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Smart Systems for Internet of Things The next wave! Roberto Zafalon Technology Programmes, Director R&D and Public Affairs, Italy STMicroelectronics EPOSS.

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Presentation on theme: "Smart Systems for Internet of Things The next wave! Roberto Zafalon Technology Programmes, Director R&D and Public Affairs, Italy STMicroelectronics EPOSS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Smart Systems for Internet of Things The next wave! Roberto Zafalon Technology Programmes, Director R&D and Public Affairs, Italy STMicroelectronics EPOSS FORUM 2014 Torino September 25 th, 2014

2 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 What is IoT? first proposed by Kevin Ashton in 1999 The Internet of Things connects every day consumer objects and industrial equipment onto the network, enabling information gathering and management of these devices via software in order to increase efficiency, enable new services, or achieve other health, safety, or environmental benefits. Kevin Ashton, a British technologist in 1999 was Executive Director at MIT’s Auto-ID Center, an RFID research consortium Wired 2013 talk on YouTube 2

3 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 The Internet Waves 1.The 1990s: fixed Internet connected 1 billion users via PCs 2.The 2000s: mobile Internet connected 3 billion users via smartphones (on its way to 6 billion), 3.IoT is emerging as a third bigger Internet wave IoT is expected to connect 50 billion “things” to the Internet by 2020! [1 min]IoT is expected to connect 50 billion “things” to the Internet by 2020! The IoT is also gaining momentum through the cloud and by 2020 there will be nearly as many machine-to-machine (M2M) connections as there are people on earth. E.g. Smart cars will have nearly four M2M modules per car. 3

4 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 By 2020 the Internet traffic will shift dramatically! Most of the IP traffic will originate from other than personal computers (PCs). Wi-Fi traffic will exceed wired traffic and Full HD video will generate more traffic than standard video. According to a recent report issued by Cisco, the number of connected devices (i.e. through IPv6 and evolution) will grow to some 50 billion devices by The internet traffic will be close to 44 Zettabytes (i.e. 10^21 bytes)! In the Football World Cup in Brazil (june 2014), the Video streaming and internet broadcasting have generated 4.3 exabytes (i.e. 10^18 bytes) of IP traffic, which is 3X the monthly IP traffic typically generated by Brazil. 4

5 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 The Internet of Things 5 New Things to augment life Existing Things augmented

6 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Barriers to IoT’s adoption Security concerns – Security concerns escalate to a whole new level, given the potential for privacy violations or safety issues due to the ability to remotely manipulate physical assets Regulation and compliance – as many IoT implementations are being mandated by the governments, such as the eCall connected car requirement in Europe, the rail safety act in the US, or smart grid mandates around the world Standards –business is hesitant to invest in connecting assets that may become “stranded” if the communications standards will change. For example, smart gas meters, although technologically easy, are very critical and expensive to deploy, as they go in volumes Ease of use – Some of the early success stories in IoT have benefited from their ease of use, such as the Nest thermostat (acquired by Google). eHealth is much more complicated! 6

7 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Convergence toward “all IP” world Vertical markets profiles opportunities Complementary services, e.g. resource discovery IP stack has become the universal technology for networking and applications PHY/MACs will remain in continuous evolution based on application and regulatory needs , , HP GP, G3 PRIME PLC, BTLE, DECT… , , HP GP, G3 PRIME PLC, BTLE, DECT… TCP, UDP Smart Energy Profile 2.0 Smart-grid; personal Health; Other Profiles - Resource Management - Discovery - Group comm -... HTTP, COAP IPv6 (6LoWPAN, RPL)

8 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Over the past few years, industry developed the standards enabling IP based applications on smart objects: 6LoWPAN – An adaptation layer to transport IPv6 over low power wireless communication links (RFC 6282 for ), support for other links (e.g. DECT ULE, BTLE) is under development at the IETF RPL – An IPv6 routing protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks (standardized as RFC 6550 (and related), Adopted by SEP 2.0, WAVENIS, P1901.2) Security – Proven protocols, available at multiple layers above IP, enabling end-to-end security, e.g. TLS and DTLS CoAP – An application layer protocol for resource-constrained internet devices: new protocol, RESTful, designed for simplified integration of smart objects with the web  Final draft submitted for publication The IP for Smart Objects Toolbox

9 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Why IoT should be different from pervasive computing or similar stuff?? 9 1.Today major companies have come out with real products that enable aspects of autonomous decision and interface/sensoring the environment. 2.Additionally, the enabling semiconductors including sensors, microcontrollers and communications chips (e.g., Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, ZigBee) have seen ultra low-power capability and steep price declines that now make connected end points affordable at price less than $ Android is in!

