Presentation on theme: "Becoming a doctor – practical advice for the journey for high school students Sunny Nakae, MSW, PhD Candidate Northwestern University Feinberg School of."— Presentation transcript:
Becoming a doctor – practical advice for the journey for high school students Sunny Nakae, MSW, PhD Candidate Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Overview 0 Outline the progression of education and training 0 Cover the basics of preparation 0 Discuss characteristics of well-prepared, competitive applicants to medicine 0 Discuss navigating college and premed 0 Debunk myths and issue precautions 0 Questions
The journey into medicine 0 Becoming more flexible 0 Encouraging of diversity in a broad sense 0 Experiences, skills, personal characteristics, courses of study, etc. 0 Has numbers that determine consideration, but not necessarily admission 0 Requires persistence, dedication, and support 0 Can be a ‘choose your own adventure’ if done right!
Premed Preparation GPA Science GPA MCAT scoreMedical exposure Leadership Interpersonal skills Research experience Community service & evidence of altruism Civic and campus engagement Letters of recommendation ProfessionalismWriting skillsAcademic skills (study skills, learning tools)
How it is advertised High school undergrad Medical school residency fellowship practice
What it really can look like research High school undergrad Volunteer for TFA Post bacc classes Time off Career pursuit residency Master’s program Medical school fellowship Stopping out for family practice
Components 0 Undergraduate degree (4-6 years)** 0 Medical school (4 years) 0 Residency (3-7 years) 0 Fellowship (1-4 years) 0 ** BA/BS- MD programs offer options for completing both degrees in 6-8 years, depending on the program. Students are essentially conditionally accepted to medical school out of high school
Time line MCAT Apply/matriculate Boards M2 & M3 summer Apply for residency M4 year Match/graduate Boards residency year 1 = fully licensed doctor Graduate residency = full practice (specialty boards option) Fellowship + additional boards
College choice 0 If a student is headed toward professional school, how does that affect their initial undergraduate college choice?
Choosing the right college 0 Size 0 Selectivity 0 Public/private 0 Research intensive 0 Size of surrounding community 0 Enrichment opportunities 0 Curriculum 0 Campus community/support 0 Rigor
Bottom Line 0 Choose a school where you will THRIVE 0 Personally 0 Socially 0 Pre-professionally 0 Academically
A note about community college 0 Medical schools have different approaches to applicants who have attended CC 0 If a CC is the best option for a student, it’s okay, BUT 0 Ensure the student has a transfer plan and time line 0 Ensure the student takes some prereqs at a four-year school 0 Understand that earning a BS degree is less likely if a student attends a CC
Premed advisers 0 Do NOT choose a school based on the premed advising ‘record’ of success 0 Many advisers act more like gatekeepers than facilitators 0 Advising varies from a full time dedicated adviser with a program budget to a professor assigned to keep track of students however they see fit 0 Students can get access to ALL information advisers have through the AAMC 0 Students do NOT need adviser endorsement to apply or to submit letters of recommendation
Premed advisers 0 Caution: YOU must take charge of your preparation and may not have a solid advisor upon which to rely. Seek alternatives. 0 You may disagree with your adviser (this is allowed) and you should seek alternative advice if necessary 0 Some advisers are discouraging and negative – if you encounter a supremely unhelpful adviser, walk away from the adviser, not medicine!
Premed requirements 0 Subject to change, but haven’t in the last 100 years 0 1 year of biology 0 1 year of general chemistry w/ labs 0 1 year of organic chemistry w/ labs 0 1 year of physics w/ labs 0 Usually calculus is a prereq for physics 0 Can include: statistics, biochemistry, diversity/social justice courses, medical terminology, etc – vary slightly by school 0 Some schools ‘require’ and some ‘recommend’
Science Courses 0 No science courses above beginner/introductory level freshman year. (maybe none at all) 0 Regardless of how prepared you are 0 Take the most difficult science courses latter half of sophomore year and beyond. 0 Protect the GPA!! 0 “W”s are bad. Given the dilemma, a “W” is always better than a D or an F.
