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Smartphones in the Classroom, Nomophobia and the Middle School Student Phone Survey Tom Kulaga, NCSP Tom Olsen, B.A.

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Presentation on theme: "Smartphones in the Classroom, Nomophobia and the Middle School Student Phone Survey Tom Kulaga, NCSP Tom Olsen, B.A."— Presentation transcript:

1 Smartphones in the Classroom, Nomophobia and the Middle School Student Phone Survey Tom Kulaga, NCSP Tom Olsen, B.A.

2 About Us Tom Kulaga is a practicing school psychologist in Marlboro, NY. He also serves as an adjunct instructor in the school psychology program at Marist College. He has led the New York Association of School Psychologists as President (twice) and currently serves as webmaster for and related websites. Tom maintains interests in school neuropsychology, computers, and golf.

3 About Us Tom Olsen holds a B.A. in Psychology and is a school psychology candidate at Marist College. He has experience working in the information technology field and is no stranger to the intricacies of smartphones and related equipment.

4 Lesson Plan Phone use. Increase in the recreational use of media. Toddlers and cell phones. Behavioral addiction. Smartphone curfew. Nomophobia. Review our survey. Assorted recommendations.

5 Phone Use According to Pew Research, as of January 2014, 90% of American adults have a cell phone and 58% of American adults have a smartphone. 67% of cell owners find themselves checking their phone for messages, alerts, or calls — even when they don’t notice their phone ringing or vibrating.

6 Phone Use 44% of cell owners have slept with their phone next to their bed because they wanted to make sure they didn’t miss any calls, text messages, or other updates during the night. 29% of cell owners describe their cell phone as “something they can’t imagine living without.”

7 Recreational Use of Media

8 According to the 2010 Kaiser family foundation survey, recreational use of personal computers and video games by 8-18 year olds has increased dramatically. In 2000, averaged one hour per day In 2010, averaged nearly three hours per day

9 Recreational Use of Media The American Academy of Pediatrics currently reports that children are spending an average of seven hours a day on entertainment media, including televisions, computers, phones and other electronic devices.

10 Toddlers A May 2014 study by pediatricians from the Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York examined infants 0-3 years old that used touch-screen devices to determine if their use was of any educational benefit to infants and toddlers.

11 Toddlers The study showed that children who played non-educational games using touch-screen devices had lower verbal scores upon testing.

12 Toddlers The results also showed that the majority of parents cited in the study believed their children received educational benefits by using smart phones, readers and tablets.

13 Toddlers There was no statistical difference in developmental scores in children who played educational games versus non-educational games.

14 Toddlers "We have observed in our neonatal clinic that the number one "toy" parents are giving their toddlers are smart phones," said Ruth Milanaik, DO, chief investigator of the study.

15 Toddlers and Language Patricia Kuhl from the University of Washington did some interesting research regarding the use of media (i.e. video or audio recording) and language development.

16 Behavioral Addiction Behavioral addiction to video games or internet use are not official diagnoses in the United States, but are considered major public health problems in other nations.

17 Smartphone Curfew

18 Japan Daily Press – Mar 19, 2014 Kariya, a city in Japan’s Aichi Prefecture, is hoping to lower the negative effects that increased smartphone use has on children by instituting a curfew on smartphones for children.

19 Smartphone Curfew The smartphone ban will be applicable to students in elementary and junior high school – they will not be allowed to use their cellular phones after 9:00 PM. The new rule states that after 9:00 PM, children within the range prescribed will have to hand over their smartphones to their parents to refrain from using them.

20 Nomophobia? Basically, No mo(bile) Phobia Fear of being without your mobile device.

21 Nomophobia in the DSM? Journal of Psychology Research and Behavior Management. 2014; 7: 155–160. A proposal for including nomophobia in the new DSM-V

22 Nomophobia in the DSM? The introduction of mobile phones has shaped our daily life, with both positive and negative aspects. We perform our jobs more quickly and efficiently.

23 Nomophobia in the DSM? On the other hand, mobile devices can have a dangerous impact on human health. Further research is needed to investigate the psychological aspects of nomophobia

24 Nomophobia in the DSM? Inclusion of nomophobia in the DSM-V could provide clinicians with a useful tool, fostering advancements in the field. Caution should be paid in avoiding tendencies such as nosologomania and psychiatric categories abuse in hypercodifying modern behaviors as pathological.

25 Our Survey

26 The survey was created and administered quickly to assist in related policy decisions. Due to its hasty development, the study has a number of limitations.

27 Limitations Limited to one school Lacked inquiry for gender (oops) Given to students in groups

28 School Demographics Pop density – Rural Location – Hudson Valley Approximately 30% Free & Reduced Lunch

29 Responses Total number of students responding = 362 Out of approximately 450 students, 362 returned surveys that were useable. So that is about an 80% return rate. Surveys were anonymous and an ingenious distribution system was used.

