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1Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte 1.UML – What is it and what is it good for ? 2.MDA – What is it and what is it good for ? 3.MDA.

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Presentation on theme: "1Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte 1.UML – What is it and what is it good for ? 2.MDA – What is it and what is it good for ? 3.MDA."— Presentation transcript:

1 1Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte 1.UML – What is it and what is it good for ? 2.MDA – What is it and what is it good for ? 3.MDA – Sample Process 4.QVT – A View into Transformation MDA and Application Development– a Vision Agenda

2 2Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte 1.UML – What is it and what is it good for ? 2.MDA – What is it and what is it good for ? 3.MDA – Sample Process 4.QVT – A View into Transformation Agenda MDA and Application Development

3 3Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte UML is a language, it is not a method UML is a specification of the OMG → so it may be/is a standard UML is unified → it contains many concepts to describe many aspects of the real world in models UML is a language based on MOF → it is fully MOF compliant UML and OCL belong together → defining constraints is part of modeling MDA UML - Motivation UML – what it is

4 4Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte UML Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... Datastructures, Programcode, Configuration,... The Real World Natural Languages, Domain Languages, Specific Modeling Languages The Computer World Implementation Languages, Databases, Application Server, … UML - Motivation UML – what it is good for

5 5Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte UML Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... Analysis Design The Real World Natural Languages, Domain Languages, Specific Modeling Languages Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... Datastructures, Programcode, Configuration,... Construction – Datastructures, Programcode, Configuration,... The Computer World Implementation Languages, Databases, Application Server, … UML - Motivation UML – what it is good for

6 6Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte UML Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... Design UML (/ BPMN) UML The Real World Natural Languages, Domain Languages, Specific Modeling Languages Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... Datastructures, Programcode, Configuration,... Construction – Datastructures, Programcode, Configuration,... Analysis The Computer World Implementation Languages, Databases, Application Server, … UML - Motivation UML – what it is good for

7 7Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte 1.UML – What is it and what is it good for ? 2.MDA – What is it and what is it good for ? 3.MDA – Sample Process 4.QVT – A View into Transformation Agenda MDA and Application Development

8 8Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte MDA is - like UML and OCL - a specification of the OMG MDA is not a language and not a method → it is a concept MDA is an approach for model-driven development of architectures MDA is not primarily an approach for developing software MDA is based on other OMG concepts like UML2, OCL, QVT, MOF MDA MDA - Motivation MDA – what it is

9 9Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte CIM-Computation Independet Modeling PIM-Platform Independet Modeling PSM-Platform Specific Modeling IM-Implementation Modeling (C - and of course coding, instead this is not a MDA abstraction layer) MDA One of the basic ideas – thinking in abstraction layers MDA - Motivation

10 10Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte M3-Meta-Metamodel, the concepts and elements for modeling metamodels, f.e. the UML2 Class Diagram and OCL M2-Metamodel, a formal model for a modeling language, f.e. the specification of UML2 M1-Model, f.e. some UML model of an aspect of the real world M0-Instances in the real world, f.e. objects, actions, states, communication MDA Another basic idea – thinking in model and metamodel layers MDA - Motivation

11 11Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte A (necessary) pre-condition for MDA: formal models, based on UML-Metamodels Example: all UML-modeltypes are based on UML-Metamodels  these are formal models MDA MDA - Motivation Yet the „most“ basic idea – doing the application development with models

12 12Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte MDA Analysis Design CIM:natural languages, specific modeling languages, BPMN PIM:UML PSM:UML IM:implementation models (JMI, CMI, EJB,...) Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... Construction: Datastructures, Programcode, Configuration,... MDA - Motivation MDA – what it is good for

13 13Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte MDA CIM:BPMN PIM:UML PSM:UML IM:JMI, CMI, Modeling Analysis Design Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... Construction: Datastructures, Programcode, Configuration,... MDA - Motivation MDA – what it is good for

14 14Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte MDA CIM:BPMN PIM:UML PSM:UML IM:JMI, CMI, Transformation Analysis Design Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... Construction: Datastructures, Programcode, Configuration,... MDA - Motivation MDA – what it is good for