10 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 ST fosters innovation on IoT SPIRIT: As we drove MEMS adoption by the mobile phone market five years ago, ST is unique in its having all the sensor technologies, together with the extremely low-power SPIRIT1 RF wireless radio for home, office and industrial use, and our Bluetooth Low Energy radio for wearable applications, to drive the IoT market development and create the next MEMS wave.”SPIRIT1Bluetooth Low Energy Designs application around the STM32 family of ARM® Cortex®-M microcontroller is full of opportunities. We invite Researchers all over the world to use their imagination and their love of innovation to create the next big thing for the IoT. The STM32 Design Challenge is open to everybody: Registration and submission of projects on ST Facebook where you can get your free STM32 Nucleo board (compliant with Arduino) and the Android based tool kit. on ST FacebookSTM32 Nucleo board 10

11 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Existing Things Augmented (Making Things Smarter) 11 It used to tell you the time Now it tells you what to do It used to remind you of someone close to your heart Now it reminds you to take care of your heart It used to just provide power Now it talks to your machines and tells you how much they are consuming They used to help you see clearly Now they help you to see more

12 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 The IoT Opportunity 12 Augmented Things Mobile devices “Thing Power Sense Connect Process Translate Source: ABI Research

13 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 New Things to Augment Life 13 Smart Car Reduce emissions Increase safety Save fuel Smart City Reduce traffic congestion Better use of resources Improve security Smart Me Fitness & Wellness Help to lead healthier lives Optimize sports performance Early warning of illness Smart Home Make entertainment more interactive and immersive Increase comfort Save energy Smart Me Healthcare Empower patients Help physicians monitor and diagnose remotely

14 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Expanding to Make Things Smarter Beyond the Smartphone 14 Smart Home Smart CarSmart City Wearable

15 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Wearables – the First Wave of the IoT Why do wearable devices take off? They address real needs Build upon the cellular infrastructure of the smartphone – providing local and Internet connectivity as well as the screen and interface capabilities Based on a existing connectivity standards lower entry barrier than most consumers High volume of tiny components allows to drop cost and size 15 Sources: Strategy Analytics, ABI

16 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 WearablesWearables [6 min] 16 Smart Watch Accessories Activity MonitorHeart MonitorSports Glasses & Goggles Leading a peculiar product-mix MEMS & sensors for consumer & mobile 32-bit low power MCUs Complementary Power management and connectivity solutions Broad market coverage Systems approach

17 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Smart HomeSmart Home [1m30’] 17 Intelligent Locks Home Gateway OTT boxes-dongles Smart Appliances Toys & Games Smart Control Sensors, intelligence and connectivity being added to many devices at home Proximity sensor integrated in robot cleaner Smart energy meters on any appliance Environment sensors for comfort and security Ambient assistance, ice.dot (fall detection and emergency call) Gesture recognition for serious and fan IoT domestic wall

18 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Smart Systems have the ingredients to enable IoT A unique portfolio with all the key technologies & products Sensors-to-cloud value chain Broad ecosystem, HW & SW Digital-security technologies Semiconductor technologies and high-volume production capabilities Augmented Things in the IoT 18 Smart Energy management Sensors Ultra-low power connectivity ULP Microcontrollers & Memories Analog and mixed signal components

19 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 ST enables the Smart Systems Integration 19 Ultra-low power connectivity Sensors Analog and mixed signal components Security ULP Microcontrollers & Memories Software Smart Energy Management

20 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Leading Positions in the Key Building Blocks 20 ENVIRONMENTALMOTIONACTUATORSTOUCHACOUSTIC MEMS & Sensors General-Purpose Microcontrollers Leadership in RF EEPROM Near-Field-Communication compliant Memories Secure MCU Leadership in 32-bit architecture based on Cortex-M™ platform Leadership in 32-bit architecture based on Secure Cortex™- SCxxx platform Main Controller Sensor Hub Dynamic NFC / RFID tags SWP NFC Controller SWP SIM Card Embedded Secure Element Sensor Hub ULP Microcontrollers & Memories Number 2 in MCU (GP + Secure) Number 1 in consumers MEMS and Micro-actuators ANALOG

21 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Connectivity 21 Ultra low-power Bluetooth connectivity solution Master and Slave Single Mode BLE (4.0) Network Processor. On chip non-volatile Flash memory allows OTA BLE- stack upgrade. Stack qualified Plug-and-play WiFi modules Fully qualified and certified Easy entry to wireless for customers Spirit Transceiver for sub-1 GHz radios Very low power Flexible Multi-band transceiver Protocol stack Wireless M-BUS, 6LowPAN Ultra-low power Connectivity

22 Roberto Zafalon – 25 September 2014 EPoSS Forum 2014 Conclusions The IoT has the potential to connect tens of billions of objects to internet generating demand for sensors, microcontrollers, data connectivity and energy management. ST has all the ingredients for the IoT/Wearables and is winning today in the first high volume markets that have emerged. In 10 years the internet technology will become invisible; completely integrated into our everyday lives in a way that is much less intrusive and with a truly human interface. 22


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