7Young Earth Creation Definition Definition: Young-earth creationism teaches that God supernaturally created the universe and life on earth in six literal 24 hour days nearly 6,000–12,000 years ago.
8Young Earth Creation Definition Based on a straightforward literal reading of the Genesis creation account.The days in Genesis 1-2 are literal 24 hour days.God created the universe with the appearance of age.Pain, suffering and death are the results of the Fall in Genesis 3.The surface of the earth was radically rearranged by Noah’s Flood.
9Young Earth Creation Genesis Creation Account YEC interprets Gen. 1-3 literally.Gen. 1-3 is a historical accountGenesis 1-11 has the same characteristics of a historical narrative as in Gen , Exodus, Numbers, Joshua, etc…..Jesus and the Apostles treat Genesis 1-11 as historical.
10Jesus and Genesis Adam and Eve (Mt. 19:4-5) Cain and Abel (Lk. 11:51) Noah and the Ark (Mt. 24:39)Sodom and Gomorrah (Mt. 10:15)Mosaic Authorship of Pentateuch (Lk. 24:44)
11Apostles and Genesis Adam (1 Cor. 15:22, 1 Tim. 2:13) Eve (2 Cor. 11:3, 1 Tim. 2:13)The Serpent (2 Cor. 11:3)The Fall (2 Cor. 11:3)Enoch (Jude 14)Cain and Abel (Heb. 11:4)Noah and the Flood (2 Peter 2:5)
12Young Earth Creation Genesis Creation Account YEC interprets Gen. 1-3 literally..Gen. 1-3 is a historical account“Day” (yom) in the context of Gen. 1-3 refers to a literal 24 hour day.When used with a number (one day, second day, etc…) it signifies a regular day.The phrase “evening and morning” signifies a literal day.1:14 is used in relation to the movement of the heavenly bodies.
13Young Earth Creation Genesis Creation Account YEC interprets Gen. 1-3 literally..Gen. 1-3 is a historical account“Day” (yom) in the context of Gen. 1-3 refers to a literal 24 hour day.God created things with apparent age.Adam and Eve were created fully maturePlants and animals were created fully matureJesus miracles (water to wine) confirm instant maturity.
14Young Earth Creation Genesis Creation Account YEC interprets Gen. 1-3 literally..Gen. 1-3 is a historical account“Day” (yom) in the context of Gen. 1-3 refers to a literal 24 hour day.God created things with apparent age.Exodus 20:8-11 refer to a 7 day week. .
15Exodus 20Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God.… For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.Exodus 20:8-11
16Young Earth Creation Genesis Creation Account YEC interprets Gen. 1-3 literally..Gen. 1-3 is a historical account“Day” (yom) in the context of Gen. 1-3 refers to a literal 24 hour day.God created things with apparent age.Exodus 20:8-11 refer to a 7 day week.Genealogies of Genesis 5 and 11.
17Young Earth Creation Genesis Creation Account YEC interprets Gen. 1-3 literally..Gen. 1-3 is a historical account“Day” (yom) in the context of Gen. 1-3 refers to a literal 24 hour day.God created things with apparent age.Exodus 20”8-11 refer to a 7 day week.Genealogies of Genesis 5 and 11.Global flood was responsible for producing most (but not all) the geological rock layers and fossils.
18Young Earth Creation Darwinian Evolutionary Theory Reject Darwin’s theory as an explanation for the origin and diversity of life.Macro-evolution (formation of new organs or body parts creating a new species) : NOMicro-evolution (changes within a species): Yes
19Young Earth Creationism Critique StrengthsMost common reading of the textEmphasizes literal reading of Genesis and God’s active hand in creation.Explains the origins of pain, suffering and death entering creation.Flood catastrophism explains some anomalies in the fossil and geological records.
20Young Earth Creationism Critique WeaknessesWhen did Satan Fall?6th Day problemFlood catastrophism does not explain all the evidence of an old earthScientific evidence does favor an old universe and earthWhen does apparent age become deception?
23Theistic Evolution Definition “The belief that God used the process of evolution to create living things, including humans.”Ted Davis, “Science the Bible and Theistic Evolution: Part 1,” Biologos Forum, biologos.org
24Theistic Evolution Definition The Bible is NOT a reliable source of scientific knowledge about the origin of the earth and the universe.The Bible IS a reliable source of knowledge about God and spiritual things.Scientific evidence is irrelevant to the BibleThe Genesis creation account is intended to refute pantheism and polytheism, not to tell us how God actually created the world.The Bible tells us THAT God created, not HOW God created.
25Theistic Evolution Genesis Creation Account Genesis 1-3 is interpreted as allegory or myth.The Genesis creation account is a “pre-scientific” account.The Genesis account was intended to refute the worldviews of pantheism and polytheism.The intent was not to tell us how God created but that He did create and is ruler over creation.
26Theistic Evolution Genesis Creation Account Adam and EveGenetic evidence shows that humans descended from a group of several thousand individuals who lived about 150,000 years ago.Cain after killing Abel was afraid that others would kill him (Gen. 4:14).Where did the other people come from?
27Theistic Evolution Genesis Creation Account Adam and EveGenetic evidence shows that humans descended from a group of several thousand individuals who lived about 150,000 years ago.Cain after killing Abel was afraid that others would kill him.Option 1 - Adam and Eve were a historical pair living among many 10,000 years ago, chosen to represent the rest of humanity before God.Option 2 - Genesis 2-4 is an allegory in which Adam and Eve symbolize the large group of ancestors who lived 150,000 years ago.
