Dallas ISD Science Department Which factor would most likely cause a communications satellite orbiting Earth to return to Earth from its orbit? F An increase in the satellite’s forward momentum G An increase in solar energy striking the satellite H A decrease in the satellite’s size J A decrease in the satellite’s velocity
Dallas ISD Science Department J A decrease in the satellite’s velocity
Dallas ISD Science Department The weight lifter used a force of 980 N to raise the barbell over her head in 5.21 seconds. Approximately how much work did she do in raising the barbell? F 380 J G 982 J H 2,000 J J 10,000 J
Dallas ISD Science Department A mechanic used a hydraulic lift to raise a 12,054 N car 1.89 m above the floor of a garage. It took 4.75 s to raise the car. What was the power output of the lift? A 489 W B 1815 W C 4796 W D 30,294 W
Dallas ISD Science Department These data were gathered by four groups of students. Each group performed four trials to determine the acceleration rate of a toy car. Which group had the most- consistent data? F Group Q G Group R H Group S J Group T
Dallas ISD Science Department The space shuttle orbits Earth at approximately 8000 m/s. The shuttle stays in orbit because the — A shuttle’s action is balanced by Earth’s equal and opposite reaction B combination of gravity and the shuttle’s inertia creates a curved path parallel to Earth’s surface C net gravitational force is zero at the shuttle’s distance from Earth’s center D force of Earth’s gravity pulls the shuttle downward and the force of the moon’s gravity pulls the shuttle upward
Dallas ISD Science Department B combination of gravity and the shuttle’s inertia creates a curved path parallel to Earth’s surface
Dallas ISD Science Department A catapult was designed to project a small metal ball at a target. The resulting data are shown in the table. Which of these might explain the difference between the calculated and actual distances? A The ball landed short of the calculated distance because of an increase in momentum. B Air resistance caused the ball to land short of the calculated distance. C Initial mass of the ball changed with each trial. D The metal ball was too small for accurate measurements to be made.
Dallas ISD Science Department B Air resistance caused the ball to land short of the calculated distance.
Dallas ISD Science Department The pitch of a sound made by plucking a guitar string is determined by the — A frequency of the vibration produced B strength of the plucking force C distance between the strings D shape of the guitar body
Dallas ISD Science Department A frequency of the vibration produced
Dallas ISD Science Department Which wave has the greatest velocity?
When trying to spear a fish in water, a person needs to take into account the way light bends as it moves from water into air. The bending of light as it passes from one medium into another is known as — F reflection G refraction H diffraction J polarization
Dallas ISD Science Department When white light passes through a triangular block of glass or a prism, the light that comes through is a rainbow of colored light: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet. The colors are the result of the refraction, or bending of the beam of white light, and provide evidence that white light is a combination of all the colors. The colors spread out into a spectrum or rainbow because the amount of refraction that occurs depends on the wavelength, and each color has a different wavelength. The wavelength of red is the longest, and the wavelength of violet is the shortest. The shorter the wavelength, the greater the amount of refraction. Thus, violet is refracted the most and red is refracted the least. Based on the statement above, what is the sequence of the colors yellow, violet, and red when they are arranged in increasing order of the amount of refraction each color undergoes when it passes through a prism? A. yellow, red, violet B. violet, yellow, red C. red, violet, yellow D. red, yellow, violet
Dallas ISD Science Department D. red, yellow, violet
Dallas ISD Science Department The reflection of waves from a surface follows which of the following rules? A.None of the energy carried by the wave is reflected. B.The angle of incidence is always normal to the surface. C.The angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection. D.Only light waves polarized in the horizontal direction are reflected.
Dallas ISD Science Department C. The angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection.
Dallas ISD Science Department The moon’s surface becomes hot during the long lunar day because the sun transfers heat to the moon. This heat transfer is accomplished almost entirely through the process of — F convection G refraction H conduction J radiation
Dallas ISD Science Department Battery-powered cars produce less air pollution than gasoline-powered cars. However, one environmental concern of using battery-powered cars is that batteries — A are heavier than gasoline engines B waste more energy than gasoline engines C contain toxic substances that are difficult to dispose of D produce direct current rather than alternating current
Dallas ISD Science Department C contain toxic substances that are difficult to dispose of
Dallas ISD Science Department Assuming the chart contains all energy transformations in the Earth system, how much solar radiation goes toward evaporating water? F 40,000 terajoules G 92,410 terajoules H 121,410 terajoules J 133,410 terajoules
Dallas ISD Science Department F 40,000 terajoules
Dallas ISD Science Department In which container is the substance unable to transfer heat by convection?
Dallas ISD Science Department C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O Glucose OxygenCarbonWater dioxide 3000 kJ 300 kJ200 kJ150 kJ Why is the sum of the products’ energy in this reaction less than the sum of the reactants’ energy? A Energy is given off as heat. B The products absorb available energy. C Energy is trapped in the reactants. D The reactants’ energy is less than the melting point of glucose.
Dallas ISD Science Department A Energy is given off as heat.