Louis Armstrong Born August 4,1901. Nicknamed “Satchmo” Born in New Orleans Came from a poor family and was sent to reform school when he was twelve after firing a gun in the air in New Year’s Eve He was famous for playing the trumpet Because of him, solos became the key elements of Jazz ensemble performances He came up with scatting such as “Heebie Jeebies” He died on July 6,1971.
She was born on April 7, 1915, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She met Lester Young a saxophonist who nicknamed her “Lady Day” She had problems with drugs and alcohol, was arrested several times because of narcotic charges. The reason for the drug usage was because her personal life began far apart because of her professional life She was considered the best vocalist of her time and influenced others to follow her footsteps She later died in 1959.
Duke Ellington Edward Kennedy Ellington was born in Washington D.C. He studied piano and painting from age six, and acquired his nickname from a boyhood friend. In 1917 he won a poster design contest sponsored by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and this prompted him to leave high school before graduation to work on his own sign-painting business, however a year later he turned down the scholarship from the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn and devoted himself exclusively to music. He Played a major role in the Cotton Club.
Aaron Douglas Aaron Douglas was born in Topeka, Kansas He painted murals for public buildings and produced illustrations and cover designs for many black publications including The Crisis and Opportunity. He received B.A. degrees from the University of Nebraska in 1922 and from the University of Kansas in 1923. In 1940 he moved to Nashville, Tennessee, where he founded the Art Department at Fisk University and taught for twenty nine years. Into the Bondage Into Bondage
The Cotton club The Harlem Renaissance Cotton club is one of the most famous nightclubs in history. The early years of The Cotton Club can be seen through the eyes of the great bandleader Duke Ellington. Duke put together one of the most talented jazz bands ever to walk on stage to play for the patrons of The Cotton Club six nights a week. Gangster Owen "The Killer" Madden bought the "Club Deluxe" from Jack Johnson, the former boxing world champion, and renamed the venue The Cotton Club.