Presentation on theme: "School Councils & Policy Making"— Presentation transcript:
1School Councils & Policy Making – An Overview –Yukon School Councils Fall 2013 ConferencePrepared by Yukon Education – Policy, Planning & Evaluation
2Policy Making – An Overview IntroductionLegislation, Regulation and PolicyPolicy Development in Yukon EducationSchool Council Policies – jurisdictionSchool Council Policies – examplesWhat Makes a Good PolicyWhen to Make a Policy…or NotEffective Policy DevelopmentQ&A
3Legislation, Regulation & Policy Legislation / Acts / Statutes – sets fundamental framework & major policy decisions; made by elected officials. Education ActRegulations – subordinate to legislation; delegation of law-making authority; subordinate to main principles of Act, provides more detail but not major policy decisions. Act is paramount. School Council Election RegulationsRules & Bylaws – procedural aspects within powers of legislation or regulation Education Appeal TribunalPolicy – expresses govt. direction on the management of public affairs; guidance in applying legislation. Not binding legal effect or enforceable under law but binding given govt. direction and authority. More flexible; some discretion in application. School Growth Planning Policy
4What is Policy?Refers to plans, positions and guidelines of government which influence decisions by governmentMany forms and levels:Broad policy stating govt.-wide directionSpecific policy for a particular sector or issue-areaOperational policy guiding decision on programsExamples –Corporate Health & Safety (Yukon govt. wide)School Growth Planning Policy (dept. wide)FH Collins Attendance Policy (school council)
5Policy Development – Yukon Education Formal Process in “Policy Development Process Policy”Deputy Minister ApprovalAnnual Work Plan – Policy Priorities ( )School Council Input on Policy Development:Policy Advisory CommitteeAYSCBC RoleYukon Education WebsiteExamples - School Growth Planning Policy, Research in Schools Policy
6School Council Policies - Jurisdiction Within the framework of policies issued by Yukon Education under the Education Act:School Boards have the authority to establish policies for the administration, management and operation of their schools (CFSY) s. 116(1)School Councils may establish policies on any matter within their jurisdiction. s. 113(2)(e)School Councils and School Board may establish, modify and approve school rules and other related School Council responsibilities in cooperation with school administration. S. 39(1)
7School Council Policies - Jurisdiction Education Act section 113(1) requires that a School Council shall:(d) establish a procedure for resolving disputes between schools, parents and teachers (in consultation with the superintendent, school administration and teachers)(i) establish and attendance policy for students who are enrolled in its school.
8School Council Policies- Examples F. H. Collins Secondary School – Conduct Policy, Student AttendanceEcole Whitehorse Elementary – Dispute Resolution PolicyDel Van Gorder – Substitute Teacher Code of ConductPorter Creek Secondary School – General Discipline PolicyOthers?
9Good Policy Making Effective School Council Policies: Are precise Reflect the overall values of the school & communityClearly define the school system’s goals & objectivesAre flexible and able to effectively respond to operational issues as they ariseCreate a shared understanding by clearly defining expectations, roles and responsibilitiesEnvision and measure clear outcomesAre written in plain language and easily understoodAre regularly reviewed and communicatedTaken from AYSCBC Resource “Resource Document for Policy Development and Review for School Councils”
10When to Make a Policy…or Not Critical – understanding the problem that needs to be addressedDefining the Problem or Issue (what)Analyzing the issue, obtaining different perspectivesSituating the problem within a context (why)Understanding frequency and scopeSupport and Resources
11Where To Start? Education Act and Regulations Yukon Education Website – PoliciesSchool Websites – School Council PoliciesDept. Support – Policy, Planning & EvaluationSuperintendents, Public Schools
12Effective Policy Development High Level Attributes:Leadership Direction & SupportIssue IdentificationIssue Research & AnalysisGeneration of Options & SolutionsConsultationPerformance Monitoring
13Communicating PolicyImportance of communicating policies when developed and updated.Know your audience – plain languageWide-circulation to students, staff and parentsSchool websites, student and staff handbooksVisible and available in the school
14Policy Making Resources: AYSCBC Resource Document Manitoba Auditor General – Guide to Policy Development content/uploads/2011/06/PolicyDevelopmentGuide.pdfYukon Education WebsiteYukon Education – Policy, Planning and Evaluation Branch