28Theistic Evolution Darwinian Evolutionary Theory Accepts Evolution (Darwinian or variations of the theory) as a valid explanation for the origin and diversity of life.Macro-evolution: YesMicro-evolution: Yes
29Theistic Evolution Critique StrengthsEvolution is widely accepted in scientific world - few conflicts with scientific community.Has few problems with the scientific evidence of an old earth and universe.Acknowledges God’s role in all of the universe through creating the natural laws.We must be cautious not to read the text through modern lenses only but also through the lenses of the culture it was written in.
30Theistic Evolution Critique WeaknessesReduces Genesis creation account to myth or allegoryDarwinian Evolution seems to go against God’s nature.Is often scientifically indistinguishable from naturalism, and deism.
33Old Earth Creation (Progressive) Definition God supernaturally created the universe and life upon the earth but over a long period of time.
34Old Earth Creation (Progressive) Definition Genesis 1-3 is a literal account of God’s creation.God miraculously created the universe from nothing (ex nihilo).God created life from non-life, and progressively intervened in history to supernaturally create new species of life.After God created the “heavens and the earth,” He created life over six successive “days,” which in Hebrew may be literally interpreted as six distinct periods of time.
35Old Earth Creation (Progressive) Definition God miraculously created Adam and Eve, humanity’s historical parents.Earth’s geologic features formed over long ages through both gradual and catastrophic processes.The age of the earth has no bearing on the creation of life and an old earth does not equate with Darwinian evolution.
36Old Earth Creation (Progressive) Definition Different forms of Old Earth CreationismGap Theory or New Gap TheoryDay Age TheoryIntermittent Day TheoryFramework Hypothesis
37Old Earth Creation (Progressive) Genesis Creation Account Genesis 1:1 Creation out of nothing (Bara)
38Old Earth Creation (Progressive) Genesis Creation Account “The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep…”Genesis 1:2“…without form and void…” (tohu wabohu)Tohu Wabohu can indicate judgment (Jer. 4:23, 19:7)Is there a “Gap”? ?? Between verse 1 & 2?Gen 1:3 “Let there be….” (Asah)
39Old Earth Creation (Progressive) Genesis Creation Account Genesis 1:1 - Creation out of nothing (Bara)1:2 - “The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep…”Gen 1:3 - “Let there be….” (Asah)
40Old Earth Creation (Progressive) Genesis Creation Account “Days” in Gen. 1-3 used in several different ways.“Day” (yom) can refer to an extended period of time.Archer and Geisler also point out that no definite article (“the”) appears with yôm on days one through five in Genesis one.Archer says the absence of “the” implies a more vague meaning than 24 hours—an indefinite but literal sense of time or age.
41Old Earth Creation (Progressive) “Days” used in several different ways Genesis 2:4 “…in the day that God created the heavens and the earth.”Psalm 90:4 “A thousand years in your sight are like a day that has just gone by …(Moses)Hosea 6:2 “He will revive us after two days; He will raise us up on the third day.”Isaiah 4:2, Zech. 14:6-8
42Old Earth Creation (Progressive) Genesis Creation Account The problem of the “6th day”Land animals createdGarden of Eden createdAdam createdAdam tends Garden of EdenAdam studies and names the animalsAdam feels lonelyAdam’s response to seeing Eve “at last!” (Happa’am)
43Old Earth Creation (Progressive) Genesis Creation Account The 7th day7th day does not state, “evening and morning”Hebrews 4:1-11
44Hebrews 4:1-11Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it…. “On the seventh day God rested from all his works.”… Therefore since it still remains for some to enter that rest, So then, there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God, for whoever has entered God’s rest has also rested from his works as God did from his.”
45Old Earth Creation (Progressive) Genesis Creation Account God’s eternal nature is compared to the age of the earthPsalm 90 “Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever you had formed the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God.”Psalm 93:2-3 “Yes, the world is established; it shall never be moved. Your throne is established from of old; you are from everlasting.”Prov. 8, Eccl. 1:4, 7, 10, Micah 6:2
46OEC and DarwinOld Earth creationists believe that Darwinian evolution is unbiblical, biologically untenable, and not supported by the fossil record.Reject the Darwinian concept of common descentMacro-evolution: NoMicro-evolution: Yes
47Critique of Old Earth Creationism StrengthsTakes the Genesis account literallyLittle problem with the scientific data of an old universe and earthRecognizes the Big Bang as beginning of the universeAccepts data for old universe
48Critique of Old Earth Creationism WeaknessesImplies pain, suffering, and death before the fall.Some difficulty explaining the sequence of events in Genesis 1-2 with a large extent of time.There are gaps in the genealogical record but 100,000 years?
51General GuidelinesGenesis creation account should be interpreted literallyThe Relationship between general (creation) and special (Bible) revelation
52Special and General Revelation God’s word is without error.God also speaks through general revelation: Creation and the Conscience. (Rom 1, Ps. 19)General revelation expounds the scripturesGeneral revelation clarifies scripturesGeneral revelation can correct our interpretation of scriptureThe Bible is not wrong but our interpretation can be.
53Special and General Revelation Conflicting Information When the Bible and general revelation conflict we must re-examine both the data and our interpretation of the Bible.If the Bible is clear, we must go with God’s word.If general revelation is clear, then we do not question the Bible but our interpretation of it.There are times our interpretation of the scriptures needed correction.
54General GuidelinesGenesis creation account should be interpreted literallyThe Relationship between general and special revelationCarefully consider the Bible and the scientific data, do not dismiss either too quicklyBe honest to admit shortcomings of your viewWalk with humilityBe Gracious to one another
55On essential unity, On nonessentials liberty, In all things charity
56Colossians 3:12-14Put on then, as God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, compassionate hearts, kindness, humility, meekness, and patience, bearing with one another and, if one has a complaint against another, forgiving each other; as the Lord has forgiven you, so you also must forgive And above all these put on love, which binds everything together in perfect harmony.