Presentation on theme: "Patricia A. Edwards, Ph.D. Distinguished Professor"— Presentation transcript:
1Building a Strong Foundation for School Success around the Common Core Standards at Home and School Patricia A. Edwards, Ph.D.Distinguished ProfessorMichigan State UniversityPresident, International Reading AssociationSage Spring Speaker SeriesMarch 18, 2013
3“Many mothers are distressed about releasing their child to the care of the a distant person because they fear the external judgments made about their parenting during the first five years of the child’s life” (Lightfoot,1978, p. 87).
4Many of these mothers are distressed, according to France and Meeks (1987), because they “do not have the basic skills [and] are greatly handicapped in meeting the challenge of creating a ‘curriculum of the home’ to prepare their children to succeed in school” (p. 222).France, M. G., & Meeks, J. W. (1987). Parents who can’t read: What the schools can do. Journal of Reading, 31,
5Nurturing Relationships Relationships are the foundation of all infant learningAll early experiences are in the context of a relationship with an adultLanguage develops as a result of experiencesAny other “bites” of research?
11Hart and Risley (1995) conducted a longitudinal study of children and families from three groups: Professional familiesWorking-class familiesFamilies on welfare
12“The invisible curriculum of child rearing” Hart & Risley (1995)
13Interesting FactBy one estimate the typical middle-class child enters first grade with 1,000 to 1,700 hours of one-on-one picture book reading, whereas a child from a low-income family averages just 25 hours.Source: Every Child Ready to Read, Association for Library Service to Children
15“ The book to read is not the one which thinks for you, but the one which makes you think.” McCosh
16The Face of a Child Adapted from: Annual Growth For All Students, Catch-up Growth For Those Who Are Behind - Lynn Fielding, Nancy Kerr, and Paul Rosier“We never really leave our non-reading children behind. We may forget about them, but we are chained to them socially and economically. Like a ship and its anchor, we must either lift them up or drag them along behind us. It is time we teach our Tony’s to read. It’s the promise of education.” (p. 145)
17Poor Reading Ability Leads to… academic disengagement and dropping out of school (Reschly, 2010).
19The Building Blocks of Literacy ConceptsOf PrintHow to “usebooks &printAlphabetKnowledgeThe shapes &sounds of lettersPhonologicalAwarenessThe soundsof spokenlanguageOralLanguageTalking &listening
20The path to literacy begins long before children begin formal reading instruction, and experiences that occur in the home influence the later course of children’s reading success. (Peterson, 2007, p. 8)
21Families Families provide the foundation for reading achievement “Literacy begins in the home, not the school…instruction should build on the foundation forliteracy learning established in the home”(Au, 1993, p. 35).
22Schools are communicating with a variety of parent groups Unwed teenage mothersTwo-parent homeless familiesSingle-parent familiesStepfamiliesWorking mothersFoster familiesGrandparents
23Schools are communicating with a variety of parent groups Gay and lesbian familiesTwo-parent familiesLow-literate parentsCulturally diverse parent groupsExtended, reconstituted or blended familiesUnemployed parents
24Parents differ in their perceptions and conceptions about school and the schooling process.
25Differentiated Parenting and Parentally Appropriate I coined two terms: differentiated parenting and parentally appropriate (Edwards, 2009). I proposed the concept of differentiated parenting as a way to urge schools not to place all parents into one basket. When schools design programs for parents, one size does not fit all. I used the term parentally appropriate to stress the point that “because parents are different, tasks and activities must be compatible with their capabilities” (p. 83). This is not to say that parents’ goals for their children vary greatly (they all want their children to succeed in school), but it’s clear that their children’s perspectives, and abilities affect their capacity to support their children in particular ways (Edwards, 2009).
27Transforming the Education System How we think about Common Core in context of other standards and education reform levers.
28What was the need for common standards? Additionally, as Secretary of Education Arne Duncan says, “For the first time, a child in Mississippi and a child in Massachusetts will be judged by the same yardstick.”Newsweek, April 11, 2011
31Six Goals of Dakar - EFA 1. ECCE - Early Childhood care and education. 2. UPE - Free and compulsory basic education .3. Learning opportunities for Young & Adults.4. Literacy Rate (50% improvement).5. Gender equality - elimination of gender disparities.6. Quality of education - Learning achievement.
32An educational achievement league of 24 rich countries The Top 5Other countries1 Republic of Korea1.412 France12.62 Japan2.218 USA16.23 Finland4.419 Germany17.04 Canada5.021 Spain18.65 Australia6.222 Italy20.2Table shows average rank in all five areas described in previous slide.The table shows average ranks of all five measures. Source: UNICEF Innocenti Report Card No 4, November 2002.
34A Nation At Risk: The Imperative For Educational Reform (1983)
35Becoming a Nation of Readers: The Report of the Commission on Reading (1984)
36President Lyndon B. Johnson State of the Union address, January 8, 1964 The legacy of the War on Poverty remains in the continued existence of such federal programs as Head Start and Job Corps.
