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10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 1 ESA Earth Observation High Speed Network (HiSEEN) Rhodes, 10 th June 2004.

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Presentation on theme: "10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 1 ESA Earth Observation High Speed Network (HiSEEN) Rhodes, 10 th June 2004."— Presentation transcript:

1 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 1 ESA Earth Observation High Speed Network (HiSEEN) Rhodes, 10 th June 2004

2 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 2 Agenda The ESA Earth Observation use of NREN/GEANT Network solution –Technical description –Pre-operations schedule Challenges –Implementation –Operational Issues for discussion Conclusions and way forward

3 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 3 The ESA Earth Observation use of NREN/GEANT

4 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 4 The European Space Agency promotes the exploration and development of space activities in Europe The member states can perform more ambitious programmes while combining their know-how and financial resources 15 members states Funded in 1969 ESRIN ESOC ESTEC HQ The European Space Agency

5 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 5 Which are the ESA activities ? COLUMBUS (2004) Scientific laboratory for the ISS HUBBLE (1990) Universe exploration MARS ESPRESS (2003) Looking for live signs in Mars SOHO (1995) Sun observation GALILEO (2004, 2008) The European satellite navigation system ARTEMIS (2001) New telecommunication technologies ERS (1991,1995), ENVISAT (2002) Earth Study  Develop technologies based in the satellites use  Promote the European industry activities  Increase the knowledge of the:  solar system and universe  Earth and its environment The European Space Agency

6 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 6 ESA ESRIN organisation Earth Observation Directorate –Science and Application Department –Ground Segment Department Operations and Infrastructure Directorate –Information Systems Department ESACOM Network (WAN, LAN) Security & Mobility IT infrastructure

7 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 7 Satellites observing the Earth

8 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 8 EO data: Ozone hole Derivated UV index

9 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 9 Roma DEM derivated from SAR EO data: Digital Elevation Model

10 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 10 Amsterdam Airport (ERS SAR, 25 m) Portugal (ENVISAT MERIS, 300 m) EO data

11 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 11 KIRUNA ESA/ESRIN ENVISAT X-Band ARTEMIS The Earth Observation Ground Segment USERS NRT Products Ka-Band

12 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 12 F-PAC E-PAC D-PAC I-PAC UK-PAC S-PAC PDHS-K PDHS-E NRT Processing Centres at ESRIN and Kiruna Processing and Archiving Centres (PAC) in different European locations Data shipment in the Ground Segment

13 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 13 F-PAC E-PAC D-PAC I-PAC UK-PAC S-PAC PDHS-K PDHS-E NRT Processing Centres at ESRIN and Kiruna Processing and Archiving Centres (PAC) in different European locations Data shipment in the Ground Segment

14 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 14 Online Data Access Objectives The EO products shall be distributed electronically to the end users located around the world The EO data (Raw, and level 1 products) shall be primarily distributed in the Payload Data Segment electronically Phase 1 – 2004 –On-demand products distribution –Electronic data circulation between centres Phase 2 – 2005 –Interactive online data request and retrieval –Integration of non-ESA missions

15 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 15 Basic Principles On-line Archive: Mass Storage Tape Libraries or on disk User data request via Internet (order or subscription) Product retrieval via Internet: –High speed Internet backbone (GEANT/NREN) –ISP augmented with load-balancing and re-routing COTS Product distribution via Satellite Electronic data distribution between GS Centers using High Speed Intranet VPN (based on GEANT/NREN) Security –Detect and avoid unauthorized use of EO data User authentication Standard COTS encryption (IP VPN) Accounting of data downloaded –Protection from malicious intrusion ESA Network Security policy as baseline with Intrusion Detection System

16 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 16 Archive TX Architecture Acq Stations INTERNETINTERNET End Users Acq. Stations Archive SATELLITESATELLITE PFD-NS DFFS EWFS MUIS PFD-NS DFFS EWFS ESRIN Archive PFD-NS DFFS INTRANETINTRANET SDS

17 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 17 Centres Frascati (IT): ERS, Envisat Kiruna Salmijarvi (SE):ERS, Envisat, Cryosat Kiruna ESRANGE (SE):Landsat MMS, ALOS Farnborough (UK):ERS, Envisat Oberpfaffenhofen DLR (DE):ERS, Envisat, MODIS, DLR missions Matera (IT):ERS, Envisat, Landsat TM/ETM Maspalomas (ES):Envisat, ERS, SeaWiFs, NOAA CNES, Toulouse (FR):Envisat, CNES missions, Cryosat Svalbard (NO):Envisat, ADM Tromsoe (NO):ERS-2 ATSR, TPM Neustrelitz (DE):TPM, ALOS Gatineau (Canada)ERS-2, ADM Prince Albert (Canada)ERS-2, ADM (Finland)Envisat

18 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 18 Initial requirements Electronic data shipment between Centers –34 Mbps incoming or outgoing nominally 60% occupied –~200 GByte per day –MTTR maximum 1 day Internet Data distribution to users –> 34 Mbps outgoing per Centre –High availability and guaranteed QoS for NRT users Bandwidth requirements evolution (next 10 years) –X10 for EO constellations for Global Environmental Monitoring (GMES) –X50 for high resolution satellites

