Presentation on theme: " Axis of Rotation Axis of Rotation – an imaginary line running through Earth’s center that allows Earth to rotate. End of the axis are the NORTH."— Presentation transcript:
Axis of Rotation Axis of Rotation – an imaginary line running through Earth’s center that allows Earth to rotate. End of the axis are the NORTH and SOUTH poles. NORTHNORTH P O L E SOUTHSOUTH
Any location on Earth’s surface moves from WEST to EAST as Earth turns. North Pole The way Earth Rotates
½ Earth is in Sunlight ½ Earth is in Darkness If it is noon at one location, what time is it at a location directly on the other side of the Earth?
1 FULL rotation on Earth’s Axis = 1 day (24 Hours)
Revolution Revolution – the motion of one object around another. The Earth is tilted at about a 23.5 degree angle. If Earth’s rotation and orbit lined up perfectly what would that mean for Earth’s Seasons?
Earth’s orbit is NOT quite a perfect circle. Earth is about 5 million kilometers closer to the Sun 148,000,000 km153,000,000 km Earth is about 5 million kilometers further away then the Sun
Seasons Seasons – patterns of temperature changes and other weather trends over the course of a year. Near the poles, very large changes in temperature from winter to summer. Near the equator, very little temperature changes all year.
Equinox Equinox – sunlight shines equally on the northern and southern hemispheres. Solstice Solstice – the area of sunlight is at a maximum in one hemisphere and a minimum in the other hemisphere. Both occur on or around the 21 st day of certain months of the year.
The further from the equator the more extreme the changes in day length become. In the North Pole the sun does not set at all for 6 months at a time. In the South Pole the sun does not rise for 6 months at a time. Near the equator, the periods of daylight and darness are almost equal year-roudn. ~ 12 hours
Unit E : Space Science : Chapter 2 : Page 49 : Questions : 1- 6