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Icelandic Regions 21-25 November 2011 Seminar on Regional Policy and Structural Funds ”20 Years of Experience from Bornholm in 60 Minutes” Karen-Margrethe.

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Presentation on theme: "Icelandic Regions 21-25 November 2011 Seminar on Regional Policy and Structural Funds ”20 Years of Experience from Bornholm in 60 Minutes” Karen-Margrethe."— Presentation transcript:

1 Icelandic Regions November 2011 Seminar on Regional Policy and Structural Funds ”20 Years of Experience from Bornholm in 60 Minutes” Karen-Margrethe Hansen Bager Bornholm’s Regional Municipality Regional Development / Groth Forum Secretariat

2 My story… Born on Bornholm Studied in Copenhagen Moved back to Bornholm Journalist for 5 years 1991: Structural Fund manager in County of Bornholm : Danish National Expert in DG Regio, Brussels : Head of International Department, Bornholm : Regional Development manager, Bornholm now: Head of Growth Forum Secretariat, Bornholm

3 Facts about Bornholm 589 km2 158 km coast line N to S: 40 km; E to W: 30 km Copenhagen = 145 kilometer Sweden = 37 kilometer Germany = 88 kilometer Poland = 90 kilometer inhabitants Decreasing population Ageing population Low education Traditional jobs

4 Content of Presentation Shortly: Danish structure of local and regional authorities Mostly about Bornholm’s Growth Forum Tasks and administrative set up Regional Partnership Business Development Strategy, Examples of projects co-financed from ERDF and ESF Danish Structural Fund Programme Coordination with EAFRD and EFF LEADER & Local Action Group How we make things happen… Support to beneficaries Project selection Lessons learnt Questions – (also OK during the presentation)

5 Danish local government - after structural reform 5 Regions (before 13 counties) Capitol Region (Bornholm)1.6 mill inhabitants Region Sjælland0.8 mill Region South Denmark1.2 mill Region Mid Jutland1.2 mill Region North Jutland0.6 mill Total5,4 mill (97)/98 Municipalities (before 271) 1 Regional Municipality (1) = Bornholm, inhabitants

6 Denmark’s 5 regions – and Bornholm Size of municipalities – before and after reform:

7 The division of public tasks in Denmark Collection of taxes Public transport (trains) National roads Education (higher) Environmental planning Subsidies to museums, theatres Legislation Health services Hospitals Psychiatric treatments Regional development Environmental protection Regional traffic Day-care institutions Schools Care of senior citizens Residential home for elderly people Libraries Recreation Utilities- electricity, water, sewage, waste Supervising authority Local roads and traffic Activate local tourism The State 98 Municipalities5 Regions

8 The frame: Danish law concerning trade and industry development (1)  To fulfil the EU Lisbon Treaty  Inspired by OECD-report 2001 Growth is explained by four growth drivers: Human Resources Innovation Entrepreneurship New Technology

9 The frame: Danish law concerning trade and industry development (2) Describes tasks and framework for: Danish National Growth Council Regions Regional Growth Forums Municipalities

10 Regional Growth Forums in DK 3 Tasks: Create a regional business development strategy – and implement! Recommend the use of Structural Funds (to Danish Enterprise and Construction Authority) Regional funding (to Bornholm’s Municipal Council) Monitor regional and local growth conditions

11 Composition of Bornholm’s Growth Forum 20 members – triple helix: Strong partnership between business, academia, politicians 6 members from trade and business organisations 3 members from knowledge and education institutions 6 politicians from Bornholm Municipality Council 2 members from employer and employee 3 external experts Chairman: A well known Danish businessman Vice Chairman: The mayor of Bornholm

12 Secretariat to Growth Forum Situated in the municipality; in unit for regional development Staff: Head of Secretariat Regional Fund Co-ordinator Social Fund Co-ordinator 2 administrative consultants 1 Secretary (split of two) Relates directly to the Chief Executive

13 Vision: “The Unique Bornholm - Growth via Creativity and Quality” Goals:  Stop declining population  Increase amount of (25-45) engaged in active employment  Real Economic growth: + 5 %,  400 new working places  Reduction in rate of unemployment to max. country average  Increase the general educational level  Youth education to 95 % of all Youth  Further education to 50 % of all Youth Bornholm’s Business Development Strategy,

14 Framework conditions+growth drivers+“special” Bornholm: 1. Transport - accessibility 2. Co-ordinated business promotion 3. Co-ordinated marketing and branding Human Resources Innovation and share of knowledge New technology (IKT) Entrepreneurship  Bornholm “open all year”  Rural development  Bornholm in a global perspective  Green Energy Contents of Business development strategy,

15 1. Cluster Development & Cluster Facilitator 2. Co-ordinated Business Organisation, “Single Point of Entry” 3. Branding strategy - vision: “Bornholm - Bright Green Island 2014” 4. One entrance for companies to skills and education planning 5. Ensure qualified labour force: School for Service Personal 6. Prolongation of tourism season: Education of nature guides 7. “Newcomer Guide”: Attract newcomers – and help them! 8. User driven Innovation: “Hidden treasures – 27 Harbours” 9. New Technology: Demonstration Plant for 2nd G. bio-ethanol 10. Green Energy in Innovative Networks Examples of projects – co-financed by Structural Funds

16 Bornholm’s Business Development Strategy, ” Bright Green Island – Bornholm a Green Growth-Island” 1. Bornholm as a Business Island 2. Bornholm as an Education Island 3. Bornholm as a Green Test Island 4. Bornholm as an Experience Island

