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Are Natural Disasters Acts of God? PART TWO. Floods one of the world’s main killers Natural disasters.

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Presentation on theme: "Are Natural Disasters Acts of God? PART TWO. Floods one of the world’s main killers Natural disasters."— Presentation transcript:

1 Are Natural Disasters Acts of God? PART TWO

2 Floods one of the world’s main killers Natural disasters

3 Cyclone Bhola 12 November 1970 > 500,000 people died

4 Cyclone Sidre 15 Nov 2007 Peak wind 260 km/hr Damage $1.7 b (2009 value) >3,447 died TDTD TSTS Hurricane scale

5 Cyclone Sidre 15 Nov 2007 Compared to % of deaths saved by cyclone shelters and early warnings

6 Global warming causes more extreme weather events: floods and droughts Natural disasters

7 Global climate change causes more extreme weather events: floods and droughts Natural disasters

8 ‘failure of the New Orleans Flood Defense System was a predictable, predicted, and preventable catastrophe … it did not result from an act of “God”. It resulted from acts of “People.”’

9 Famines Natural disasters

10 Ukraine famine of 1932–33 3–5 million deaths as a result of Stalin’s rural collectivization policies China 1958–61 20–40 million deaths as a result of Mao Tse-tung’s ‘Great Leap Forward’

11 Percentage of population undernourished ~70 million died from famine in 20 th century 6 million children under 5 years old die per year of malnutrition 1 billion people obese; 850 million malnourished

12 Theological issues Scientific issues Natural disasters

13 Lisbon - All Saints Day: 1st November 1755 Wood engraving 1887

14 Lisbon - All Saints Day: 1st November 1755 Illustration from religious book titled ‘Earthquakes due to wrath of God’

15 Lisbon - All Saints Day: 1st November 1755 Copper engraving, France

16 John Wesley, Serious thoughts occasioned by the late earthquake in Lisbon What is nature itself, but the art of God, or God’s method of acting in the material world? Augustine Nature is what God does

17 You turn things upside down, as if the potter were thought to be like the clay! Shall what is formed say to him who formed it, "He did not make me"? Can the pot say of the potter, "He knows nothing"? Isaiah 29:16

18 ‘From everyone who has been given much, much will be demanded; and from the one who has been entrusted with much, much more will be asked’ (Luke 12:48) Natural disasters

19 God is sovereign Natural disasters Humans have free-will

20 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth Gen 1:1 Through him [Jesus] all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. John 1:3 God created the universe

21 v4 God saw that the light was good God’s creation is good v21 And God saw that it was good v31 God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. v25 And God saw that it was good v18 And God saw that it was good v12 And God saw that it was good v10 And God saw that it was good Genesis chapter 1

22 The Son [Jesus] is the radiance of God's glory …. sustaining all things by his powerful word. Heb 1:3 For by him [Jesus] all things were created … and in him all things hold together. Col 1:16-17 God sustains the universe

23 Joseph Natural disasters Job Jesus

24 “Here comes that dreamer!” [Joseph’s brothers] said to each other. “Come now, let’s kill him and throw him into one of these cisterns and say that a ferocious animal devoured him. Then we’ll see what comes of his dreams.” Gen 37:19-20 Joseph being taken out of the cistern San Marco mosaic, Venice

25 ‘And now do not be distressed, or angry with yourselves, because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life. For the famine has been in the land these two years; and there are five more years in which there will be neither ploughing nor harvest. God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors. So it was not you who sent me here, but God’ (Genesis 45:5 ‒ 8 )

26 ‘And now do not be distressed, or angry with yourselves, because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life. For the famine has been in the land these two years; and there are five more years in which there will be neither ploughing nor harvest. God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors. So it was not you who sent me here, but God’ (Genesis 45:5 ‒ 8 )

27 ‘And now do not be distressed, or angry with yourselves, because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life. For the famine has been in the land these two years; and there are five more years in which there will be neither ploughing nor harvest. God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors. So it was not you who sent me here, but God’ (Genesis 45:5 ‒ 8 )

28 ‘And now do not be distressed, or angry with yourselves, because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life. For the famine has been in the land these two years; and there are five more years in which there will be neither ploughing nor harvest. God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors. So it was not you who sent me here, but God’ (Genesis 45:5 ‒ 8 )

29 Joseph said to them ‘As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good, to bring it about that many people should be kept alive, as they are today.’ Gen 50:19-20

30 Joseph Natural disasters Job Jesus

31 There was a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job, and that man was blameless and upright, one who feared God and turned away from evil. Job 1.1 And the LORD said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil?” Job 1.8 And the LORD said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil? He still holds fast his integrity” Job 2.3

32 Job: 6 th - 7 th century Bible, northern Mesopotamia

33 God’s speech to Job: Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell me, if you have understanding. Who determined its measurements—surely you know! or who stretched the line upon it? On what were its bases sunk, or who laid its cornerstone, when the morning stars sang together? Job 38: 4-7 Oldest known galaxy: 13.1 Ga old

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35 When he raises himself up the mighty are afraid; at the crashing they are beside themselves. Though the sword reaches him, it does not avail, nor the spear, the dart, or the javelin. He counts iron as straw, and bronze as rotten wood. The arrow cannot make him flee; for him sling stones are turned to stubble. Clubs are counted as stubble; he laughs at the rattle of javelins. Job 41: 25-29

36 “Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook or press down his tongue with a cord? Can you put a rope in his nose or pierce his jaw with a hook? Will you play with him as with a bird, or will you put him on a leash for your girls?” Job 41: 1-2 & 5

37 No one is so fierce that he dares to stir him up. Who then is he who can stand before me? Job 41: 10

38 Then Job answered the LORD : “I know that you can do all things, and that no purpose of yours can be thwarted. … Therefore I have uttered what I did not understand, things too wonderful for me, which I did not know.” Job 42:2 & 6 ‘Job and his friends’ by Gustave Dore

39 Joseph Natural disasters Job Jesus

40 [Jesus said] “those eighteen on whom the tower in Siloam fell and killed them: do you think that they were worse offenders than all the others who lived in Jerusalem? No, I tell you; but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish.” Luke 13:4-5

41 The devout are taken away, and no one understands that the righteous are taken away to be spared from evil. Those who walk uprightly enter into peace; they find rest as they lie in death. Is 57:1-2

42 God is sovereign Natural disasters Humans have free-will Hope for the future

43 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, … And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, "Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away." He who was seated on the throne said, "I am making everything new!" Revelation 21:1-4 ‘Cross in the mountains’ (TheTetschenAltar) by Caspar David Friedrich (1774–1840).

44 Handel Messiah 1741 I know that my Redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth. And though worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh I shall see God. (Job ‒ 26) For now is Christ risen from the dead, the first-fruits of them that sleep. (1 Corinthians 15.20)

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