unity A landscape having all its elements and components associated well to denote a clear metaphor and/or an abundant culture meaning is called a high unity landscape. The higher the unity is, the clearer the landscape identity is. Normally if a landscape has a clear boundary with all components linked systematically with each other and with a clear pattern toward our senses, then it has a high unity.
Photographer: Jun-Chuang Lin
vividness Vividness of a landscape is high, when the landscape is in action. Landscape with high relief and/or on the transitional zone of different domains often shows dramatic geological and/or ecological processes in time and space.
Photographer: Shin Wang
diversity Diversity is a term borrowed from ecology. When the diversity of landscape is high, it often implies a high diversity in wildlife species, but not always the case. Natural history is the key factor in shaping the diversity. scarcity For the landscape which is scarce on the earth and has significant meaning for the culture and/or the nature, its scarcity is high.
integrity A beautiful landscape may be a complete demonstration of all complex natural and/or cultural interactions that we can find out in a given region. It, then, has relative high integrity and can be used as a showcase of the region. For constructing a geopark, such an aesthetic quality is a key factor for searching a place of litter disturbance with the consideration of the balance between economic development and environmental conservation. It is particularly important for an area, such as Penghu, where population and land use intensity are relatively high. A landscape of high integrity always means that the landscape preserves relative good record of local history of the nature and the culture.
north islands zone south islands zone main island zone Inner sea zone Hsiao-men-yu Tong-pan-yu Wang-an Ci-mei Ji-bei-yu Kuei-be-shan
What is hidden behind? Environmental knowledge Social consciousness Politic-economical controls
Geopark and management A designation for research and education A designation for protection A designation for avoiding conflicts A designation for getting the new meaning of the landscape But, as a tool, geopark is not everything
Environments under the politic-economic controls A construction of meaning A potential markets A continuous management A continuous dialogue with the environment around A reconstruction of administration culture and democracy
conclusion Incomplete methodology Toward a politic-economy of environmental management