19 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 19 Network solution

20 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 20 HiSEEN: High-Speed Network GEANT G-WIN (Germany) Neustrelitz (DLR) Oberpfaffenhofen (DLR) Uninett (Norway) Tromsoe (KSAT) SUNET (Sweden) Kiruna Salmijarvi (SSC) Esrange (SSC) GARR (Italy) Matera (ASI, Telespazio) Frascati (ESA) Toulouse (CNES) Maspalomas (INSA) Farnborough (Infoterra) Renater (France) RedIRIS (Spain) Ukerna (UK) Svalbard (KSAT) HiSEEN (155)

21 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 21 HiSEEN NREN Connections Status

22 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 22 EO Centres Connections Speed

23 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 23 HiSEEN NREN Connections Interfaces

24 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 24 HiSEEN Generic Centre Design Others ISP Internet NREN/GEANT Internet NREN/GEANT Internet HiSEEN Router High-Speed Firewall Data Access Portal and Distribution Server Data Access Portal and Distribution Server Com-Net Data Acquisition and Processing Data Acquisition and Processing Site Front-End LAN Site Front-End LAN Data Archive Data Archive EO Centre Electronic Data Shipment Satellite Distribution Network

25 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 25 HiSEEN Secure Centre-to-Centre Communication Electronic Data Shipment Electronic Data Shipment HiSEEN Router High-Speed Firewall HiSEEN Router NREN/GEANT Internet VPN High-Speed Firewall Centre A Centre B Electronic Data Shipment Electronic Data Shipment

26 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 26 HiSEEN User Scenario Local ISP Internet NREN/GEAN T Internet NREN/GEAN T Internet Academic User Sat User Generic User HiSEEN Router Data Access Portal and Distribution Server Data Access Portal and Distribution Server Com-Net Data Acquisition and Processing Data Acquisition and Processing Site Front-End LAN Site Front-End LAN Data Archive Data Archive EO Centre Electronic Data Shipment Satellite Distribution Network

27 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 27 Pre Operations

28 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 28 Challenges: ESA is a customer with points of presence in many countries

29 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 29 ESACOM IP VPN ESTEC (Noordwijk) Kiruna Redu EAC Cologne ESOC (Darmstadt) ESRIN (Frascati) Fucino Perth Moscow Malindi Maspalomas Kourou CDN Washington Houston Brussels ESA Paris Toulouse Villafranca Ground stations used by ESA ESA ground stations Offices Establishments Ariane downrange stations Natal Libreville Ascension

30 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 30 ESACOM IP VPN Map

31 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 31 HiSEEN Implementation Challenges Several and different contracts and prizing policy to manage Different approaches in procurement phase –Direct via NRENs –Indirect via 3rd Party (SSC, KSAT) Complex interface with national TELCO –changes from country to country –difficult in some locations Different technology for Access Routers to be procured and configured –ATM, F/G-Ethernet, E3/G.703

32 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 32 Implementation Challenges In few words: –A new NREN is another small new project with consequent cost –fortunately the implementation challenges are “one off” –unfortunately some of the issues remain over time during the operational phase.

33 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 33 HiSEEN Operational Challenges Operations are carried by the ESANOC as for the ESACOM –ESANOC Team located in Italy interface with: NRENS, customer, implement changes, manage the network and related IT Infrastructure perform the administrative day to day tasks “One to many” interface with NRENs is complex Interfacing with different NREN implies: –Learning different operational procedures for handling: trouble ticket / troubleshooting maintenance changes management –often using different languages

34 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 34 HiSEEN Operational Challenges Not all NRENs provide the same services Different access to important information likes: Network Maps Tools for bandwidth utilization Tools for link health status Access to router configurations

35 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 35 Services that not all NRENs provide Tools for: –access link bandwidth utilization –link health –logical and geographical network maps and information related to utilization and available bandwidth. Notification services to the customer: –planned outages, –detected faults –foreseen time to recover Burst rate options rather than pure committed fixed rate

36 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 36 Issues for discussion A “more standard” interface for the customer rather then different interfaces End-to-end QoS –Today maybe possible only by direct agreement between 2 NRENs. Service Level Agreement (SLA) for: –performance –availability –time to repair – etc… Quick time for bandwidth adaptation –E.g. time commitment for increase of capacity

37 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 37 Connectivity Requirements Connectivity with commercial providers for Data Access Connectivity with US, Canada and Japan and southern hemisphere for Data exchange amongst Centers

38 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 38 Policy and Limitations to use the NREN/GEANT network? Earth Observation scenarios –Data: ESA or other space agencies missions Dual use missions Value-adding data for service provision EO Commercial missions (I.e.: SPOT, Ikonos –Data source: ESA centres hosted at ESA or other establishments Research institutes Public organisations Commercial centres –Destination / users Scientific users Experimental value-adding Public value-adding service providers Commercial value-adding service providers Defense

39 10 th June 2004 HiSEEN Presentation 39 Discussion and Way forward


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