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Earth and Sky: Megaliths Stonehenge development
Earth and Sky: Megaliths Stonehenge alignments Note both solar and lunar alignments come from earliest phase (Station Stone rectangle)
Earth and Sky: Megaliths Newgrange in Ireland (above) Maeshowe in Orkney (below)
Earth and Sky: Lascaux Possible lunar month series? The Pleiades??
Earth and Sky: Babylonia
Above, example of Babylonian numbers (Pythagoras’ theorem!) Right, Babylonian lunar table
Earth and Sky: Babylonia Above, motion of Sun in Babylonian Systems A and B Left, Babylonian illustration of constellation (Sagittarius)
Earth and Sky: China T’ang dynasty sky chart Chinese astronomers determining solstice
Earth and Sky: Egypt Senmut “astronomical ceiling” Pyramid orientation using β Ursae Minoris & ζ Ursae Majoris (Kate Spence)
Introduction to Astronomy Ancient cultures, early astronomers and how we got to what we know today.
Astronomy The Original Science. Astronomy Astronomy The stars and keeping time The stars and keeping time Calendar Calendar The study of all physical.
A Flemish Tapestry from the 1500s AD depicting an astronomer and others gazing at the heavens.
History of Astronomy Ancients - Antiquity Amy Nelson PHY3901 September 13, 2004.
Science in Prehistory Mankind has had a long fascination with the ‘heavens’: the motion of stars, Sun, Moon, planets, comets, meteorites, aurora, even.
Solar and Lunar Eclipses Which is lunar or solar? Why do we not have an eclipse every month? Why is the moon orange/ red? When will they happen next?
Phases of the Moon and Eclipses LunarPhasesanhdEclipseAnimate.ppt.
Astronomy Unit 1 Earths Place in the Universe. What do you think? 1.What is a light year? 2.Why is the light year important in astronomy? Note: What do.
Star Maps – Constellations SNC1D Expectations: D2.2, D3.6.
The Moon’s Phases. Sun The view from Earth I.Eclipses A. A solar eclipse only occurs at a _____________. B. A lunar eclipse only occurs at a ______________.
Earth’s Moon 3 rd grade Katonya Beaubouef. phases Different shapes the moon seems to have in the sky.
Time, Moon Phases, and Eclipses. Telling Time from the Sky Motion of the Sun on the horizon animationanimation Motion of the Sun on the horizon simulationsimulation.
MINDS ON – ROUND TABLE ACTIVITY Using one white board and one marker per group Each person takes a turn writing something then passing on board and marker.
Seasonal Motion. The Zodiac throughout the Year Example: In Winter sun in Sagittarius, Gemini at night sky; in summer sun in Gemini, Sagittarius at night.
Introduction to Astronomy What it’s All About? El Caracol, Observatory, Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico (1000 A.D.)
Geology/Physics 360 Astronomy Chapter 1: The Celestial Sphere.
Moon Phases and Eclipses. Moon Phases Half the Moon always is illuminated, but as it orbits us, our view of the bright half changes.
Ancient Chinese Astronomy has a very interesting past Chinese empire was one of the first dominant civilizations of the world The Chinese have kept.
How has the amount of daylight we are receiving changed over the last two weeks?
The Science of Astronomy Astronomy – understanding what happens in the sky Astrophysics – understanding what happens in space.
Chapter 1 Cycles of the Sky Copyright (c) The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
Daily and yearly motion intertwined Solar vs Siderial Day –Earth rotates in 23 h 56 m –also rotates around sun needs 4 min. to “catch up” Consequence:
Humankind’s fascination with the stars. Mesopotamian Astronomy The Mesopotamians had two sets of constellations: The Divine set representing their.
Solar and Lunar Eclipse Terms Lunar eclipsesolar eclipse Total eclipsepartial eclipse.
Jenn Vannucci Extra Credit Project Irish Astronomy.
What are Solar Eclipses?. Solar Eclipse The Moon is between the Sun and the Earth. Sun and the Earth. –As seen from the Earth, the Moon blocks the Sun.
Astronomy $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Earth Stars, Galaxies, & the Universe The Moon Constellations PotpourriPlanets.
Phases of the Moon During what phases are the Moon, Earth and sun aligned in a straight line? What is this phase?
Section 8.6. Two Definitions: – Astronomical – a region in the sky – Traditional - A group of stars observed from Earth often forming shapes. The signs.
Solar and Lunar Eclipses Mrs. Marro, Grade 6 Science.
EA: Ecliptic & Annual Motion Review Questions January 10, 2011.
Table of Contents Title: Natural Time Periods (Lunar Month) Page #: 18 Date: 9/24/2012 Title: Natural Time Periods (Lunar Month) Page #: 18
The Ordered Universe The Birth of Modern Astronomy (Trefil & Hazen, The Sciences, Ch 2)
1 PHASES OF THE MOON STUDY GUIDE. 2 3 What moon phase? waxing crescent.
Eclipses Solar & Lunar. Big Ideas 1.Describe the position of the Earth, sun, and moon during solar and lunar eclipses. 2.Identify where total solar and.
Eclipses What is an eclipse? The total or partial obscuring of one celestial body by another. Eclipses occur when the moon’s orbit which is tilted becomes.
Sky Motions Diurnal Motion Annual Motion. DIURNAL MOTION o Daily East / West motion of the sky Due to the Earth’s rotation (15°/hour) [360°/24 hours.
Homework: Page 282 # 1,4,6,7. Constellations are groupings of stars that form distinctive patterns. The stars in these groupings appear to be close to.
Instructions Decide what ancient site you are going to research: Stonehenge, the Sundagger, the Maeshowe, the Newgrange, or Yucatan TemplesStonehenge SundaggerMaeshoweNewgrangeYucatan.
Physics 202: Introduction to Astronomy – Lecture 2 Carsten Denker Physics Department Center for Solar–Terrestrial Research.
On page 65: fold page in ½ make 4 doors. Objectives: Identify the relative positions and motions of the Sun, Earth, and Moon Describe the phases.
Charting the Heavens TEKS: A.7: The student knows the role of the Moon in the Sun, Earth, and Moon system By the end of today, IWBAT… Answer the Review.
Chapter 3a The Science of Astronomy. 3.1 The Ancient Roots of Science In what ways do all humans employ scientific thinking? How did astronomical observations.
$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100 $200 $300 $400 $500.
The Celestial Sphere Celestial Equator Ecliptic Two intersecting planes -- the 4 cardinal pts – equinoxes and solstices.
History of Astronomy From Prehistoric Times to the Present Day.
Knowing the Heavens Chapter Two. Naked-eye astronomy had an important place in ancient civilizations Positional astronomy –the study of the positions.
Seasonal Motion. Daily and yearly motion intertwined Solar vs Siderial Day –Earth rotates in 23 h 56 m –also rotates around sun needs 4 min. to “catch.
Earth in Space Astronomy; Science Explorer, Prentice Hall.
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