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Earth in Space. Rotation Rotation is the Earth turning on its axis Rotation is responsible for day and night The Earth rotates in a counter-clockwise.

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Presentation on theme: "Earth in Space. Rotation Rotation is the Earth turning on its axis Rotation is responsible for day and night The Earth rotates in a counter-clockwise."— Presentation transcript:

1 Earth in Space

2 Rotation Rotation is the Earth turning on its axis Rotation is responsible for day and night The Earth rotates in a counter-clockwise direction 1 rotation takes 24 hours Earth rotates at a speed of 1670 km/hr or 1035 mph (circumference of the Earth at the Equator is 40,000km) (Speed=distance/time) We do not feel the speed of Earth’s rotation due to Newton’s First Law of Motion (object in motion stays in motion unless acted upon by an outside force)

3 Revolution Revolution is the movement of the Earth around the sun It takes days (1 year) for the Earth to complete one revolution The Earth revolves around the sun in an elliptical shaped orbit

4 To make up for the extra ¼ day that is takes the Earth to revolve around the sun, an extra day is added to February every 4 years This is called a Leap Year February 29, 2012 is our next Leap Year Revolution

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6 Seasons (Seasons described relative to the Northern Hemisphere) Seasons are caused by the Earth’s 23.5 o tilt on its axis. Earth is tilted toward the sun in the summer and away from the sun in winter. nce/terc/content/visualizations/es0408/es04 08page01.cfm?chapter_no=04http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_scie nce/terc/content/visualizations/es0408/es04 08page01.cfm?chapter_no=04 (seasons)www.brainpop.com

7 Summer We experience the season of summer when the North Pole is directed a full 23.5 o toward the sun Due to the positioning of the North, more direct rays of the sun are present in the summer There are longer periods of daylight and shorter nights in the summer

8 Summer Due to the longer days and more direct rays, the temperatures in summer are hottest. The Earth is actually furthest from the sun in our elliptical orbit in the summer

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10 Winter In the winter, the North Pole is directed a full 23.5 o away from the Sun There are shorter days and longer nights in the winter The Earth is further from the sun in its elliptical orbit in the winter Due to the shorter days and less direct rays of the Sun, the temperatures in winter are coldest

11 Northern and Southern Hemispheres The seasons are different in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres because of Earth’s tilt on its axis In June, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted toward the sun and people are experiencing summer and the Southern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun and people are experiencing winter

12 Solstice Solstice means Sun and stop The solstice is the time when the sun stops moving higher or lower in the sky each day The Summer Solstice is the first day of summer (June 20 or 21) The Summer Solstice is the longest day of the year and the Sun reaches its highest point in the sky The North Pole is at “full tilt” toward the sun

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15 Solstice The Winter Solstice is the first day of winter (December 21 or 22) The Winter Solstice is the shortest day of the year. The sun appears at its lowest point in the sky. The North Pole is at “full tilt” away from sun

16 Equinox Equinox is Latin for equal night The Vernal Equinox is the first day of spring (March 20 or 21) Day and night are of equal length all over the world during the Equinox

17 Equinox The Autumnal Equinox is the first day of fall (September 22 or 23)

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21 Websites on/wseason.htm (Earth’s tilt creates the 4 seasons)http://www.usatoday.com/weather/tg/wseas on/wseason.htm mations/animations/01_EarthSun_E2.htmlhttp://esminfo.prenhall.com/science/geoani mations/animations/01_EarthSun_E2.html

22 Earth and Seasons Quiz 1. Name the four seasons. ___ spring,summer, fall,winter 2. Are the Earth's seasons caused by the differences in the distance from the Sun throughout the year or the tilt of the Earth's axis? Tilt of Earth’s axis 3. What is the tilt of the Earth's axis (in degrees)? 23.5*

23 4. During which season do the Sun's rays hit the Earth at the most direct angle? Summer 5. During which season are the days the shortest? Winter 6. What is the name of the shortest day of the year (and the beginning of winter)? Winter Solstice

24 7. What is the name of the longest day of the year (and the beginning of summer)? Summer solstice 8. What is the name of a day in which the day and night are of equal duration? Equinox 9. How many times each year do we have days in which the day and night are of equal duration? 2 times 10. What are the names of each of these days? the vernal equinox and the autumnal equinox


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