2 Warm Up 3.3 & 3.4Read pages EE 10 – EE 11 in your Ever Changing Earth Book. Take notes and be prepared to discuss on Java, Indonesia.
3 Java, Indonesia Facts Location : Southeast Asia 13th largest island in the world, 5th largest in IndonesiaPopulation: 141 millionAlmost entirely volcanic origin, contains 45 active volcanoesNatural environment: tropical rainforestHighest Elevation: 12,060 feetMost recent eruption: February 14th, 2014
4 VocabularyVolcano: A vent in the surface of earth through which magma and associated gases and ash eruptEarthquake: a sudden motion or trembling in Earth caused by the abrupt release of slowly accumulated strainGeology: The study of planet Earth: the materials of which it is made, the processes that act on these materials, the products formed, and the history of the planet and all its forms since its origin.Earth structure: a definable shape formed by geologic activityGeologist a person who is trained in and works in any of the geologic sciences.
5 Warm Up 3.5 & 3.6Read EE 14 & EE 15 on the Hawaiian Islands. Take notes while reading and be prepared to discuss what you learned.
6 Hawaiian Island factsLocation: Southwest United States, made up of 8 islands50th of all the statesNatural environment: TropicalPopulation: millionHighest elevation: 13,796 ftNumber of volcanos: 12 but there are many others in the oceanMost recent eruption: March 5th, 2011Home to Mt. Kilauea , the largest volcano on earth which rises 25 miles above sea level
7 Vocabulary ReviewTopographic map: a map showing the natural and human- made configuration of a land surface, and other features of the land surface, commonly by use of contour lines, colors and symbolsLatitude: a north-south measure of a point on earth’s surface relative to the equatorLongitude: the east-west position of a point on the earth’s surface, relative to the Prime Meridian
8 Think about the structure of the Earth Get started:With a partner, you will be assigned one of the geologic events pictured on pages 61 & 62 and answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper to turn in.What changes occurred in the area you selected? Changes might be large or small. You might notice the size, shape or position of parts of the area may have changed. Describe each of these changesWhat evidence do you see in the photographs that might indicate earth’s surface is not one continuous piece?** You and your partner will be graded on your answers so you must be VERY DETAILED!
9 ConferenceNow meet with other people who observed the same picture as you do. Share what you observed.Take notes on your group discussion on the sheet of paper to be turned in.
10 Warm Up 3.7 & 3.10Read pages EE16-EE17 on Iceland. Take notes while reading and be prepared to share facts that you learned about Iceland in a discussion!
11 Iceland Facts Location: South of the Arctic Circle, near Europe Population: 322,000 peopleNatural Environment: sub polar oceanic, highly volcanic34 Volcanoes, some active, some inactiveMost recent eruption was May 22nd -25th of Grimsvotn
12 2.2 Vocabulary Crust: the outermost layer of earth, composed of rock. Plates: sheets of rock that include part of Earth’s crustPlate tectonics: the theory that Earth’s crust is divided into a number of plates, and the study of how the plates move and interact with one anotherMantle: the zone of earth beneath the crust and above the core. It is divided into the upper mantle and the lower mantleCore: the central part of Earth made of iron and nickel. It consists of a liquid outer core and solid inner core.
14 Stop and ThinkRead Benny’s letter on page EE65 and answer the stop and think questions 1-5 on page EE 66.Answer in complete sentencesFinish with reading ‘What’s the point?’
15 BrainstormThink of a better way to represent the Earth’s structure than Benny’s Egg model. Be descriptive and explain what each layer would be.Write a letter back to Benny describing the earth layers in your model.
16 Warm Up 3.11 & 3.12Read pages EE 20 & EE 21 on Mount Fuji. Take notes and be prepared to share what you learned in the class discussion.
