Presentation on theme: "Exploring Earth’s Surface Topography and Earth’s Four Spheres."— Presentation transcript:
Exploring Earth’s Surface Topography and Earth’s Four Spheres
I. Topography is the shape of the land Flat Sloping Hilly or Mountainous It may be:
A. The topography of an area is determined by the area’s: Elevation Relief Landforms
The height above sea level is called Elevation sea level 7735 meters
The difference between highest and lowest points of an area is its Relief low high
A landform is a feature of topography formed by processes that shape the Earth’s surface.
There are 3 main types of landforms. Plains are landforms with flat or gently rolling land of low relief.
Mountains are landforms with high elevation and high relief. A range of mountains is a group of mountains that are closely related in shape, structure, and age.
And now for something completely different… A plateau is a landform that has high elevation and a more or less level surface (low relief).
II. The Earth’s Four Spheres Lithosphere Atmosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere
Lithosphere As you know, the lithosphere is the Earth’s solid, rocky outer layer, floating on the liquid mantle.
Atmosphere – The layer of gases surrounding our planet The outermost sphere is made up of: nitrogen (78%) oxygen (21%) argon (.93%) carbon dioxide (.036%) …and other trace gases. Water vapor also plays an enormous role in the Earth’s atmosphere.
Hydrosphere Earth’s oceans, lakes, rivers, and ice form the Hydrosphere.
Biosphere All living things make up the biosphere, which is found in each of the other spheres.