Presentation on theme: "“Heal The Earth”: Solid Waste Managment"— Presentation transcript:
1“Heal The Earth”: Solid Waste Managment Theme: Sanitation and Sensitization
2Content Introduction of Solid Waste. Classification of Waste. Introduction of Allotted areaReasons for waste management in localityWays to reduceRole of SocietyRole of concened Civic AuthorityRole of TechnologyRole of IPSConclusion
3Introduction of Solid Waste “substances or objects which are disposed of or are intended to be disposed of or are required to be disposed of by the provisions of the law”Disposal means“any operation which may lead to resource recovery, recycling, reclamation, direct re-use or alternative uses (Annex IVB of the Basel convention)”
4Classification of waste On the basis of disposal.domestic, commercial and industrial wastes especially common as co-disposal of wastesSolid wastesExamples: plastics, styrofoam containers, bottles,Examples: domestic washings, chemicals, oils, waste water from ponds, manufacturing industrieswastes in liquid formLiquid Wastes
5On the basis of properties. Bio-degradablecan be degraded (paper, wood, fruits and others)Non-biodegradablecannot be degraded (plastics, bottles, old machines,cans, styrofoam containers and others)
7Reasons for mismanagement of waste disposal in the locality Lack of planning for waste management while planning townshipsLack of proper institutional set up for waste management, planning and designing in urban local bodiesLack of technically trained manpowerLack of community involvementLack of expertise and exposure to city waste management using modern techniques / best practicesLack of awareness creation mechanismLack of Management Information SystemsLack of funds with MCDsIndifferent attitude of MCDs to levy user charges and sustainability
8Suggestions to reduce the amount of solid waste generated. Residents to be organized into small groups to carry out the following:Construction of backyard compost pit.Construction of storage bins where recyclable and reusable materials are stored by each household.Construction of storage centers where recyclable and reusable materials collected by the street sweepers are stored prior to selling to junk dealers.Maintenance of cleanliness in yards and streets.Greening of their respective areas.Encouraging others to join.
9Reduction is better than disposal Source reduction, or preventing waste in the first place, is a better option than disposal.Personal/consumer behavior:Use fewer itemsBuy less-packaged and longer-lived goodsReuse itemsManufacturer behavior:Make goods with less packagingMake longer-lived goodsAdopt more-efficient production methods
10Reuse Reusing items is a powerful way to reduce one’s waste. There are simple ways to do this:Buy used clothing, and donate used clothingBring your own cloth bags to grocery storesBring your own coffee mug to coffee shops
12Materials should be recycled. Waste segregation at source. Role of SocietyTo minimize waste.Materials should be recycled.Waste segregation at source.Materials to be purchased should have long expiry date.Eco-friendly processing of waste.Vermi composting to generate manure
13Paper is the biggest component of municipal solid waste
14Role of concerned civic authority. Outsourcing of all activities under Solid Waste Management Services recommended by 12th Finance Commission for using grants.MCDs to concentrate on segregation of waste at source.Waste processing like composting, bio-methanation should be done through public-private partnerships/ private sector.Final disposal viz. sanitary land filling to be done under public private partnerships / private sector.Bio-medical waste to be managed by Central Bio- Medical Waste Management Facilities.
15Role of technology in management of solid waste. Bio- Energy Production: Conversion of biogas into natural gas of high quality. Electricity and heat utilisation with increasing energy efficiency in the plants.Bio-gas PlantBio-gas utilization
16Integrated Waste Management System can beavoidedrecoveredlandfilledrecycling orenergy recoverylandfillthermaltreatmentsecondaryraw materialenergyyesnoyesno
17Role of I.P.S We are using envelopes without cellophane windows Some students replaced ball point or gel pens by fountain pens.Models were made using waste papers.We followed green rules by segregating waste at source.a). Yellow bin(bio-degradable/recyclable)- dry paper waste only.b). Green bins(bio-degradable/perishable)- pencil shaving, food peels,wet tissue paper,soiled –paper plates.c). Blue bins(non bio-degradable)-polythenes,used pens,waste plastic objects.d). Landfilling by making a compost pit.Teachers use their own cups instead of paper cups for drinking tea.We recycle used paper by getting printouts on it.
18ConclusionBy this we can conclude that Solid Waste generated in our area is very hazardous and causes various types of pollution and also health diseases and our earth is getting depleted day by day.We should take some initiatives to manage the waste and follow three R’s (Reuse, Reduce, & Recycle).Let us join hands together and do some steps to save our mother Earth.
19JAI SWACHHTA “ It is appreciable to organize a seminar on sanitation but nothing beats bending down & picking upa chocolate wrapper ”JAI SWACHHTA