2 Who were they? Oswald Külpe (1862-1915) Karl Marbe (1869-1953) Founded an Institute of Psychology in Wüzburg to study THOUGHT PROCESSES (as opposed to thought content
3 Thought processes? For example: What is the process of this like? JudgmentKnowingUnderstandingInterpretingWhat is the process of this like?As opposed to: what is the content of this like?
4 Some of Külpe students Max Wertheimer Kurt Koffka Richard Pauli Albert MichotteBasically the who 's who of the gestalt movement
5 An experiment by Albert Michotte Go toDo the 4 experimentsIn what ways do those experiments deal with thought process rather than thought content?(note : these are Gestalt experiments)
6 Karl Marbe's methodUses the method of SYSTEMATIC SELF OBSERVATION (spoken reflection) to get at the process of thought.For example. Solve the following riddle:Sisters and brothers have I none, but that man's father is my father's son. How is this possible? And as you work at solving it, keep track of your thinking process.How is this different from introspection?
7 Other members of the Würzburg school (1) Karl Bühler ( )His wife is Charlotte Bühler, a well known developmentalistSome famous students were Konrad Lorenz (etology), Neal Miller and Edward Tolman (cognitive behaviorism)
8 Other members of the Würzburg school (2) Narziss Kaspar Ach ( )Introduces the concept of "determining tendencies". See for example this experiment by Ach in concept learningHow does the child's behavior change from random to determined?
9 Other members of the Würzburg school (3) Otto Selz ( ) (died in Auschwitz)The notion of "schematic anticipation", leads to the concept of AIFor example: what should go in the missing places?
10 What did Wundt think of this? Too phenomenologicalToo qualitativeWhat do you think?