17 Japan Facts Location: Island nation in East Asia Population: 126,659,000 people118 Volcanoes, makes up 10% of the worlds volcanoesBelongs to the Pacific Ring of FireMost recent explosion: March 11th, 2014
18 Vocabulary 2.4Composition: The parts, ingredients or elements that form a wholeDensity: the mass of quantity of a substance per unit volumeSeismology: The study of earth quakes and the structure of the earth, using information from seismic wavesSeismic wave: a general term for waves produced by earthquakes or artificially through explosions
19 Plate Boundaries the area along the edges of earth’s plates Some of the most geologically active parts of earth’s surfaceMost earthquakes, volcanoes, and mountain formations occur near plate boundaries
20 2.4 Vocabulary continuedFault: a fracture (break or crack) through rock, along which the masses of rock on either side of the fracture moveFold: a bend in rocksFault block mountain: mountains that form when one side of a fault is lifted above the other side
21 Crust Oceanic Continental: The part of earth’s crust that are under the oceanThese parts are the thinnestDensity of 3.0 g/cm3Continental:The part of earth’s crust that form the continentsThicker than oceanic crustLess dense than oceanic crustDensity of 2.7 g/cm3
23 Stop and Think Pg 79Answer the questions on page 79 in your notebook.
24 2.4 Vocabulary ContinuedLithosphere: the right outer layer of earth, made of the crust and the solid, uppermost part of the mantleAsthenosphere: a region of earth’s interior immediately below the lithosphere where mantle rocks are hot enough and under enough pressure to deform, change shape, and flowOuter core: the outer layer of earth’s core made of melted, liquid metal.Molten: made liquid by heatInner core: the inner layer of earth’s core believed to be made of solid iron and nickel
25 Warm Up 3.13 & 3.14Read Pages EE 26 – EE 27 on Tanzania. Take notes and be prepared to share during a class discussion.
26 Tanzania Facts A country in East Africa Population: 44 million people Has 9 volcanoes in Tanzania, Mt. Kilamanjaro being the largestMarch 11, 2008 (Ol Doinyo Lengai)Is a part of the Great African Rift Valley
27 QuizYou have five minutes to study for your quiz on Earth Layers. Sit quietly and study your earth diagram and Reading guide you did last class.
28 Density LabYou will be placed in groups of 4-6 students. Follow all directions for the lab and wear safety goggles while working on the activity. Fill out your density lab worksheet and answer questions 1-6 on the back to be turned in for a class grade. Each member of the group will have one job title. If anyone does not follow these guidelines, they will be asked not to participate.Group ManagerReaderSupplies gathererSafety coordinatorCleanup
29 Warm Up 3.17 & 3.18Explain why you think the Earth’s plates move and cause geologic activity? Answer in 2-3 COMPLETE sentences.
30 Lab QuestionsFinish answering questions 1-6 on pages 81 & 82 on your density lab. We will go over these in class. You will be turning in your lab worksheet for class grade so make sure they are complete sentences!
31 Earth SystemsAtmosphere: the part of Earth’s system made of the mixture of gases that surround Earth.Biosphere: The part of Earth’s system that includes all living organisms (animals and plants) and also dead and decaying plant matter.Includes parts of the lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere.Hydrosphere: the part of Earth’s system that includes all of the plant’s water, including oceans, lakes, rivers, ground water, ice and water vapor.Geosphere: The part of earth’s system that includes the crust, mantle, and inner and outer core.
32 Cracking UpRead the article ‘Cracking Up’ and answer the questions on the worksheet for a grade.
33 ReminderAll late work and retakes must be done by March 26th in order to be considered for a grade for 3rd quarter. Notebook checks will be next week! Make sure everything is glued or taped in!
34 Warm up 3.19 & 3.20Give one example of something that would be in each of the earth’s systems. Describe how they all interact with one another. Must answer in complete sentences!
35 Cracking UpIf you have not finished the ‘Cracking up’ reading and worksheet you have fifteen minutes to do so now. It must be turned in by the end of the class. It counts as a classwork grade.
36 Lab ActivityYou will work in partners with the person sitting next to you at your desk. You MUST follow the Procedure for this lab on page 93. You will be given a worksheet to fill out while doing this lab. When you have finished cleaning up after the lab answer REFLECT questions 1-3 on page 95. You can answer those questions on the back of the worksheet.