2Who were they? Oswald Külpe (1862-1915) Karl Marbe (1869-1953) Founded an Institute of Psychology in Wüzburg to study THOUGHT PROCESSES (as opposed to thought content
3Thought processes? For example: What is the process of this like? JudgmentKnowingUnderstandingInterpretingWhat is the process of this like?As opposed to: what is the content of this like?
4Some of Külpe students Max Wertheimer Kurt Koffka Richard Pauli Albert MichotteBasically the who 's who of the gestalt movement
5An experiment by Albert Michotte Go toDo the 4 experimentsIn what ways do those experiments deal with thought process rather than thought content?(note : these are Gestalt experiments)
6Karl Marbe's methodUses the method of SYSTEMATIC SELF OBSERVATION (spoken reflection) to get at the process of thought.For example. Solve the following riddle:Sisters and brothers have I none, but that man's father is my father's son. How is this possible? And as you work at solving it, keep track of your thinking process.How is this different from introspection?
7Other members of the Würzburg school (1) Karl Bühler ( )His wife is Charlotte Bühler, a well known developmentalistSome famous students were Konrad Lorenz (etology), Neal Miller and Edward Tolman (cognitive behaviorism)
8Other members of the Würzburg school (2) Narziss Kaspar Ach ( )Introduces the concept of "determining tendencies". See for example this experiment by Ach in concept learningHow does the child's behavior change from random to determined?
9Other members of the Würzburg school (3) Otto Selz ( ) (died in Auschwitz)The notion of "schematic anticipation", leads to the concept of AIFor example: what should go in the missing places?
10What did Wundt think of this? Too phenomenologicalToo qualitativeWhat do you think?