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Page  2 The new challanges in Earth Observation Improvements in the decade 2000-2010 a)Observations from space Sensing capacity (e.g. EOS, METOP, MSG;

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Presentation on theme: "Page  2 The new challanges in Earth Observation Improvements in the decade 2000-2010 a)Observations from space Sensing capacity (e.g. EOS, METOP, MSG;"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Page  2 The new challanges in Earth Observation Improvements in the decade 2000-2010 a)Observations from space Sensing capacity (e.g. EOS, METOP, MSG; ENVISAT; SMOS; TerraSar, RadarSat, Cosmo SkyMed, ALOS; IKONOS, Quickbird, EROS, Rapid Eye, SPOT; JASON; CALIPSO; GRACE, GOCE) Time resolution increase b)Ground based observations Technology setting up (SAR techniques, Laser scanning, Web sensors and web services) and improvements of current technologies Diffusion and consolidation of networking at international level (FPVI, FPVII Capacities) c)Airborne observations Technology setting up and improvements (e.g. SAR, Laser scanning, new generation Hyperspectrals, Integrated platforms) Matera, 8 June, 2012

3 Page  3 The new challanges in Earth Observation Improvements in the decade 2000-2010 d)ICT development Architectures, middleware, standards (e.g. Data interoperability, web sensors and web services, Grid techniques, Self-adaptative networks, cloud) e)The added value of integration IGOS approach became operational In most of the cases the exploitation of information contained in the data is based on the identification of integration chains tailored on the studied problem Actually these integration chains have been mostly developed in research projects and are going to enter into operational chains Matera, 8 June, 2012

4 Page  4 The new challanges in Earth Observation It is possible to observe processes that up to now were beyond our observing capability; Development of RT and NRT applications; Integration based on the management of large data fluxes The web opens new frontiers Matera, 8 June, 2012

5 Page  5 The expected developments for the next decade a)Observations from space Missions going to be launched and new scheduled missions (e.g. Sentinels, Galileo, ADM, Earthcare, MTG, Post-EPS, NPOESS, GPM, SAOCOM, Aquarius/SAC-D, Pleiades, Hyperspectral missions) Low cost satellites and constellations Transition to geostationary platforms of technologies now operating on polar platforms Extension of spectral range (e.g. FTIR, MW) b)Ground based observations Consolidation of networks and extension at planetary scale c)Airborne observations Drones and unmanned d)ICT (cloud of sensors, model web) e)The full operational integration (EO + Satnav + SatCom + ICT) The new challanges in Earth Observation Matera, 8 June, 2012

6 Page  6 The new challanges in Earth Observation We are developing a tool box that allows to develop applications tailored on user needs. Flexibility of the approach Sharing of costs Importance of European networking Importance of observational infrastructures Matera, 8 June, 2012

7 Page  7 The impact on Applications The applications market Safety and security: landslides, floods, earthquakes, fires, damage assessment, crisis management, early warning, oil spills, monitoring of critical infrastructures, homeland security, maritime surveillance, etc.; Cultural Heritage: Discovery of buried bodies, rescue archaeology, monitoring of historical city centers, monitoring of cultural heritage, etc; Monitoring of the environment: Air quality, inland and sea waters quality, soil quality and monitoring of contaminated sites, oil spills, subsidence, transport of pollutants, monitoring of natural parks, monitoring of critical areas, salinization, land cover and land monitoring, etc.; Agriculture and forestry: food security, crop monitoring (prevention of humanitarian crises, market volatility and prices of agricultural resources), state of forests, EU Common Agriculture Policy, etc; Matera, 8 June, 2012

8 Page  8 The Impact on Applications The application market Oceanography: Productivity of the sea and fisheries issues, marine circulation, prediction of extreme events, sea pollution, management of coastal systems, etc; Atmosphere: Meteorology, clouds and precipitation, atmospheric chemistry, prediction of extreme events Monitoring of urban areas; Management of water resources; Climate change: Essential Climate Variables and modeling of climate change, assessment of trends, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, droughts, desertification, sources and sinks of CO2, reporting for Kyoto Protocol and post-Kyoto agreements, etc.; Energy: Sunshine maps, wind maps, biomass monitoring, monitoring of energy infrastructures (pipelines, etc.); Insurances: Damage assessment for insurance claims, risk maps, etc.; Transport Etc. Matera, 8 June, 2012

9 Page  9 The Italian Perspective Italian Technological platform on Space Matera, 8 June, 2012

10 Page  10 Earth Observation Systems Navigation Systems Space Station, Manned systems Telecommunication Systems Security Thermomechanics Optics ICT Technologies for space transportation Space Transportation Systems, Launch Systems Universe and planetary observation, robotics Human exploration Integrated Applications and Services Structures Materials Photonics Electronics Signal and Data Processing DA1DA2DA3DA4 DA5DA6DA7 TA1TA2 TA3TA4 Mechanics Integrated sensors, cryogeny Taxonomies of SPIN-IT Courtesy of Emanuele Rizzo - Spin-it Secretariat Matera, 8 June, 2012