15 15Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte 1.UML – What is it and what is it good for ? 2.MDA – What is it and what is it good for ? 3.MDA – Sample Process 4.QVT – A view into transformation Agenda MDA and Application Development

16 16Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte MDA CIM:BPMN 1.Step: Requirement Analysis Description of the real world‘s aspects, circumstances and conditions using natural language or some domain language. Modeling with domain relevant models, f.e. BPMN Modeling Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... MDA - Process MDA – let‘s drive models from the real world to applications

17 17Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte MDA CIM:BPMN PIM:UML 2. Step: Transformation Transfer of CIM models into the next layer, f.e. transfer of BPMN-models into UML Activity-Diagrams Transformation Analysis Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... MDA - Process MDA – let‘s drive models from the real world to applications

18 18Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte MDA PIM:UML Modeling 3.Step: Analysis – domain specific system definition modeling of domain circumstances in formal models; distinction between structure and behavior Analysis Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... MDA - Process MDA – let‘s drive models from the real world to applications

19 19Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte MDA PIM:UML PSM:UML Transformation 4.Step: Transformation Transfer of formal domain models into platform-specific models Analysis Design Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... MDA - Process MDA – let‘s drive models from the real world to applications

20 20Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte MDA PSM:UML Modeling 5.Step: IT-specific modeling – IT concept Specification of the application concerning to DP, platform-specific aspects, f.e. J2EE or.NET. Refinement and concretizing of the architectures, i.e. UML class diagrams into ERM. Analysis Design Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... MDA - Process MDA – let‘s drive models from the real world to applications

21 21Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte MDA PSM:UML IM:JMI, CMI,... Transformation 6.Step: Transformation into implementation model Transfer of platform specific models into implementation models (code, data structures, DB schemes,...) Analysis Design Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... Construction: Datastructures, Programcode, Configuration,... MDA - Process MDA – let‘s drive models from the real world to applications

22 22Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte MDA IM:JMI, CMI,... Modeling 7.Step: Implementation modeling Modeling in the IM layer means working on the technical concepts with models and languages of the concrete DP environment; coding, building, constructing, configuring, … Analysis Design Objects, Relationships, Processes, Rules, Constraints,... Construction: Datastructures, Programcode, Configuration,... MDA - Process MDA – let‘s drive models from the real world to applications

23 23Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte 1.UML – What is it and what is it good for ? 2.MDA – What is it and what is it good for ? 3.MDA – Sample Process 4.QVT – A View into Transformation Agenda MDA and Application Development

24 24Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte QVT is - like UML and OCL - a specification of the OMG QVT describes a concept and languages for Model-to-Model transformation QVT languages are seperated into a descriptive one – Relations Language – and an imperative one – Operational Mappings QVT languages are based on a Core Language, that is something like a „virtual mapping machine“ QVT is developed from OCL so transformation mappings are more or less OCL-expressions QVT Query View Transformation QVT – what it is

25 25Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte QVT - Architektur QVT Operational Mappings Relation to Core Transformation Core Language Black Box Relations Language Query View Transformation

26 26Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte QVT Query View Transformation A simple sample model

27 27Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte QVT A transformation with Relations Language /* * transform a UMl package into a ERM schema */ transformation HelloWorld ( source : UML, target : ERM ) { top relation SourceToTarget { packageName : String; checkonly domain source sourcePackage : UML::Package { name = packageName }; enforce domain source targetSchema : ERM::Schema { name = packageName }; } Query View Transformation

28 28Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte /* * transform a UM package into a ERM schema */ transformation HelloWorld ( in source : UML, out target : ERM ); main() { source.objects()[Package]->map createHello(); } mapping Package::createHello () : Schema { name := "HelloWorld"; -- Erzeugung eines Schemas namens 'HelloWorld‚ end { log ("Hello, World!"); } –- log-Ausgabe auf der Konsole } QVT Query View Transformation A transformation with Operational Mapping

29 29Model Driven Architecture – 3. März 2008 – Siegfried Nolte QVT Query View Transformation


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