Presentation on theme: "The Future is Green! What are green jobs? Continuing Education… Lorraine Faulds Training & Development Director I SC Employment Security Commission."— Presentation transcript:
The Future is Green! What are green jobs? Continuing Education… Lorraine Faulds Training & Development Director I SC Employment Security Commission
Topics Major trends Where is the $ going? Opportunity areas Jobs in Energy Management Jobs for MBAs Kevin Doyle Jobs for Scientists
Architecture and Design Marketing, Advertising and Communications Fashion Law Activism Life Sciences Journalism and New Media Business Management Entertainment Food Public Policy Earth Science Information Technology Social Sciences Consumer Products Construction Engineering Software Design
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 $50 BILLION Broken down into two areas: Energy Efficiency (EE) and Renewable Energy (RE)
Goals of the ARRA: Double the capacity of alternative energy over the next 3 years Weatherize 1 million homes Retrofit 75% of federal buildings Build 3,000 miles of transmission lines
EE gets $36.5 Billion, RE gets $8 Billion $5 Billion to weatherize homes of one million low- income families $6.3 Billion for energy-related grants to the states $4.5 Billion to retrofit federal buildings $11 Billion to modernize the nation’s electrical grid
Green Jobs Estimate= 460,000 jobs (nationally) Need to offset loses, especially in construction and manufacturing One job lost means up to 20 jobs lost in indirect effects (Economic Modeling Specialists) During good times, these displaced workers would transition to a similar job in the same industry. But in times like these (where there are no other similar opportunities), retraining is the only option.
MANY definitions A blue-collar job, upgraded to better respect the environment (Van Jones, founder of Green For All) “Greener” versions of existing occupations A traditional job with a layer of green Jobs that involve protecting wildlife or ecosystems, reducing pollution or waste, or reducing energy usage and lowering carbon emissions.
The basis for the definition is… Any activity or service that performs at least one of the following: Generating renewable energy Recycling existing materials Energy efficient product manufacturing, construction, installation, and maintenance Education, compliance, conservation, and awareness Natural and sustainable product manufacturing
Two General Areas: Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Energy Efficiency: It’s not just about putting on a sweater and turning off the lights! Green new construction Building Retrofitting/Weatherization Mass Transit Smart Grid
Renewable Energy: Lots of up-front investment (i.e. manufacturing); we currently get only 2.4% of our energy from renewable resources; President Obama wants it up to 25% Wind Solar Geothermal Hydropower Nuclear Hydrogen Clean/low emission coal Natural gas Biofuels (also called biomass)
A Word about Nuclear Energy… In some places, nuclear energy is not considered a clean, renewable energy source because it creates hazardous waste and uses a non-renewable resource (uranium). It is in SC! It produces 51.2% of the state’s electricity.
Industries Initially… Construction, Installation, Maintenance (based on funding)
Top 4 industries with the most occupations on the list are… Life, Physical, and Social Sciences (23 occupations) Construction and Extraction (20) Architecture and Engineering (19) Production (i.e. manufacturing) (19)
Later on… Engineering, Production, Sciences (i.e. chemists)
Employment in Green Jobs Occupations with the most employment in 2008: Team Assemblers = 36,580 Laborers & Freight, Stock and Material Movers = 34,700 Customer Service Representatives = 30,150 Maintenance & Repair Workers = 26,390 Truck Drivers, Heavy & Tractor Trailer = 23,160
Wages for Green Jobs Top 5 Green Jobs by 2008 Average Hourly Wage: Air Traffic Controller = $51.97* Nuclear Engineer = $45.25 Computer & Information Scientists = $44.08 Sales Engineers = $41.05 Chemical Engineers = $40.33 Electrical Engineers = $38.86
Skills Needed Ten Competencies Needed to Be Successful in Environmental Work 1. Communication skills 2. Collaboration, bridge-building abilities 3. “Customer” orientation 4. Creativity/innovative thinking 5. Broad environmental sciences understanding 6. Analytical ability, critical thinking, problem-solving 7. Work orientation, professionalism, positive attitude 8. Occupation-specific skills and knowledge 9. Mastery of information technology 10. Leadership ability From Remake a Living: Defining the Environmental Workforce by Kevin Doyle
National Credentials The Association of Energy Engineers: facilities managers, HVAC installers, geothermal certifications The North American Board of Energy Practitioners: photovoltaic (solar) installers and photovoltaic technicians The Building Performance Institute: building analysts, HVAC; required for Energy Star contractors Solar Energy International: Renewable energy certifications The Green Building Certification Institute: Runs the Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design (LEED) Accredited Professionals Program for green management and facilities management fields
Current programs can have a “green” element added: Construction trades: Electrician, Plumber, HVAC Culinary trades: Organic farming, composting Automotive: Hybrid and electric powered-vehicles
Aggressive energy building codes, an active renewable energy industry, and foresighted government agencies all contribute to an excellent employment market. Opportunities exist in a wide variety of agencies, firms, and organizations including: – private consulting firms –solar and renewable energy businesses –private corporations –non-profit organizations –government agencies – utilities
Jobs in Energy Management Specific jobs: Energy Manager Energy Engineer Energy Conservation Engineer Certified Energy Analyst
