Theory & Research Home-Based Life-Saving Skills in Liberia: Acquisition and Retention of Skills and Knowledge(2010). (Community health project) * Purpose of the study * Sample How did they use the theory Using the model Measuring concepts *Conclusions
Theory & Research Participants' Assessments of the Effects of a Community Health Worker Intervention on Their Diabetes Self- Management and Interactions with Healthcare Providers (2009) (Community -based participatory research) * Purpose of the study * Sample How did they use the theory Using the model Measuring concepts *Conclusions
Application of Theory * Administration : Saving strategies to reduce work load by reducing time of hospitalization and doctor visit. Building stronger health care services system where patients become decision maker and be an active participant. Education : Community intervention of disease prevention program for school age children about Ascariasis. Health education program for new teen mothers focusing on post partum depression. Practice : Community empowerment group for families and patient after sever stroke ( cerebral vascular accident ) Transportation to and from health care facilities for families who live in rural area in the city of Jeddah.
Avenues for Future research Internationally : How Community empowerment can be applied in Arab countries after spring revolution? Are empowering communities to promote health after natural disaster or war necessary as a part of community recovery or not? Locally : What are the benefits of community empowerment projects on the coming generation in teen mothers post partum depression research ? Can community empowerment program that encourages healthy behavior (healthy diet and regular exercise) reduce depression and suicide by increasing quality of life?
Theory strengths and weaknesses Strengths : 1. Theory is simple and organized 2.Can be applied in rural area with limited recourses 3.Theory is supported by empirical references 4.Outcomes of community empowerment intervention are measured 5.Theory was developed based on experience and observation Weaknesses : 1.Model
References: Dawson, A., & Joof, B. (2005). Seeing, thinking and acting against malaria: a new approach to health worker training for community empowerment in rural Gambia. Rural & Remote Health, 5(4). Retrieved on 11/10/12 from http://www.rrh.org.au/publishedarticles/article_print_353.pdf http://www.rrh.org.au/publishedarticles/article_print_353.pdf Hildebrandt, E. (1994). A model for community involvement in health (CIH) program development. Social Science in Medicine, 39(2), 247-254. Retrieved on 11/10/12 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8066503 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8066503 Hildebrandt, E. (1999). Focus group on vulnerable population: insight into client strengths and needs in complex community health care environments. Nursing and health care perspectives, 20(5), 256-260. Retrieved on 11/10/12 from http://uic.illiad.oclc.org/illiad/IAX/logon.html http://uic.illiad.oclc.org/illiad/IAX/logon.html
References: Lori, J. R., Majszak, C. M. and Martyn, K. K. (2010), Home-Based Life-Saving Skills in Liberia: Acquisition and Retention of Skills and Knowledge. Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health, 55: 370–377. doi: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2009.09.016. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.proxy.cc.uic.edu/doi/10.1016/j.jmwh.2009.09.016/full http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.proxy.cc.uic.edu/doi/10.1016/j.jmwh.2009.09.016/full Running, A., Martin, K., & Tolle, L. (2007). An innovative model for conducting a participatory community health assessment. Journal Of Community Health Nursing, 24(4), 203-213. Retrieved on 11/10/12 from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx? direct=true&db=rzh&AN=2009748728&site=ehost-livehttp://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx? direct=true&db=rzh&AN=2009748728&site=ehost-live Smith, M. J., & Liehr, P. R. (2003). Middle range theory for nursing. (pp. 111-122). NY: Springer Publishing Company. Heisler, Spencer, Forman, Robinson, Shultz, Palmisano, Graddy-Dansby, & Kieffer( 2009). Participants' Assessments of the Effects of a Community Health Worker Intervention on Their Diabetes Self- Management and Interactions with Healthcare Providers.American Journal of Preventive Medicine, ( 37) 6, S270-S279, ISSN 0749-3797, doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2009.08.016. Retrieved on 11/13/12 from ://www.sciencedirect.com.proxy.cc.uic.edu/science/article/pii/S0749379709005315# ://www.sciencedirect.com.proxy.cc.uic.edu/science/article/pii/S0749379709005315#