30 Responses Grade6th7th8th Responders121118119 % Bring Phone 68%79%84% # Bring Phone 82Y/39N93Y/25N100Y/19N

31 Bring Phone to School

32 Higher Frequency Phone Usage 213Listen to music197 Play games 113Take pictures111Text my friends 183Text my parents147Call home 68Pictures or video127Go online

33 Lower Frequency Phone Usage Calculator 8 *Search info 1 * Check time 3Educational 1 * Check spelling 1 *Study off quizlet 1 * Record for review 1 *Homework 2 * Look up answers 1 *Translator 1 * For emergency 3 ELA work 1 * Call parent if sick 1Check messages 1

34 Cell Phone Uses

35 Problems With Phone Use 117 Yes241 No Distract / disrupt class 42 Take / share pictures 34 Play games 2 Spread rumors 1 Record fights 1 Take others’ phones 1 Sexting 1

36 Problems with Cell Phone Use


38 Some Artistic Doodling

39 Other Problems?

40 Dirty Pictures!

41 Play Phones in Class

42 Teachers Should Yell

43 Maybe, maybe not?

44 Anonymous?

45 Hit with Phones?

46 Sometimes

47 Inappropriate


49 Getting Bullied

50 Inappropriate

51 Dirty Pics

52 Drama Happens

53 Bad Pics

54 REALLY Inappropriate

55 Inappropriate Videos

56 For Emergencies

57 Rumors

58 Play Phones

59 Burglars?

60 Bad Pictures

61 Bad Videos

62 Naked Pictures

63 No phone

64 Necessary?

65 No Phone

66 Sexting

67 Big Deal

68 It’s All Good

69 No Problem

70 Disrupt Class

71 Disturbance

72 Pictures of Teachers

73 Stops the Whole Class

74 Wallpaper

75 What We Learned

76 Problems with Cell Phone Use

77 What We Learned The survey results suggested that smartphones may be more problematic than educational at the Middle School level. Pictures associated with rumors, bullying and sexting can be particularly problematic as they may raise legal issues.

78 Last Year’s Policy Electronic Devices: Cell Phones, MP3 Players, Etc. Please refrain from bringing in cell phones and beepers. Students found to be in possession or using such devices may result in such device being confiscated by school personnel. If confiscated, on first offence the student may collect the item in the main office at

79 Last Year’s Policy the end of the school day. On second offense an adult must collect the item in the main office. On the third offense an adult must collect the item and the student will be subject to disciplinary consequence. Tape/CD players, MP3 players, video games, etc. may be used in the school cafeteria during lunch periods only.

80 Last Year’s Policy The student is responsible for these items; the school cannot be responsible for students’ personal property. We cannot replace any personal items that are brought to school and then may be lost or stolen.

81 This Year’s Policy Electronic Devices: Cell Phones, MP3 Players, Etc. Cell phones, IPODS, MP3 players, CD players and any other electronic devices are NOT allowed. If confiscated, an adult may collect the item in the Main Office. Continued violations may result in escalating disciplinary consequences.

82 This Year’s Policy The school will not be responsible for lost or stolen devices.

83 Policy Change Results The policy change has not resulted in numerous complaints. Students, whose parents want their children to have a phone available right after school, just leave their phone in their locker. Staff report reduction in “drama” as well as reduced pressure to have or use a phone.

84 Take A Break

85 Advice for Parents Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

86 Advice for Parents Communicate Emphasize the Risks Promote Empathy Personal Responsibility Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

87 Sex & Tech Teen Voices (Short Video Clips) /mayron4.aspx /mayron4.aspx Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

88 Advice for Teens and Young Adults Understand the risks Avoid making yourself vulnerable Trust is a complicated word Keep intimacy private Don’t get too comfortable Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

89 Advice for Schools Have a policy that addresses digital media, including sexting Inform staff of laws regarding sexting with specific measures that comply with district policy Risk-assessment and counseling for those affected by sexting Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

90 Advice for Schools Responding to a “Sexting” Incident at your school (one attorney’s opinion). ponding%20to%20a%20Sexting%20Incident% 20at%20Your%20School.pdf ponding%20to%20a%20Sexting%20Incident% 20at%20Your%20School.pdf Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

91 Resources and Videos The National Campaign / / NBC News – Today Show – “Sexting: Jesse Logan Story” - 3/6/2009 (video) /parenting_and_family/ /parenting_and_family/ Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

92 Resources and Videos CNN News – “Sexting Lands Teen on Sex Offender List” – 3/8/2009 (video) ing.busts/index.html#cnnSTCVideo ing.busts/index.html#cnnSTCVideo Cox Communications – “Take Charge News” (Research) Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

93 Resources and Videos - FTC Net Cetera – Chatting with Kids About Being Online training-events/documents/tec04.pdf training-events/documents/tec04.pdf To order free copies of this brochure, visit Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

94 Resources and Videos - FTC Net Cetera: Protection Connection (Video) 0003-net-cetera-protection-connection 0003-net-cetera-protection-connection Net Cetera: Share with Care (Video) 0004-net-cetera-share-care 0004-net-cetera-share-care Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

95 Resources and Videos - FTC Kids Online Safety Resources online-safety?sort=popular online-safety?sort=popular Net Cetera: Chatting with Kids (Video) 0001-net-cetera-chatting-kids-about-being- online 0001-net-cetera-chatting-kids-about-being- online Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

96 Resources and Videos - Gov has a number of resources and videos. Heads Up: Stop. Think. Click. 0002-heads-stop-think-click 0002-heads-stop-think-click Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

97 Resources and Videos - NYSED EdTech Educational Design and Technology offers internet safety resources for teachers, parents, students, administrators and technology directors. et_safety/home.html et_safety/home.html Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

98 Resources and Videos - NYSED Dignity for All Students Act Promising Practices Guide for School Administrators and Faculty Section VII: Guidance on Bullying and Cyberbullying n7.html n7.html Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

99 Resources and Videos - OCFS "Cyber-Crime Youth Rescue Act Education Reform Training” for age 14 and younger. Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

100 Resources and Videos – OCFS "Cyber-Crime Youth Rescue Act Education Reform Training” for age 15 and over. oduction_introduction.html oduction_introduction.html Tom Kulaga NYASP Conference 2013

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