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School Safety ANNEXURE XII. School safety has been defined as the creation of safe Environments for children starting from their homes to their schools.

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Presentation on theme: "School Safety ANNEXURE XII. School safety has been defined as the creation of safe Environments for children starting from their homes to their schools."— Presentation transcript:

1 School Safety ANNEXURE XII

2 School safety has been defined as the creation of safe Environments for children starting from their homes to their schools & back. Disaster is defined as a ‘serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society causing widespread human, material, economic or economic losses which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. ANNEXURE XII

3 NATURAL HAZARDS Earthquakes: Richter M 5.5 to 8.7 in different Zone III, IV & V Floods: River plains Local choking of Drains Wind: 33 – 55 m/s ( km/h) Fire : Any where due to various causes Landslides: In mountain areas ANNEXURE XII

4 Why Safety Measures Required There had been devastating fires in school function in Dabwali in Haryana and in Sri Krishna School in Khumba Konam in Tamilnadu in which large number school children lost their lives. These incidents shook the conscious of the nation and there after concerted efforts started for constructing safe school buildings under SSA. Thus children are most vulnerable in earthquakes in other disasters. Damage and loss of furnishings, equipment and building contents. Disruption of education program and school operation. ANNEXURE XII

5 A TERRIBLE HUMAN TRAGEDY Over 1.1 million homes affected; 4 Kachchh towns in ruins ANNEXURE XII

6 A TERRIBLE HUMAN TRAGEDY Over 5,000 Health units damaged / destroyed Bhuj General HospitalHigh School of Dudhai Village Over 42,000 School rooms damaged / destroyed ANNEXURE XII

7 EARTHQUAKE HAZARD ZONES 2002 Area under the zones V 10.8% IV 17.5% III~30.8% Total damageable ~ 59% V V III V IV V ANNEXURE XII

8 WIND & CYCLONE HAZARD ZONES IN INDIA ANNEXURE XII

9 FLOOD HAZARD PRONE AREAS OF INDIA ANNEXURE XII

10 Hazard Hunt Hazards include structural & non – structural factors. Structural factors include dilapidated structures, poorly designed structures, faulty construction, poorly maintained structures. Non structural factors include loosely packed heavy objects such as almirahs, infestation of the campus by snakes and other pests, broken or no boundary walls, uneven floorings, blocked evacuation routes, poorly designed and placed furniture that may cause accidents and injury. ANNEXURE XII

11 Implementation of Safety action School safety is not a one time effort. The institutions need to evolve a methodology and an approach that looks at safety as a continuously monitored indicator of quality. States to ensure that guidelines, disaster action plan and other policy issues related with the preparedness for the disaster management are complied with. States are also to ensure that guidelines issued by the Govt. of India on fire fighting and earthquake are also complied with ANNEXURE XII

12 All existing as well as new schools need to confirm to safety & standards as per the National building code. In addition, any other norms prescribed by the state Govt. need to be adhered to. New school should be located as per the RTE act on a site which is against any imminent natural hazard. Existing school located in vulnerable locations should either be relocated at a safer site or they should be provided adequate support to mitigate the effect of any natural hazard. ANNEXURE XII

13 All new school infrastructure should include disaster resilient features. Existing schools need to be retrofitted to the desired level of resilience with regard to local disaster risk. Prescribed design may be adopted to accommodate safety in child friendly features. Design of school bldg with components such as corridors, staircase, opening should be as per NBC Quality of construction shall also be in line with the National Building Code. Only non combustible, fire proof, heat resistant materials shall be used in school construction. ANNEXURE XII

14 Vertical extension of existing schools should not be carried out without a fitness certificate for the bldg from a certified Civil/ structural Engineer. Each class room should have two openings for easy evacuation. Adequate openings for ventilation and lighting are some essential elements that need to be accommodated in the design. Additional classroom or any other structure requiring horizontal expansion shall be designed & constructed as independent units with reference to existing structures to minimize the input of seismic forces. ANNEXURE XII

15 Besides above details, other design solutions in line with the whole school development concept need to be incorporated to promote safety. Non structural safety measures in schools Besides structural safety measures, non structural elements within the school campus need to be addressed to ensure Safety as listed below. All items of furniture schools almirah, shelves, black boards, water coolers, water tanks should be secured to the walls or floors. ANNEXURE XII

16 Loose electrical wires that may cause an exigency should be addressed properly by school. Each school should have a boundary wall to check stray animals or intruders from entering the school. Chemical or any hazardous material in the school laboratory should be handled & stored as per instructions. Open areas including corridors & evacuation routes including stair cases and ramps should be kept free from any hurdles. Any unused bldg, rubble etc should be removed. ANNEXURE XII

17 Traffics movement outside the school should be managed to minimize risk to student at the time of assembly & dispersal of school. Energy equipment such as fire extinguishers, ropes need to be procured & maintained regularly. During excursion school should carefully choose the location of excursion so that exposure to hazard is minimum. Extra precautions need to be taken when children are close to water bodies or narrow mountains track. Kitchen should not have thatched roof. ANNEXURE XII

18 Capacity Building for safe schools. Generalized training for students and school staff on evacuation routes, knowledge of safer spaces & shelter, first aid and basic cardiac life support, warning signals. School Management Committee needs to be trained on assessment of safety needs. SMCs to conduct quarterly safety audit to ensure the facilities & resources within schools are available such as safe water, first aid kit, fire extinguishes etc. ANNEXURE XII

19 Guidelines issued by the Government of India Fire Safety :- The guidelines on fire safety were issued by Ministry of Home Affaires and were circulated vide D.O.No.24-2/2004-NDM-1dated 30 th August Earth Quake resistant buildings :- The guideline on earth resistant buildings were issued by Ministry of Home Affairs and were circulated vide D.O. No.31/51/2003-NDM- 11/111 dated 30 th November 2004 and D.O.31/52/2003- NDM-11/111 dated 3 rd May ANNEXURE XII

20 Thank you. ANNEXURE XII


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