17 Goals Ensure qualified labour Increase innovation Increase value of products Increase amount of jobs  Youth education to 95 % of all Youth  Further education to 50 % of all Youth  Re-education of 20 % non-skilled  Strategic competence development in 50 % of enterprises

18 1. Conference Centre “Green Solution House” 2. Modelling: Bornholms as a Bright Green Test Island 3. Help to new starters; place to stay and education 4. IT-platform for Cultural institutions 5. Continue development of Clusters 6. Event in 2012: European Ceramics Biennale 7. New Technology: in traditional enterprises 8. New Technology: in regional rood production for export 9. Development of Green constructions and spinn off 10. Business Tourism: Brigth Conventions Bornholm; Energy Tours Examples of projects – co-financed by Structural Funds

19 How to make things happen? Step by step realisation of Business Development Strategy Yearly Action Plans: ”This will we do in 2011” Depending on Business promoting actors Main responsible – co-operation partners Development contracts and yearly action plans with Business promoting actors Structural Funds also open for others Business Development Strategy: our frame to recommend Structural Fund support

20 Business promoting actors on Bornholm Business Centre Bornholm (Local business advisory) Regional Business Link Centre - Capitol Region (Special business advisory) Destination Bornholm (Tourism) Centre for Regional and Tourism Research (CRT) Bornholm’ Academy (further education) Bornholm’s Business School (vocational training) Leader-secretariat (LAG) ____ Regional Municipality of Bornholm: - Job Centre Bornholm - Growth Forum secretariat

21 Money - money - money To Bornholm’s Regional Business Development (yearly) From Capitol Region 1,5 mill euro From Bornholm 0,6 mill euro Structural Funds ( ESF + ERDF) 2,0 mill euro LAG (EAFRD and EFF) 0,6mill euro Total yearly - public money4,7 mill euro + Other external means

22 Danish Strategic Reference Framework for ERDF & ESF Innovation and Knowledge More and Better Jobs Development of human resources Establishment and development of new enterprises Innovation, knowledge sharing and knowledge building Utilisation of new technology Areas facing structural difficulties, urban areas and rural areas Environmental policy Equal opportunity policy Employment policy

23 EDRF DENMARK – Objective 2 One genuine priority only: Innovation and knowledge With three ”fields of action”: Innovation ~ 30% Use of new technology ~ 20% Entrepreneurship ~ 20% Priority two: Technical Assistance 10 pct. is distributed through competition. 35 pct. shall benefit the areas facing structural difficulties.

24 ESF DENMARK – Objective 2 The European Social Fund Objective ”More and Better Jobs” Priority 1 (Better jobs) A qualified workforce Priority 2 (More jobs) Expansion of the workforce Priority 3 Technical assistance Field of action 1.1 Development of human resources Field of action 1.2 Innovation, knowledge sharing and knowledge building Field of action 1.3 Utilisation of new technology Field of action 2.1 Development of human resources Field of action 2.2 Establishment and development of new enterprises Field of action 2.3 Utilisation of new technology

25 Coordination with Leader/LAG; EAFRD and EFF Overall Mission/Objective: Strengthen quality of life and create development in smaller communities on Bornholm

26 The priorities of the local action group of Bornholm, : Priority 1: Arts handicraft Priority 2: Regional Food Priority 3: Network between minor companies

27 From LEADER+ to LAG-Bornholm (Local Action Group with bottom up approach ) New ”light towers” came up

28 3 ”light towers” becomes 8: 1) Regional Food 2) Handicraft 3) Company network & joint working houses 4) The Nature as a ressource 5) Bornholm - an Island of Health 6) Renewable energy 7) Democracy & local development 8) Fish, sea & harbor The 3 ”old”: and 5 ”new”:

29 EU – DK - Bornholm Lisbon-strategy + EU 2020-strategy Danish Globalisation- strategy Regional Development Strategies Better Growth conditions ConcretisationRealizing of goals

30 Partnership agreement with the Government Bridging between The Danish Government’s Globalisation Strategy The Regional Growth Forum’s Development Strategy 2007: 9 priority areas and 34 initiatives 2008: + 22 initiatives 2009: + 12 initiatives 2010: New agreement 2011: Awaits new government Gives Bornholm direct acces to ministries Ministry of Business and Growth co-ordinates

31 Support to beneficaries Contact the Growth Forum Secretariat before you start an applicaion! The Secretariat gives advise – but are not making the application Make Work Shops: What’s a good project Evaluation Over all Criteria: Must comply with our Business Development Strategy – and Danish Structural Fund Programme. Regional Growth Forum appraise projects for co-funding from the structural funds – or reject. In close contact with Danish Enterprise and Construction Authority The Agency Checks compliance with legal requirements Writes out grant offer letters or rejection letters Takes care of the follow-up administration.

32 Bornholm: Lessons learnt – so far You need to allocate resources Establishment of Growth Forum: New vitamins! Hard work to come from paper to actions Who can implement the agreed actions? Clear division of roles and tasks among key actors Limitation: Financial capability of key actors Communication and information to “the locals” Challenge: measuring the effects Size of projects: Not too small – administrative burden Have focus – few priority areas Survival of good projects after end of EU-money Social Capital: Very important ingredient Lobby activities: both national and towards EU

33 but first agree on which track to follow…! Alone we can do so little together we can do so much -

34 Thank you for listening!!


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