11 Page  11 The European Perspective Horizon 2020 a)Excellent Science: European Research Council; Future and Emerging Technologies; Marie Curie Actions; European Research Infrastructures. b)Industial Leadership: Enabling technologies: ICT, Nanotechnologies, Advanced materials, Biotechnology, Advanced manifacturing and processing, Space; Access to risk finance; Innovation in SMEs. c)Societal Challanges: Health, demographic change and wellbeing; Food security, sustainable agricolture marine and maritime research and bio-economy; Secure, clean and efficient energy; Smart, green and integrated transport; Climate action, resource efficiency and raw materials; Inclusive, innovative and sicure societes. Matera, 8 June, 2012

12 Page  12 The European Perspective GMES is a flagship European Initiative The research - enterprises - end users chain GMES is a program of EU and ESA In-situ systems Services Space systems Data Integration & Information Management GMES Matera, 8 June, 2012

13 Page  13 GMES is the pivot of the European Observing Capability It is necessary that GMES is included into the Multi-annual Financial Framework Matera, 8 June, 2012 The European Perspective

14 Page  14 The European Perspective The promotion of networking is a priority in order to:  Develop new applications;  Deliver better services at lower cost;  Diffuse best practices. Regions and Clusters play a key role in the promotion of networking. Matera, 8 June, 2012

15 Page  15 The European Perspective Proposal NEREUS should promote that space clusters existing in NEREUS Regions federate into a cluster of clusters This is a way to win the actual challenges This is a way to promote smart specialization This is a way to contribute to the success of HORIZON 2020 Matera, 8 June, 2012

16 Page  16 The Eyjafjöll eruption 2006-2009 sismic activity in the area 20 March 2010 –a first eruption started 14 April 2010 – explosive eruption with ash injection in the troposphere 14 April – 23 May eruptive activity continues 24 May 2010 volcanic eruption is over Picture courtesy: Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson The added value of integration; The networking at the global scale: the GALION project Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al. Matera, 8 June, 2012

17 Page  17 ● since 2000 ● 27 lidar stations - 10 multiwavelength Raman lidar stations backscatter (355, 532 and 1064 nm) + extinction (355 and 532 nm) + depol ratio (532 nm) - 10 Raman lidar stations - 7 single backscatter lidar stations ● comprehensive, quantitative, and statistically significant data base ● Continental and long-term scale EARLINET-ASOS European Aerosol Research Lidar Network www.earlinet.org For more info about EARLINET please contact Gelsomina Pappalardo pappalardo@imaa.cnr.it The added value of integration; The networking at the global scale Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al. Matera, 8 June, 2012

18 Page  18 First tool for 4D aerosol measurements on continental scale ● Quality assurance program - Instruments - Data analysis ● Predefined measurement schedule (3 per week) → unbiased ● Coordinated network observations for special events (e.g., Saharan dust, forest fires, photochemical smog, diurnal circle, volcanic aerosols) ● Standardized data format ● Access to data via centralized data base EARLINET: European Aerosol Research Lidar Network The added value of integration; The networking at the global scale Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al. Matera, 8 June, 2012

19 Page  19 17 April 2010 Paris EARLINET Station CALIPSO MODIS/Terra (AOD) The added value of integration; The networking at the global scale Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al. Matera, 8 June, 2012

20 Page  20 Examples of EARLINET observations of the volcanic layer (15-23 April 2010) 20 April 2010, Potenza, Italy 16-17 April 2010, Paris, France 21 April 2010, Athens, Greece 18 April 2010, Leipzig, Germany The added value of integration; The networking at the global scale Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al. Matera, 8 June, 2012

21 Page  21 EARLINETGALIONfrom continental to global coverage GALION – the GAW Aerosol Lidar Observation Network GALION is organized as a Network of Networks, coordinating ALINE, Latin America AD-Net, East Asia CIS-LINET, Commonwealth of Independent States EARLINET, Europe NDACC, Global Stratosphere REALM, Eastern North America MPLNET, Global, Micropulse Lidar www.wmo.int/gaw/galion Contact pappalardo@imaa.cnr.it The added value of integration; The networking at the global scale: the GALION project Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al. Matera, 8 June, 2012

22 Page  22 GALION stations are identified and discoverable in GAWSIS GALION in GAWSIS The added value of integration; The networking at the global scale: the GAW project Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al. Matera, 8 June, 2012

23 Page  23 Operational & comprehensive Operational, incomplete No direct link at present CAPMon WDCPC AERONET GAWSIS – Metadata Integration for WIS The added value of integration; The networking at the global scale: the GALION project Courtesy of G. Pappalardo et al. Matera, 8 June, 2012

24 Page  24 Thank you for your attention! Any Questions? Matera, 8 June, 2012


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