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Are Natural Disasters Acts of God? PART TWO Apollo 8 image 1968.

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Presentation on theme: "Are Natural Disasters Acts of God? PART TWO Apollo 8 image 1968."— Presentation transcript:

1 Are Natural Disasters Acts of God? PART TWO Apollo 8 image 1968

2 Floods one of the world’s main killers Natural disasters
Apollo 8 image 1968

3 Cyclone Bhola 12 November 1970
> 500,000 people died

4 Cyclone Sidre 15 Nov 2007 Peak wind 260 km/hr
Hurricane scale Peak wind 260 km/hr Damage $1.7 b (2009 value) >3,447 died TD TS 1 2 3 4 5

5 99.8% of deaths saved by cyclone shelters and early warnings
Cyclone Sidre 15 Nov 2007 Compared to 1970 99.8% of deaths saved by cyclone shelters and early warnings Cyclone side 14 nov 2007

6 Global warming causes more extreme weather events: floods and droughts
Natural disasters Global warming causes more extreme weather events: floods and droughts Apollo 8 image 1968

7 Global climate change causes more
Natural disasters Global climate change causes more extreme weather events: floods and droughts Apollo 8 image 1968

8 ‘failure of the New Orleans Flood Defense System was a predictable, predicted, and preventable catastrophe … it did not result from an act of “God”. It resulted from acts of “People.”’

9 Natural disasters Famines Apollo 8 image 1968

10 Ukraine famine of 1932–33 3–5 million deaths as a result of Stalin’s rural collectivization policies China 1958–61 20–40 million deaths as a result of Mao Tse-tung’s ‘Great Leap Forward’ Ukraine famine KIEV, Ukraine -- Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko has called on the international community to recognise the 1930s Great Famine as Soviet-enforced genocide. One third of the Ukrainians who starved to death, were children "The world must know about this tragedy," he said, at the opening of an exhibition dedicated to famine victims. Millions of Ukrainians starved to death in as USSR leader Joseph Stalin stripped them of their produce in a forced farm collectivisation campaign. A small number of nations have already recognised the famine as genocide. Ukraine has designated 26 November as an official day of remembrance for victims of "Holodomor" - meaning murder by hunger - and other political crackdowns. There are plans to mark the anniversary this Saturday by lighting 33,000 candles - representing the number of people thought to have been dying every day at the height of the famine. The true scale of the disaster was concealed by the Soviet Union, and only came to light after Ukrainian independence in Cannibalism is reported to have become rife as a whole nation starved. The tragedy should "become a lesson for our nation as well as for the whole world", Mr Yushchenko said on Friday. In 2003, marking the 70th anniversary of the famine, the UN said the famine "ranks with the worst atrocities of our time" and a national tragedy - but left out any reference to genocide. Russia opposed Roman Serbyn, professor of history and a Ukrainian expert at the University of Quebec in Montreal, says: "Ukraine did not make a technically clear case." Farmers' produce was forcefully collected by the state He believes the "genocide" designation has proved elusive because the famine is often considered to have been aimed at a social group (peasants) rather than a national or ethnic group. However, a strong case can be put showing that by closing the borders so Ukrainians could not escape to Russia, Stalin was targeting Ukrainian nationals, he says. Russia opposes designation as genocide, he says, and "the biggest reason is national pride. But also the political and economic consequences... if you recognise a crime you might have to pay compensation".

11 Percentage of population undernourished
~70 million died from famine in 20th century 6 million children under 5 years old die per year of malnutrition 1 billion people obese; 850 million malnourished English: List of countries by percentile of population suffering from undernourishment. Made by en:User:Lobizón, using Wikipedia's "map of the world" template, and information from the United Nations World Food Programme and the FAO "The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2006" report. Sources: United Nations World Food Programme's interactive "hunger map": FAO: The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2006: When the two sources contradicted each other, the FAO report was given priority, as it is the one with the most recent data. ( )

12 Scientific issues Theological issues Natural disasters
Apollo 8 image 1968

13 Lisbon - All Saints Day: 1st November 1755
Description: Dramatic depiction of Lisbon along the bank of the Tagus River from east to west: houses exploding into fire, turbulent water, sinking ship, people fleeing. (Wood engraving, 1887) Wood engraving 1887 Lisbon - All Saints Day: 1st November 1755

14 Lisbon - All Saints Day: 1st November 1755
Earthquakes due to wrath of God reator(s): Date: Source: White, James. Slavný príchod Kristuv [trans. of His glorious appearing]. Hamburg: Mezinárodní Traktátni Spolecnost, Private collection. Location: EUROPE/Western Europe/Portugal Earthquake: Lisbon, Portugal earthquake, Nov. 1, 1755 Magnitude: 8.6 Description: Illustration from religious book. Natural disasters are interpreted as punishment from God. (Lisbon, Portugal) Illustration from religious book titled ‘Earthquakes due to wrath of God’ Lisbon - All Saints Day: 1st November 1755

15 Lisbon - All Saints Day: 1st November 1755
Copper engraving, France Lisbon - All Saints Day: 1st November 1755

16 What is nature itself, but the art of God, or God’s method of acting
John Wesley, Serious thoughts occasioned by the late earthquake in Lisbon What is nature itself, but the art of God, or God’s method of acting in the material world? Augustine Nature is what God does View of Lisbon with very rough water in the foreground (probably the Tagus River), caused by the earthquake. (Copper engraving, France,) (Lisbon, Portugal)

17 You turn things upside down, as if the potter were thought to be like the clay!
 Shall what is formed say to him who formed it,    "He did not make me"? Can the pot say of the potter,   "He knows nothing"? Isaiah 29:16