Energy Manager An energy manager plans, regulates and monitors energy use in an organisation or facility. They aim to improve energy efficiency through evaluating energy use and therefore, implement new policies and changes. Energy managers coordinate all aspects of energy management, from energy efficiency and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions to waste management and sustainable development by: –encouraging the use of renewable/sustainable energy resources within an organisation or community; –deriving solutions for carbon management; –raising the profile of energy conservation. Changes in building regulations and an increase in legislation and European directives on emissions and efficiency have increased the need for organizations to develop carbon management and sustainability strategies. Source: http://ww2.prospects.ac.uk/p/types_of_job/energy_manager_job_description.jsp http://ww2.prospects.ac.uk/p/types_of_job/energy_manager_job_description.jsp
Energy Manager cont’d. Typical activities generally include: developing, coordinating, and implementing the aims and objectives of strategies and policies to reduce energy consumption, e.g. EU directives on energy performance and emissions, and monitoring and reviewing the effectiveness of these policies and strategies, including coordinating annual progress reports; devising policies and systems for buying energy and helping with contract negotiations; providing technical and practical advice and offering training on energy efficiency; developing promotional activities and materials to publicize particular schemes; contributing to sustainable development initiatives; liaising and negotiating with contractors, the building supplies industry, council services and other relevant organizations; ensuring accurate records are maintained and energy monitoring data is collected regularly; preparing specifications, drawings and tender documents for building services, improvement or plant replacement work, including obtaining statutory approvals; liaising with and providing technical support to mechanical and electrical design engineers on new and refurbishment projects regarding sustainability, energy and water conservation; carrying out site inspections and energy surveys; preparing detailed schedules of work, feasibility studies and cost estimates; benchmarking energy consumptions against best practice guidelines; keeping abreast of legislation such as the EU Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) and ensuring compliance.EU Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS)
Energy Engineer Provide technical assistance to owners, developers and contractors assisting with energy efficiency project identification and technology decisions associated with facilitating energy efficiency upgrades and improvements. Work with various software programs to perform building simulation analyses for new construction projects.
Energy Conservation Engineer Assess problems and situations, develop recommendations and implement solutions, including economic justifications. Work effectively with customers, vendors, suppliers and contractors. Requirements: –Possess strong verbal and written communication skills to present findings and ideas in a clear manner; negotiate and persuade effectively. –Bachelor's Degree in Engineering Technologies or Facility Engineer required. – Minimum five years experience conducting energy and power studies required.
Certified Energy Analyst Energy Analysts: –perform energy calculations and prepare compliance documentation for the energy code; –possess an interest in the rapidly deregulating $300 billion U.S. energy industry; –develop an understanding of the electric and natural gas industry; enter and maintain client energy usage and cost information; –create databases to track and forecast client energy usage; –develop client energy budgets and variance analyses; –prepare monthly energy reports for clients; and –monitor utility tariffs (taxes) and rate changes.
Energy Career Resources Career Currents: www.eia.doe.gov/kids/resources/teachers/pdfs/CareerCurrents_enmanagement.pdf
Continuing Education Energy University http://www.schneider-electric.com/sites/corporate/en/products-services/training/energy-university/energy-university.page Association of Energy Engineers (AEE) http://www.aeecenter.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=1 U.S. Green Building Council > LEED http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CMSPageID=1988 Other sources?
Service Manager – Wind Energy Project Manager Sustainability Consultant Eco-Entrepreneur Municipal Energy Manager Chief Sustainability Officer (CSO) Marketing (Green) Manager Sustainability Reporting Manager Green Supply Chain Manager
Sustainability Consultant Houston, TX Consult with potential customers to develop evaluation plans and appropriate potential goals and solutions. These may include waste diversion, energy saving and/or other sustainable initiatives, as well as cost saving opportunities Perform full sustainability evaluations primarily focused on waste, energy, and water. Prepare final report and present conclusions to the customer in a timely manner. Analyze evaluation results to identify, design and implement environmental sustainability initiatives, cost saving opportunities and solutions. Manage Sales responsibilities for the solutions derived from initial evaluations. Maintain communications and a close working relationship with key WM Market Area personnel to include, but not limited to Market Area General Manager, Market Area Sales Manager and sales personnel. Operate and maintain the Green Squad vehicle (e.g., Striker van) for use in transporting personnel and equipment utilized for evaluations, along with exhibition of the vehicle in select Market Area public relations activities. Maintain evaluation-specific equipment and ensure that equipment is ready for scheduled evaluations. Promote culture of safety by ensuring site personnel are properly trained to perform assigned duties and comply with safety, environmental, federal, state & local regulations. Conduct or arrange training as necessary.
