50 Billions! “Thing
Mobile devices “Thing Power Sense Connect Process Translate Source: ABI Research We have already talked about the opportunity Hubs and Gateways during Jean-Marcs presentation Mobile devices have been the first big expansion of connected objects and ST is significantly present there today-that’s where we can leverage. Hyper-connectivity is a reality its just going to increase rapidly. The key functional requirements for the IOT are sensing, embedded computing, connecting and converting or translating. For mobile connected things power management and low power environment are essential. Changing all those millions of everyday products into smarter products with more sensors and embedded intelligence.

13 New Things to Augment Life
Smart City Reduce traffic congestion Better use of resources Improve security Smart Me Healthcare Empower patients Help physicians monitor and diagnose remotely Smart Car Reduce emissions Increase safety Save fuel Smart Me Fitness & Wellness Help to lead healthier lives Optimize sports performance Early warning of illness Regulation and lifestyle changes are driving change: The need to conserve energy, to increase efficiency and use technology to work for us and how we live. We are living longer and want to stay healthy while enjoying our new extended life. Smart Home Make entertainment more interactive and immersive Increase comfort Save energy

14 Expanding to Make Things Smarter Beyond the Smartphone
Smart Home Smart City Smart Car While the smart phone itself has become the most prolific IOT device, it along with rapid expansion of mainly wireless internet services is creating a whole new wave of applications and products. Wearables with their close proximity and with many dependent on the smart phone are expanding rapidly. The smart home and access to wireless hubs and extenders are another high growth area where ST has already many products – Reference JM. Home-gateways provide an access point to create new business service models and connect to new devices – Security, Energy management, Smart Appliances. The smart CAR is ready to feed of the internet infrastructure for infotainment, security, power management and safety – Reference MM – Go look at a Tesla. Smart City The pressure to make living and working in the city more bearable as we migrate in larger numbers. Creates the opportunity to sense and collect important data and help city managers control traffic, security, pollution and energy - making cities much smarter. Wearable

15 Wearables – the First Wave of the IoT
Why do wearable devices take off? They address real needs Build upon the cellular infrastructure of the smartphone – providing local and Internet connectivity as well as the screen and interface capabilities Based on a existing connectivity standards lower entry barrier than most consumers High volume of tiny components allows to drop cost and size Finally after more than 20 years of waiting wrapping computers around us, this turned it real. Fitness has been a major driver – deal with Nike versus Fitbit – A perennial market not only a FAD. While the overall market grows at mid single digit. IOT applications/product are growing significantly faster take the case of Fitness devices, wearables where we estimate we have more than 30% share. We have more than doubled our revenues 13’ to 14’ and expect to grow at more than 40% over the next year. This has been a major driver of our success with the STM32 family… Sources: Strategy Analytics, ABI

16 Wearables [6 min] Leading a peculiar product-mix
MEMS & sensors for consumer & mobile 32-bit low power MCUs Complementary Power management and connectivity solutions Broad market coverage Systems approach Activity Monitor Heart Monitor Sports Smart Watch Accessories Glasses & Goggles

17 Smart Home [1m30’] Sensors, intelligence and connectivity being added to many devices at home Proximity sensor integrated in robot cleaner Smart energy meters on any appliance Environment sensors for comfort and security Ambient assistance, (fall detection and emergency call) Gesture recognition for serious and fan IoT domestic wall Intelligent Locks Smart Appliances Home Gateway OTT boxes-dongles Smart Control Toys & Games

18 Smart Systems have the ingredients to enable IoT
Augmented Things in the IoT A unique portfolio with all the key technologies & products Sensors-to-cloud value chain Broad ecosystem, HW & SW Digital-security technologies Semiconductor technologies and high-volume production capabilities Smart Energy management Sensors Ultra-low power connectivity ULP Microcontrollers & Memories Analog and mixed signal components We can deliver the 4 Ps – Performance, Package, Power, Price In the world of hyper-connected products ST is in a Unique position to lead in this market with all the key ingredients and products, essential to succeed in this rapidly expanding market. ST is the only company with all the key products to lead in this constantly evolving market.

19 ST enables the Smart Systems Integration
ULP Microcontrollers & Memories Sensors Software Ultra-low power connectivity Smart Energy Management Analog and mixed signal components As in any Fragmented and large market developing standard tools to jump start customers is the right way to support the market. Providing high levels of integrated SW and Hardware for applications developers to focus on developing their applications using our Sensors, MCU’s and other key components accelerates time to market and lowers support costs. A key component to all things connected to the internet is security, an expertise ST continues to leverage with the expansion of IOT applications. Security

20 Leading Positions in the Key Building Blocks
MEMS & Sensors Leading Positions in the Key Building Blocks ULP Microcontrollers & Memories Number 2 in MCU (GP + Secure) Number 1 in consumers MEMS and Micro-actuators MOTION General-Purpose Microcontrollers SWP NFC Controller SIM Card Embedded Secure Element Sensor Hub Leadership in 32-bit architecture based on Cortex-M™ platform ACOUSTIC Memories ENVIRONMENTAL Leadership in RF EEPROM Near-Field-Communication compliant Secure MCU ACTUATORS Leadership in 32-bit architecture based on Secure Cortex™- SCxxx platform Number 1 in Motion Mems Number 2 in Pressure A leader in Microphones Number 2 in Eprom Actuators the next big thing A serious challenger in high performance Touch The undisputed leader in 32bit ARM based secure and General purpose MCU’s TOUCH Main Controller Sensor Hub Dynamic NFC / RFID tags ANALOG

21 Connectivity Plug-and-play WiFi modules
Ultra-low power Connectivity Connectivity Ultra low-power Bluetooth connectivity solution Master and Slave Single Mode BLE (4.0) Network Processor. On chip non-volatile Flash memory allows OTA BLE- stack upgrade. Stack qualified Plug-and-play WiFi modules Fully qualified and certified Easy entry to wireless for customers Spirit Transceiver for sub-1 GHz radios Very low power Flexible Multi-band transceiver Protocol stack Wireless M-BUS, 6LowPAN Fastest growing design registrations in NA for a leading distributor Q

22 Ultimately,… the best thing the internet can do is disappear!
Conclusions The IoT has the potential to connect tens of billions of objects to internet generating demand for sensors, microcontrollers, data connectivity and energy management. ST has all the ingredients for the IoT/Wearables and is winning today in the first high volume markets that have emerged. In 10 years the internet technology will become invisible; completely integrated into our everyday lives in a way that is much less intrusive and with a truly human interface. Ultimately,… the best thing the internet can do is disappear!

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