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HPS Conference September 2006 Promoting physical activity among high school learners: facing the challenge Prof Jose Frantz (PhD) Ms T Pillay (MSc) University.

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Presentation on theme: "HPS Conference September 2006 Promoting physical activity among high school learners: facing the challenge Prof Jose Frantz (PhD) Ms T Pillay (MSc) University."— Presentation transcript:

1 HPS Conference September 2006 Promoting physical activity among high school learners: facing the challenge Prof Jose Frantz (PhD) Ms T Pillay (MSc) University of the Western Cape

2 HPS Conference September 2006 Content of presentation Background –Health Promoting schools –Physical activity and physical education intervention in schools –Highlighting the challenges Aim of the study Methodology Results Conclusion

3 HPS Conference September 2006 Background A health promoting school is a place where all members of the school community work, learn, live and play together to promote the health and well being of learners, staff, parents and the wider community The HPS concept provides the basis for the spreading of health ideas and practices from the school and the community

4 HPS Conference September 2006 Health promoting schools Strategies include: –Strengthening the ability to advocate improved school health programmes –Creating networks and alliances for the development of health promoting schools –Strengthening national capacities –Research to improve school health programmes

5 HPS Conference September 2006 HPS Guidelines (WHO, 1996) School health policies Physical environment of the schools School’s social environment Community relationships Personal health skills Health services

6 HPS Conference September 2006 Principles for HPS (ENHPS, 1997) Democracy Equity Empowerment School environment Curriculum Teacher training Measuring success Collaboration Communities Sustainability

7 HPS Conference September 2006 Question???? Are health promoting schools able to meet the challenges of the various stakeholders as it relates to physical activity interventions in schools and the re-introduction of physical education

8 HPS Conference September 2006 Physical activity and physical education interventions Various countries have provided a number of initiatives to provide quality physical education in schools In South Africa history reveals that there is a low institutional priority for physical education in schools This is attributed to : –Lack of qualified PE teachers –Lack of adequate facilities in most schools –Non-examination status of physical education

9 HPS Conference September 2006 Challenges facing physical education in SA schools Health Promoting Schools Concept First SA National Risk Behaviour Survey USSASA Prevalence of CDL as it relates to physical inactivity

10 HPS Conference September 2006 THUS In order to improve the current situation, the conventional ideas of the school physical education programme needs to be reconsidered and more serious consideration should be given to the prefences and needs of the key stakeholders namely the learners and teachers

11 HPS Conference September 2006 Aim of the Study To determine the views of teachers and learners with regards to the re- introduction of physical education and promotion of physical activity in schools in a local community school

12 HPS Conference September 2006 Methods Participants: high school learners and teachers from a school in a local community in the Western Cape Data collection: Focus groups held separately with learners and teachers Data was analysed into themes looking at barriers as well as recommendations

13 HPS Conference September 2006 Results Barrier Themes –Lack of time –Facilities –Resources: staff and equipment –Finances –Quality of programmes –Attitudes –Lack of foresight of Dept of Education

14 HPS Conference September 2006 Lack of time “School homework and housework takes preference over sport” Female, 16. “ The library at school cannot help with projects and lots of time is spent going to other libraries and thus no time for sport” Male, 15

15 HPS Conference September 2006 Attitude “My mother shouts at me if I go and play sport when I should rather help her at home with the housework” Female, 15 It is safer to go home directly after school than hang around here at school, Female 15

16 HPS Conference September 2006 Recommendation Themes –Dedicated time in school curriculum –Qualified teachers –Co-operation between schools, community and tertiary institutions –Change management –Facilities –Funding

17 HPS Conference September 2006 Dedicated school time “ If all physical activities took place during school time more of us would be able to attend” “ PE periods should be longer and have more impact … perhaps more structured”

18 HPS Conference September 2006 Change management Learners Teachers Governing bodies

19 HPS Conference September 2006 Change management: learners “ A vacuum exists for many years and it is difficult for learners to just accept that sport is a compulsory aspect of education”

20 HPS Conference September 2006 Change management: teachers “ The rich schools can afford it, they can employ PE teachers. We don’t have the money or the resources.”

21 HPS Conference September 2006 Change management: governing bodies of schools “ It is difficult to do sport if the facilities are not there. Priorities from the governing body is still centered around the academic programme with little or not regard for sport. The academic need is just to great”

22 HPS Conference September 2006 Conclusion Currently in South Africa, the HPS concept is well supported and a much needed movement As the health promoting schools concept is introduced to more schools the challenges highlighted in the current study needs to be addressed

23 HPS Conference September 2006 Acknowledgements VLIR Canon Trust Learners and Teachers from the schools

24 HPS Conference September 2006 Thank you

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