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Contexts > Rockets > Rockets and space Saturn V Pronounced ‘Saturn five’. NASA, USA. Saturn rockets launched Apollo missions to Moon, 1968 to 1972. Apollo 11 mission launched on 16 July 1969. Height = 110 m (longer than a rugby field, nearly as tall as the Auckland sky tower). This image is the Apollo 15 launch on 26 July 1971. NASA © Copyright. 2011. University of Waikato. All rights reserved. | www.sciencelearn.org.nzwww.sciencelearn.org.nz
Contexts > Rockets > Rockets and space Titan Centaur NASA, USA. Titan Centaur rockets were used to launch the two Voyager probes in 1977. Height 48 m. Voyager probes 1 and 2 Mass 721.9 kg. Flyby of Jupiter in 1979. Flyby of Saturn in 1980. Voyager 1 most distant human-made object in space (17 734 600 000 km or 118 AU as at 23 September 2011). Both continue to send/receive signals as they travel into interstellar space. NASA-MSFC NASA © Copyright. 2011. University of Waikato. All rights reserved. | www.sciencelearn.org.nzwww.sciencelearn.org.nz
Contexts > Rockets > Rockets and space Space Shuttle NASA, USA. 135 flights, 1981 to 2011. Height = 56 m at launch. Carries people and objects such as satellites into Earth orbit. Used to build and transport to the International Space Station. Has two solid rocket boosters that separate after 2 minutes. The big external tank continues to supply propellant to the three main engines on the Space Shuttle orbiter for another 6 minutes. ePower-Propulsion NASA © Copyright. 2011. University of Waikato. All rights reserved. | www.sciencelearn.org.nzwww.sciencelearn.org.nz
Contexts > Rockets > Rockets and space Soyuz-FG Russia. Launches satellites into orbit. Missions to the International Space Station. Height = 49.5 m. This image is of the TMA-13 mission carrying supplies and three crew to the International Space Station in 2008. NASA/Bill Ingalls © Copyright. 2011. University of Waikato. All rights reserved. | www.sciencelearn.org.nzwww.sciencelearn.org.nz
Contexts > Rockets > Rockets and space International Space Station NASA The International Space Station (ISS) is the size of a rugby field. Astronauts live on board for up to 6 months at a time. Huge solar panels generate energy from the Sun. Altitude is 360 kilometres above the Earth’s surface. Orbital speed of 28 000 kilometres per hour. It takes 90 minutes to go around the Earth once. Astronauts experience 16 day/night cycles every 24 hours! NASA © Copyright. 2011. University of Waikato. All rights reserved. | www.sciencelearn.org.nzwww.sciencelearn.org.nz
Contexts > Rockets > Rockets and space the thickness of the atmosphere? the distance to the International Space Station? the diameter of the Moon? the distance to the Moon? the diameter of the Sun? the distance to the Sun? Scale model distances If the Earth was just 10 cm diameter, what would be: NASA © Copyright. 2011. University of Waikato. All rights reserved. | www.sciencelearn.org.nzwww.sciencelearn.org.nz
Contexts > Rockets > Rockets and space Scale model distances ObjectReal distance (km)Scale model Diameter of Earth 12 756 10 cm Thickness of 99% of Earth’s atmosphere 31 0.2 mm Official start of space 100 0.8 mm Altitude of the International Space Station 360 2.8 mm Diameter of the Moon 3 475 2.7 cm Distance to the Moon 385 000 3.0 m Diameter of the Sun 1 392 000 10.9 m Distance to the Sun from Earth 150 000 000 1.2 km © Copyright. 2011. University of Waikato. All rights reserved. | www.sciencelearn.org.nzwww.sciencelearn.org.nz
Contexts > Rockets > Rockets and space Questions to consider What makes a rocket start moving? What keeps a rocket moving once the rocket engines have finished? Why do some rockets stay in space and some fall back to the Earth? Has New Zealand launched any rockets to reach space? What countries have launched rockets into space? What are some of your favourite images from space (e.g. Hubble Space Telescope images? What are some of NASA’s current and future missions? © Copyright. 2011. University of Waikato. All rights reserved. | www.sciencelearn.org.nzwww.sciencelearn.org.nz
The Science Learning Hub would like to thank NASA and ePower-Propulsion for the use of their images for this activity Contexts > Rockets > Rockets and space © Copyright. 2011. University of Waikato. All rights reserved. | www.sciencelearn.org.nzwww.sciencelearn.org.nz
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