GPA basics 0 The GPA will not get you in, but it will keep you out 0 Make sure you understand rules about withdrawing/dropping classes 0 Learn how to calibrate and predict performance 0 Think about classes over 4 years including summers 0 Do not take more than two science or math at a time, especially in the first two years 0 Again, protect your GPA – it’s a key that unlocks the door of consideration
GPA rules 0 Every class you have ever taken for college credit is calculated into the GPA for applicants to medical school 0 Includes concurrent enrollment 0 Includes any repeated courses (grades are averaged in, not replaced – so REPEATING CLASSES WILL NOT FIX A LOW GPA) 0 Includes coursework at colleges where no degree was earned 0 Pass fail, AP credits, or audited classes are not calculated into the gpa
Science courses 0 Utilize the summer to ease the load of simultaneous difficult classes (even at universities closer to home if it makes sense) 0 Understand that counting toward premed and counting toward degree don’t necessarily have to overlap 0 Understand that most schools’ premed “tracks” are ANTIQUATED and far from ideal for any student, but first generation college students, students with high financial need, or underrepresented minority students should be exceptionally careful.
Why wait for science classes? 0 You have two years of general education requirements anyway 0 You will want the content fresh for MCAT. Taking classes too early potentially means less effective learning/performance. 0 You need letters from professors in science areas, therefore they want to perform well in those classes and have professors remember them and endorse them.
Why wait for science classes? 0 Students who underperform in science classes in the first two years of college change their career aspirations more often and more drastically. 0 The pace of science courses in college is intense, therefore you need to be well established as a student before you take science courses 0 Academic calibration and self knowledge 0 Additional academic success skills 0 Resource savvy (supermall example)
Questions about premed coursework – what counts? 0 What about AP credits? 0 What about online courses? 0 What about concurrent enrollment courses? 0 Are they flexible? What can be substituted? 0 Are there other requirements besides the general science ones? 0 What happens if you don’t have every class?
Activities 0 Begin pursuits with passion 0 You should choose a major you LOVE, doesn’t have to be science! 0 Select extra-curriculars based on interest, not medical school relevance 0 Think about having a ‘hook’ in the application that will help you stand out 0 Seek personal growth and community impact. Get outside comfort zone. 0 Log your activities as you go 0 Activities/achievements from HS do not belong on your med school application
Get involved, find community 0 Students who are engaged on campus have higher graduation rates than those who are not. 0 Follow a plan to ease into activities: 0 Freshman year: attend, decide what to join 0 Sophomore year: join, participate in leadership, demonstrate commitment 0 Junior year: seek leadership positions, innovate 0 Senior year: be in charge, give back, leave a legacy (leave things better than before)
Get involved….but 0 Do not over commit yourself socially or with extra curriculars at the expense of grades. 0 Remember that graduate school applications are always individual. If you don’t take care of business, reviewers will have fewer opportunities to see your strengths 0 Learn to balance, so you don’t burn out. 0 Learn to study – (PS reading is NOT studying) 0 If you feel overwhelmed, you should stop and ask for help.
Resources for you 0 https://www.aamc.org/data/facts/ https://www.aamc.org/data/facts/ 0 https://www.aamc.org/students/aspiring/ https://www.aamc.org/students/aspiring/ 0 Medical School Admission Requirements publication or online subscription
Cautions/Notes 0 Off shore MD programs (non-LCME accredited schools) 0 International medical schools (non-US, non-LCME) 0 Doctor of Osteopathy (DO) Schools 0 Proprietary advising services & consultants 0 MCAT changes in Pre-Health DREAMers. DACA students can apply! (ask me) 0 A few significant longitudinal pursuits vs. more experiences with shorter durations 0 Grade shopping 0 Being a cookie cutter applicant