# Lecture L3.3. The Academy of Wisdom and Enlightenment (AWE) Macroscopic & Microscopic Concepts www.AWE-edu.com Feb 23, 2013L3.3 Macro & Micro Concepts.

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Lecture L3.3. The Academy of Wisdom and Enlightenment (AWE) Macroscopic & Microscopic Concepts www.AWE-edu.com Feb 23, 2013L3.3 Macro & Micro Concepts

. Seeing the World Through Lens To The 10 th Power From Macroscopic to Microscopic The 10 th Power

Starting from 10 0 (That is one meter), we shall increase our distance by the power of 10, from 10 1 (10 meter), 10 2 (10x10 = 100 meter), 10 3 (10x10x10 = 1,000 meter), 10 4 (10x10x10x10 = 10,000 meter) and so on, until we reach cosmic macroscopic infinity. From our starting point, we shall travel upward quickly with a speed increasing by 10 to the positive power, stop and then move oppositely with a speed increasing by 10 to the negative power, until we finally reach a magical microscopic world. Please carefully observe the First Law of Thermodynamics, please also contemplate as humans how much more we need to learn about our universe... Let’s buckle up!

In the garden, view of a leaf from 1 meter distance 10 0 1 m Zoom out

At 10 meters high, we see a cluster of vegetation 10 1 10 m Zoom out higher

At this altitude, we see borders of the vegetation and a school 10 2 100 m Zoom out higher and higher

We now switch from meter to kilometer We will probably need parachutes from this altitude... 10 3 1 km Zoom out higher, higher…

View of a entire city at this altitude, however, we are no longer able to see individual buildings. 10 4 10 km Zoom out until view of city

View of Florida state of USA at this altitude 10 5 100 km Now state of Florida

This is a typical satellite view of the state of Florida. 10 6 1,000 km Satellite view

Parts of the Northern and Southern Hemisphere 10 7 10,000 km Northern and Southern Hemisphere

At this moment, the Earth is getting smaller and smaller... 10 8 100,000 km Earth getting smaller

Orbit of the Moon around the Earth is represented by the white circle 10 9 1 million km Moon’s Orbit

Orbit of the Earth is represente d by the blue arc 10 10 million km Earth’s Orbit

10 11 100 million km Orbit of Venus is represented by the green arc and orbit of the Earth is represented by the blue arc Venus and Earth

Mercury,Venus, Earth and Jupiter’s orbits 10 12 1 billion km The other Orbits

From this altitude,we can see the solar system and the orbits of the nine planets 10 13 10 billion km The solar system…

10 14 100 billion km The solar system looks smaller from this altitude 10 to the power of 14

Now, the solar system looks just like one of the stars 10 15 100 billion km Solar system looks like a star

From the distance of one light year, the solar system looks very tiny 10 1 6 1 light year Solar system hard to see

From this infinitude, we cannot even see the solar system 10 17 10 light years Solar system not seen

“There is nothing” all we can see is stars and nebula 10 18 100 light years Stars and nebula

10 19 1,000 light years At this distance, we are now travelling in the Milky Way The Milky Way

We continue to tour the Milky Way 10 20 10,000 light years The Milky Way Tour

We are now at the periphery of the Milky Way 10 21 100,000 light years Outskirts of Milky Way

From this far distance, we can see not only the milky way, but also other galaxies 10 22 1 million light years Other Galaxies

At this distance, all the galaxies seem small and far from each other. Every part of the universe is governed by the same physical laws. We can continue to travel with our imaginations, but right now, let us hurry home 10 23 10 million light years Universe and galaxies

From this far distance, we can see not only the milky way, but also other galaxies 10 22 1 million light years Other Galaxies

We are now at the periphery of the Milky Way 10 21 100,000 light years Outskirts of Milky Way

We continue to tour the Milky Way 10 20 10,000 light years The Milky Way Tour

10 19 1,000 light years At this distance, We are now travelling in the Milky Way The Milky Way

“There is nothing” All we can see is stars and nebula 10 18 100 light years Stars and nebula

From this infinitude, we cannot even see the solar system 10 17 10 light years Solar system not seen

From the distance of one light year, the solar system looks very tiny 10 1 6 1 light year Solar system hard to see

Now, the solar system looks just like one of the stars 10 15 100 billion km Solar system looks like a star

10 14 100 billion km The solar system looks smaller from this altitude 10 to the power of 14