Municipal Energy Manager West Hartford, CT http://www.west-hartford.com/government/West_Hartford_Energy_Plan-2009-03-06.pdf
Green Business as Public Service Examples of explosive green business growth : Green building Clean energy Organic food and products A market for carbon?
A market for carbon? It’s already here. Chicago Climate Exchange: 225 members in 4 years Global carbon credit trading doubled from ’05 to ’06 2006 trading was more than $28 billion worldwide Leader: European Union Emissions Trading Scheme On the rise: State of California, Regional Schemes Dozens of carbon “offset” companies have begun
Finance and Investment Jobs Carbon trading Alternative energy technology innovations Alternative energy production companies “Clean Technology” companies What else?
Jobs for Scientists Per Kevin Doyle…..August 2010
Additional Information: Kevin Doyle Kevin Doyle is an independent consultant "doing business as" Green Economy. Green Economy provides research, education, facilitation, program evaluation, and strategy development for government agencies, businesses, colleges and nonprofit groups building a more sustainable world. Kevin is the co-chair of the New England Clean Energy Council's workforce development task force and is currently leading a research project to identify employment and training needs in the energy efficiency and renewable energy industries in Massachusetts. He is the co-author of The Eco Guide to Careers That Make a Difference: Environmental Work for a Sustainable World, The Complete Guide to Environmental Careers in the 21st Century, and The New Complete Guide to Environmental Careers. Kevin writes the green careers feature for www.grist.org, and delivers workshops about environmental, conservation and sustainability careers on college campuses nationwide. He is currently writing a new book about climate change careers. www.grist.org Prior to Green Economy, Kevin was a senior executive at The Environmental Careers Organization (ECO) for over fifteen years. He has also worked as a comprehensive community planner in the Seattle area, and directed a community development corporation in Eugene, Oregon. Kevin Doyle, Principal, Green Economy firstname.lastname@example.org 617-500-9996
Continued Rapid Growth for Organic Food Annual U.S. growth of 16-21% from 1997-2004 U.S. organic food sales were $12 billion Four million “organic” acres in North America 10-15% annual growth expected 2006-2010 5-10% growth projected for 2011-2025 2025 organic sales projected at $50 billion. This would still be only 6% of total U.S. food sales.
Environmental Scientists Total currently employed = 76,000 Total does not include teachers and college professors! Outlook: Steady Employer medians Median = $55,000Federal: $79,184 Low 10% = $33,210$101,723 Private: $56,000 Starting salaries average for recent BS grads: ~$34,000 44% are at local and state government agencies 8% federal government agencies 14% architecture and engineering firms 15% management, scientific and technical consulting 4% other private employers 5% are self employed
Conservation Scientists/Foresters Total = 33,959 Total does not include teachers and college professors Outlook: Slow Conservation Scientists Foresters Median = $56,515 $51,938 Low 10% = $<33,104 $32,059< Middle 50% = $42,709-$70,590 $40,125-65,152 High 10% = >$84,504 >$77,590 33% work with federal government 21% state government 11% local government 35% private industry and consulting firms Starting salaries with BS degrees average ~ $26,000-$32,100 With an MS average ~ $39,300 - $47,500 With a PhD ~ $57,000
Hydrologists Total = 8,723 Does not include teachers and college professors Outlook: Excellent Median = $66,240 Low 10% = $35,910< Middle 50% = $50,700 –$83,900 High 10% = $101,723 31% at federal government agencies 15% state government 18% management, scientific and technical consulting 5% self employed
Geoscientists* Total = 30,000 Outlook: Steady Median = $74,015 Starting average Low 10% = $40,600< w/BS = $41,762 Middle 50% = $53,048-$105,944 High 10% = >$140,8034 * See next slide for list of all geoscientist types
Biological Scientists Total = 77,000 Does not include teachers and college professors Outlook: Steady Median = $59,325 Starting salary (BS) = $35,645 (MS) = $40,953 Includes: Aquatic, marine, limnologists, biochemists, botanists, microbiologists, physiologists, biophysicists, ecologists, zoologists (e.g. ornithologists, herpetologists, ichthyologists)