18 Natural disasters ‘From everyone who has been given much, much will be demanded; and from the one who has been entrusted with much, much more will be asked’ (Luke 12:48) Apollo 8 image 1968

19 God is sovereign Humans have free-will Natural disasters
Apollo 8 image 1968

20 God created the universe
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth Gen 1:1 Through him [Jesus] all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. John 1:3 Apollo 8 image 1968

21 God’s creation is good Genesis chapter 1
v4 God saw that the light was good v10 And God saw that it was good v12 And God saw that it was good v18 And God saw that it was good v21 And God saw that it was good Apollo 8 image 1968 v25 And God saw that it was good v31 God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. Genesis chapter 1

22 God sustains the universe
The Son [Jesus] is the radiance of God's glory …. sustaining all things by his powerful word. Heb 1:3 For by him [Jesus] all things were created … and in him all things hold together. Col 1:16-17 Apollo 8 image 1968

23 Natural disasters Joseph Job Jesus Apollo 8 image 1968

24 “Here comes that dreamer. ” [Joseph’s brothers] said to each other
“Here comes that dreamer!” [Joseph’s brothers] said to each other. “Come now, let’s kill him and throw him into one of these cisterns and say that a ferocious animal devoured him. Then we’ll see what comes of his dreams.” Gen 37:19-20 Joseph being taken out of the cistern San Marco mosaic, Venice

25 ‘And now do not be distressed, or angry with yourselves, because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life. For the famine has been in the land these two years; and there are five more years in which there will be neither ploughing nor harvest. God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors. So it was not you who sent me here, but God’ (Genesis 45:5‒8)

26 ‘And now do not be distressed, or angry with yourselves, because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life. For the famine has been in the land these two years; and there are five more years in which there will be neither ploughing nor harvest. God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors. So it was not you who sent me here, but God’ (Genesis 45:5‒8)

27 ‘And now do not be distressed, or angry with yourselves, because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life. For the famine has been in the land these two years; and there are five more years in which there will be neither ploughing nor harvest. God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors. So it was not you who sent me here, but God’ (Genesis 45:5‒8)

28 ‘And now do not be distressed, or angry with yourselves, because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life. For the famine has been in the land these two years; and there are five more years in which there will be neither ploughing nor harvest. God sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors. So it was not you who sent me here, but God’ (Genesis 45:5‒8)

29 Joseph said to them ‘As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good, to bring it about that many people should be kept alive, as they are today.’ Gen 50:19-20

30 Natural disasters Joseph Job Jesus Apollo 8 image 1968

31 There was a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job, and that man was blameless and upright, one who feared God and turned away from evil Job 1.1 And the LORD said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil?” Job 1.8 And the LORD said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, who fears God and turns away from evil? He still holds fast his integrity” Job 2.3

32 Job: 6th - 7th century Bible, northern Mesopotamia
Folio 46r from the Syriac Bible of Paris (Bibliothèque Nationale, MS syr. 341), Job 6th or 7th century Northern Mesopotamia wife, 3 friends (one rends garment the other talks to him). Job on dung heap covered in sores. Job: 6th - 7th century Bible, northern Mesopotamia

33 Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?
Oldest known galaxy: 13.1 Ga old God’s speech to Job: Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell me, if you have understanding. Who determined its measurements—surely you know! or who stretched the line upon it? On what were its bases sunk, or who laid its cornerstone, when the morning stars sang together? Job 38: 4-7

34

35 When he raises himself up the mighty are afraid;
at the crashing they are beside themselves. Though the sword reaches him, it does not avail, nor the spear, the dart, or the javelin. He counts iron as straw, and bronze as rotten wood. The arrow cannot make him flee; for him sling stones are turned to stubble. Clubs are counted as stubble; he laughs at the rattle of javelins. Job 41: 25-29

36 “Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook
or press down his tongue with a cord? Can you put a rope in his nose or pierce his jaw with a hook? Will you play with him as with a bird, or will you put him on a leash for your girls?” Job 41: 1-2 & 5

37 No one is so fierce that he dares to stir him up.
Who then is he who can stand before me? Job 41: 10

38 Then Job answered the LORD :
“I know that you can do all things, and that no purpose of yours can be thwarted. … Therefore I have uttered what I did not understand, things too wonderful for me, which I did not know.” Job 42:2 & 6 ‘Job and his friends’ by Gustave Dore

39 Natural disasters Joseph Job Jesus Apollo 8 image 1968

40 [Jesus said] “those eighteen on whom the tower in Siloam fell and killed them: do you think that they were worse offenders than all the others who lived in Jerusalem? No, I tell you; but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish.” Luke 13:4-5 Tower of siloam James Tissot, painted watercolour over graphite

41 The devout are taken away, and no one understands that the righteous are taken away
to be spared from evil. Those who walk uprightly enter into peace; they find rest as they lie in death. Is 57:1-2 Apollo 8 image 1968

42 God is sovereign Humans have free-will Hope for the future
Natural disasters God is sovereign Humans have free-will Hope for the future Apollo 8 image 1968

43 He who was seated on the throne said, "I am making everything new!"
Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, … And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, "Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away." He who was seated on the throne said, "I am making everything new!" Revelation 21:1-4 ‘Cross in the mountains’ (TheTetschenAltar) by Caspar David Friedrich (1774–1840).

44 I know that my Redeemer liveth,
and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth. And though worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh I shall see God (Job 19.25‒26) For now is Christ risen from the dead, the first-fruits of them that sleep (1 Corinthians 15.20) Handel Messiah 1741

45 Apollo 8 image 1968


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