Presentation on theme: "Bryson’s “Westernizing Bodies”"— Presentation transcript:
1Bryson’s “Westernizing Bodies” Women as objects of modernityDiplomatic arena, artistic arena
2Kawakami Tôgai (1827-1881) 1827 born to wealthy farming family Adopted by Kawakami samurai family on move to EdoTrained in western art, believer in rationality, practicality, scientific skillsPortrait here by Koyama Shotaro, 1881.
3Kawakami and technical mastery 1857 joins Tokugawa bakufu institute for study of the barbarians1869 Kawakami founds private art school for Western artState patronage:Kawakami primer in pencil drawing part of elementary school curriculumEarly 1870s Kawakami instructor in military academiesTechnological Art School founded--Antonio Fontanesi
4Kuroda Seiki (1866-1924) and artistic mastery Satsuma samurai familyIn Paris to study law, 1886 switched to art1893 returns to JapanFounds White Horse Society, 18961907 helps create “Bunten” gov’t-sponsored salon
5Bryson’s assertion, p. 114“The imagery of Western women produced by Meiji artists working in France reveals much the same pattern of male-female power relations as that of European modernism as a whole: what constitutes the modernity of the paintings is inseparable from representation of the supremacy of men over women.”
6Manet’s Le Déjuner sur l'herbe, 1863 (Musée d'Orsay, Paris)
7Kuroda Seiki Lakeside (1897) [Kuroda Memorial Hall] Morning Toilette (1893)
13Meiji painters who studied in Raphaël Collin’s studio Kuroda SeikiKume KeiichirôYamashita ShintarôWada EisakuOkada SaburôsukeKojima TorajirôWhite Horse Society gathering in Paris, 1900Kuroda painting of Kume, in their shared rooms/studio Paris, 1889Images from Kume Museum of ArtKume’s lecture notes Tokyo Art School
14QuestionsHow does yôga fit with nihonga? Shared space at 1907 Bunten exhibition--parallel but separate development?How do we reconcile Nolte and Hastings’ “cult of productivity” with Bryson’s assertion of male subjectivity, female essentially passive “objectivity?”How do we reconcile the Meirokusha’s early 1870s attempts to achieve gender equality, in the name of raising Japan’s level of civilization, with Bryson’s interpretation of gender relations in Europe and late Meiji?
15Yokoyama Taikan, Ryûtô 1909 Close-up Miriam Wattles on Ryûtô--“In its ambiguity, Ryûtô reconciled the perceived dichotomies of East versus West and tradition versus modernity. Through its Indian subject, it asserted a Japanese Asia. In its fusion of styles, techniques, and genres, this idealized painting made tangible Taikan’s fantasy of India. Its success made his fantasy public.”“The 1909 Ryûtô and the Aesthetics of Affectivity,” Art Journal (Fall 1996), p. 48Link to Tenshin Memorial Museum of Art
16Japan and Asia: Escape or embrace, Rescue or mastery? Source: Both images taken from Peter Duus, “Presidential Address: Weapons of the Weak, Weapons of the Strong--the Development of the Japanese Political Cartoon.” Journal of Asian Studies 60.4 (November 2001).