Presentation on theme: "Octavian CRISTEA1, Paul DOLEA1, Vlad TURCU2, Radu DANESCU3"— Presentation transcript:
1Octavian CRISTEA1, Paul DOLEA1, Vlad TURCU2, Radu DANESCU3 Long base-line stereoscopic imager for close to Earth objects range measurementsOctavian CRISTEA1, Paul DOLEA1, Vlad TURCU2, Radu DANESCU31: BITNET CCSS, ROU2: Romanian Academy, Cluj Branch, ROU3: Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, ROU2011 IAA Planetary Defense Conference, Bucharest, May 2011
2might come from the sky … END of life on Earthmight come from the sky …ARE YOU AWARE?
3In a wide area search mission, a telescope collects frames of data on consecutive directions in order to find objects in its range of detection.The probability to point a telescope havinga field of view FoV = 10 x 10 to an unknown stationary target on the sky is N x (3 x 10-5), where N is the number of scanned directions.This probability becomes even smaller in the case of a fast moving (close to Earth) object with unknown orbital parameters.The purpose of this project is to explore the ability of a very wide FoV stereoscopic imager to detect fast moving objects.
4PROJECT DEVELOPMENT MILESTONES STEREOSCOPIC IMAGERPROJECT DEVELOPMENT MILESTONESRobotic Long Baseline Wide FOV Stereoscopic Imagerfor up to LEO/MEO orbits (LEOSCOPE-1). Proof of concept: 2011Technology Development2012 (LEOSCOPE-2)SECURED FINANCINGRobotic Long Baseline“All Azimuth” Stereoscopic Imager for up to LEO/MEO orbits – 201?(LEOSCOPE-3)Robotic Pseudo-Stereoscopic Imager for HEO orbits – 201?(HEOSCOPE)
5Robotic Long Baseline Wide FOV Stereoscopic Imager for up to LEO/MEO orbits (LEOSCOPE-1)Stereoscope setup. Wide FOV pair cameras take simultaneous consecutive photos of the sky. The stereoscope’s base-line is 37 Km, a compromise between simultaneous detection of low altitude objects from two locations and triangulation accuracy. Pair cameras synchronization is made through GPS.Geometric calibration of the image is made by matching captured stars in the image with an astronomical catalogue of stars. The recovery of orbital depth is made by correlating matching feature points from pairs of simultaneous images.
6Piggyback wide FOV camera, component of the stereoscopic imager The telescopic GOTO equatorial mount is used for camera optical axis alignment and Earth rotation compensation.GPS synchronizationMarisel (1150 m elevation)LEOSCOPE-1 paircamera sitesFeleacu (750 m elevation)
7The LEOSCOPE-1 camera LENS: 20 mm F/1.8 aspherical, 88.6 mm aperture, 94.5 degrees angle of viewActual CCDArray: 4752 x 3168 pixelsImage area: 22.3 mm x 14.9 mmA/D converter: 14 bits, uncooled(will be replaced in 2011 by a research grade cooled CCD).Setup (CCD + lens) specifications:Angle of view: 66 degreesLimiting angular resolution: 1 arcmin/pixelLimiting magnitude (uncooled CCD): approx at 13.1 sky magnitude and 5 s exposure.
8LEOSCOPE-1: sample (unprocessed) image area at resolution 3456 x 2304, 5 s exposure, without trackingFast moving Leonid meteor
9LEOSCOPE-1: sample (unprocessed) image areas at small resolution - 5 s exposure, without tracking -AirplaneLeonid meteorISS over Cluj-NapocaNotice city light pollutionTwo LEO satellites
10Examples of labeling distinct non-stationary objects in the images: LEOSCOP-1: automatic objects classification is made before depth reconstruction through parallaxExamples of labeling distinct non-stationary objects in the images:Red = airplaneBlue = condensation / irrelevantGreen = LEO satellite
11STEREOSCOPIC IMAGER: SHORT TERM PLANS AND AKNOWLEDGEMENTS LEOSCOPE-1 development and range recovery experiments for LEO/MEO objects – partially supported through a grant from the Romanian Research Authority.Development of a third sensor for High Earth Orbits surveillance (if founding will be available).Participation to the NATO RTO SET 147 Deep Space Resident Space Object Tracking (HEOSS) experiment, in order to test the stereoscopic imager performances.Thank you for your attention!