From this altitude,we can see the solar system and the orbits of the nine planets 10 13 10 billion km The solar system…

Mercury, Venus, Earth and Jupiter’s orbits 10 12 1 billion km The other Orbits

10 11 100 million km Orbit of Venus is represented by the green arc and orbit of the Earth is represented by the blue arc. Venus and Earth

Orbit of the Earth is represente d by the blue arc. 10 10 million km Earth’s Orbit

Orbit of the Moon around the Earth is represented by the white circle. 10 9 1 million km Moon’s Orbit

At this moment, the Earth is getting smaller and smaller... 10 8 100,000 km Earth getting bigger

Parts of the Northern and Southern Hemisphere. 10 7 10,000 km Northern and Southern Hemisphere

This is a typical satellite view of the state of Florida. 10 6 1,000 km Satellite view

View of Florida state of USA at this altitude. 10 5 100 km Now state of Florida

10 4 Questions we ask ourselves.. Who are we? Where are we from? Where are we going? Questions?

10 3 Or…What do we amount to in this universe? Our value

10 2 During this travel, “Keep going up” took us as far as 10 23 Down to10 2

10 1 Now, we are turning to another direction to look down and inwards... Turn around

Now we have returned to the starting point of this trip, and this distance is within reach of our arm... 10 0 Back to point A

We are closing in to a distance of 10 cm, and now we can describe what a leaf looks like. 10 -1 10 cm Learning & Thinking

From this distance we can observe the fine structures of a leaf. 10 -2 1 cm Zoom in at a closer look

The cellular structure of the leaf tissue begins to appear. 10 -3 1 mm Cellular structure

Cells can be seen clearly. You can observe how cells are architecture d together. 10 -4 100 micro Micro view of cells

Our journey is entering inside the cell… 10 -5 10 micron Cells

Cell nucleus can be seen now 10 -6 1 micron Cell Nucleus

We alter the measure unit again to observe more tiny objects Now you can see the chromosome of cells. 10 -7 1,000 angstrom (Å) (parts per hundred million cm) Chromosome

Under this microscopi c view, we are able to see the DNA double helix chains 10 -8 100 Å The DNA

We see the DNA chain is made up of nucleotide molecules joint together…let us go inside a molecule 10 -9 10 Å DNA chains

Looking at the electrons clouds of a carbon atoms (that make up all living things on earth). You will see that the microscopic view looks very similar to the macroscopic universe. 10 -10 1 Å Similarity of macro/micro view

10 -11 10 picometer In this atomic world, we see electrons circulating around the atomic nucleus, made up of protons & neutrons Atomic nucleus

Seems to be an infinite amount of space between the electron orbit and the nucleus... 10 -12 1 picometer Infinite space

Under this unbelievable microscopic view, we can see the atomic nucleus... 10 -13 100 femtometer 1 picometer ＝ 1,000 femtometer Microscopic view

Finally, we can see the carbon atomic nucleus …let us go inside the nucleus 10 -14 10 femtometer Atomic nucleus

Now we enter the world of scientific imagination, face to face with the proton 10 -15 1 femtometer Nucleus to proton

Seeing the Quark Particle that make up the proton. We cannot get any closer. We have reached the limit of modern science, the boundaries of our current understanding of our physical universe 10 -16 100 Atómeters Learning & Thinking

So think about it, are you the center of the universe? Are you a special creation amongst the billions of other creations in the world? What exist outside of our boundary? Is there any boundary? Think about it, if we go “down”, we can only go as small as 10 -16, and reach the limit (or at least to the limit that is defined by Modern Science). However, if we go “up”, we can only go as far as 10 23. Yet, we can follow our imagination and continue our journey as far as we want. So, who can say we are living alone in this universe? Learning & Thinking

Assignments 1.Which number is bigger? The last number from the Avatamsaka Sūtra 74436767763955288882613195375699 296257 or the last number from the modern USA and Modern British scheme 10 303 2.how many log 10 did we venture from the tiniest to the largest magnifications? 3.Think of some examples when huge numbers are useful

Space and I Lift up your spirit http://dingo.care2.com/cards/flash/5409/g alaxy.swf The scale of The Universe http://htwins.net/scale2/ Feb 23, 2013L3.3 Macro & Micro Concepts

Buddhism in Modern Language with Pho-Hien Temple & AWE FIN Thank You www.AWE-edu.com Feb 23, 2013L3.3 Macro & Micro Concepts

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