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Earth Sun Relations GPH 111. What we will cover:  Where earth is in relation to the universe  Earth’s rotation and revolution  Terms important to earth’s.

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Presentation on theme: "Earth Sun Relations GPH 111. What we will cover:  Where earth is in relation to the universe  Earth’s rotation and revolution  Terms important to earth’s."— Presentation transcript:

1 Earth Sun Relations GPH 111

2 What we will cover:  Where earth is in relation to the universe  Earth’s rotation and revolution  Terms important to earth’s orbit  How earth’s tilt defines much about our climate  Where earth is in relation to the universe  Earth’s rotation and revolution  Terms important to earth’s orbit  How earth’s tilt defines much about our climate

3 Let’s start with the Sun… >91 million miles from Earth 11,000° F surface temperature 98% of total solar system Can hold ~1.3 million Earths

4 The rest of the solar system…

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6 Where is the Solar System? Our sun is one of 100 billion stars in our Galaxy

7 Where is our Milky Way Galaxy? Our galaxy resides with roughly 22 other galaxies of comparable size in what is known as the Local Group. This is Andromeda the largest galaxy in the “Local Group”.

8 How about the Local Group? The Local Group of galaxies are beginning to merge with the Virgo Cluster that has over 1,000 galaxies, each with roughly 100 billion stars.

9 Alright, so how about the Virgo Cluster? Virgo cluster is part of a super cluster of galaxies with over 100,000 galaxies, the largest structure in the universe. (Image courtesy of NASA)

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11 OK, enough of that, let’s get closer to home…

12 Earth’s motion… Copy Board Globe Earth-Sun Model Students and Globes Movie Diagram

13 Earth revolves around the sun…

14 The midnight sun… Where and when could this photo have been taken?

15 1)Label important latitudes by name and degree on one of the Earths 2)Label the solstices and equinoxes (include dates) 3)Label which latitude the sun is directly overhead on these dates 4)Label where on the planet (for each season) that is experiencing 24 hours of daylight / darkness and 12 hours of daylight and darkness Show Movie! 66.5° S Antarctic Circle 23.5° S Tropic of Capricorn 0° Equator 66.5° N Artic Circle 23.5° N Tropic of Cancer

16 Earth Sun Relations 66.5° S Antarctic Circle 23.5° S Tropic of Capricorn 0° Equator 66.5° N Artic Circle 23.5° N Tropic of Cancer 23.5° S Tropic of Capricorn 0° Equator Fall Equinox 9/21 Equal Daylight and Darkness Spring Equinox 3/21 Equal Daylight and Darkness Winter Solstice 12/21 24 hour darkness 66.5° N 24 hour daylight 66.5° S Summer Solstice 6/21 24 hour darkness 66.5° S 24 hour daylight 66.5° N

17 Solar energy distribution on Earth…

18 Things to know… Facts about the sun Names and number of planets in the solar system Number of stars in the Milky Way Galaxy Number of galaxies in the local group DIAGRAM AND LABEL EARTH SUN RELATIONS Where on our planet receives the most energy? Where receives the least? (at the top of the atmosphere) Help: Chapter ES 1)Sketch the diagram – Label important latitudes by name and degree 2)Label the solstices and equinoxes (include dates) 3)Label which latitude the sun is directly overhead on these dates 4)Label where on the planet (for each season) that is experiencing 24 hours of daylight / darkness and 12 hours of daylight and darkness


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