37President George H. W. Bush (Daddy Bush) "By the YearAll children in America will start school ready to learn.The high school graduation rate will increase to at least 90 percent.All students will leave grades 4, 8, and 12 having demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter including English, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics an government, economics, the arts, history, and geography, and every school in America will ensure that all students learn to use their minds well, so they may be prepared for responsible citizenship, further learning, and productive employment in our nation's modern economy.United States students will be first in the world in mathematics and science achievement.Every adult American will be literate and will possess the knowledge and skills necessary to compete in a global economy and exercise the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.Every school in the United States will be free of drugs, violence, and the unauthorized presence of firearms and alcohol and will offer a disciplined environment conducive to learning.The nation's teaching force will have access to programs for the continued improvement of their professional skills and the opportunity to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to instruct and prepare all American students for the next century.Every school will promote partnerships that will increase parental involvement and participation in promoting the social, emotional, and academic growth of children."
38President Bill Clinton—State of the Union Address, January 23, 1996 “Parents who know their children’s teachers and help with the homework and teach their kids right from wrong—these parents can make all the difference.”
39President George W. Bush Reading FirstEarly Reading FirstBecause of No Child Left Behind, closing the achievement gap is now a national priority.
40President Barack Obama—September 8, 2008, Dayton Ohio Speech [Success] starts in our families. Because no education policy can replace a parent who’s involved in their child’s education from day one—who makes sure that their children are in school on time, helps them with their homework after dinner, and attends those parent-teacher conferences. No government program can turn off the TV set or put away the video games or read to your children.
41History of Standards1989 – National Governors Association gives birth to the standards movement1990 – National Education Goals Panel established1996 – Achieve, Inc. launched2001 – No Child Left Behind becomes law2009 – Common Core State Standards effort2010 – Common Core State StandardsThe Common Core State Standards were not just born this year, last year, or the year before. They can actually be traced back to 1989 when the National Governors Association gave birth to the standards movement.
42Where did Common Core State Standards (CCSS) come from?
46Strengths of the New Common Core Parents will know what is expected of their children at each grade level.Standards give parents specific information when talking with teachers during the school year.Standards assure parents their children have access to the same high-quality education as other students in New York and in other parts of the country.Parents will know that their child is learning skills and knowledge to be successful in the 21st century.
47What are the benefits for parents of common standards? A common set of standards ensures that all students, no matter where they live, will be focused on graduating from high school prepared for postsecondary education and careers. In an increasingly mobile society, families with children transferring to new schools will not have to adjust to new learning expectations. Standards will be the same for all students in states adopting the CCSS, making transitions smoother for students.In a competitive global economy, all students must compete with not only American peers in other states, but with students from around the world. The CCSS were designed to prepare students to succeed in this environment.Common standards will facilitate conversation among parents, teachers, and children about high-level academic learning goals. Because common standards define exactly what students should know and be able to do at each grade level, they will help parents hold their schools accountable for teaching students in ways that support learning of the important content and skills defined by the CCSS.With adoption of the CCSS, states and districts can share experiences, methods of assessment, teaching practices, instructional materials, and approaches to helping parents support and reinforce learning at home.
48What are the benefits for parents of common standards? A common set of standards ensures that all students, no matter where they live, will be focused on graduating from high school prepared for postsecondary education and careers. In an increasingly mobile society, families with children transferring to new schools will not have to adjust to new learning expectations. Standards will be the same for all students in states adopting the CCSS, making transitions smoother for students.In a competitive global economy, all students must compete with not only American peers in other states, but with students from around the world. The CCSS were designed to prepare students to succeed in this environment.Common standards will facilitate conversation among parents, teachers, and children about high-level academic learning goals. Because common standards define exactly what students should know and be able to do at each grade level, they will help parents hold their schools accountable for teaching students in ways that support learning of the important content and skills defined by the CCSS.With adoption of the CCSS, states and districts can share experiences, methods of assessment, teaching practices, instructional materials, and approaches to helping parents support and reinforce learning at home.
49Parent Questions Will my child’s teacher be doing anything different? Teachers will be preparing their lessons with the new standards in mind and working with the students to help them achieve expectations.Will expectations of my child change?Students will be learning based on new standards, however, changes will be made gradually. Teachers will be working to make sure students are prepared for the next grade level, including new standards when appropriate.How will I know when my school is teaching the new Standards?Each school may have a different timeline for their school to use the new standards. Ask your child’s teacher or principal about the new standards. New assessments based on the new standards will replace ISAT and PSAE beginning in 2014.How can I help my child?Continue to talk to your child about what they are learning. Talk to the teachers regularly about your child and how he or she is doing. Ask your child’s teacher for suggestions on how to support school work at home.
50Aligning the Education System to College- and Career-ReadinessStandardsAssessmentAccountabilityCollege- and career-readiness is national focus. A lot of national excitement now on education.50
51Why Now?Increase awareness of global integration- economy and society (supports move away from local control over education)All students approach21st Century technology and mobilityState ledPolitical and financial incentives
52Intentional design limitations :How teachers should teach.All that can or should be taught.The nature of advanced work beyond the core.The interventions needed for students well below grade level.The full range of support for English learners and students with special needs.Everything needed for students to be college- and career-ready.52
53America's future walks through the doors of our schools every day. We need to do something differently --- for more than thirty years the issue has been studied – and we have some, but not all of the answers –We need to get out of our “boxes” and think about what we can do differently to be able to serve all children as they walk through the doors of our schools.America's future walks through the doors of our schools every day.Mary Jean LeTendre