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Charter School Research Finding Out the Facts 1. What we’ll be looking at Who authorizes charter schools? How effective are charter schools? What policies.

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Presentation on theme: "Charter School Research Finding Out the Facts 1. What we’ll be looking at Who authorizes charter schools? How effective are charter schools? What policies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Charter School Research Finding Out the Facts 1

2 What we’ll be looking at Who authorizes charter schools? How effective are charter schools? What policies impact charter schools? How do charter resources compare? NSBA position on charter schools Advantages to school board-sponsored charters Policy challenges 2

3 Charter School Research Background 3

4 Small but growing enrollment Primarily an urban strategy Charter schools are no more segregated In general, charter schools do not ‘skim’

5 What are charter schools? Public Schools The Charter Authorizing Agencies Management Organizations

6 Charter School Research Who authorizes charter schools? 6

7 Who is allowed to authorize charter schools? Local school board aloneIL, MD, OR, PA, TN, VA, WY State board of education aloneCT, MA, NJ Local school board and State board of education AR, DE, LA, NH, NM, RI, TX First Local school board then State board of education AK, IA, KS State charter school review boardD.C., HI Local school board and State charter school commission GA, ID, SC, UT Combination (in some cases including higher education and not-for-profit) AZ, CA, CO, FL, IN, MI, MN, MO, NV, NY, NC, OH, OK, WI Source: National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, State Charter Law Rankings Database, 2010*Mississippi's charter law expired at the end of 2009, bringing the total to eleven states without charter school legislation: AL, KY, ME, MS, MT, NE ND, SD, VT, WA, WV

8 Percent of Charter Schools by Authorizer Source: NASCA: State of Charter School Authorizing: 2010

9 Application Approval Rate, Source: NASCA: State of Charter School Authorizing: 2010

10 Facilities Assistance Provided to Schools Source: NASCA: State of Charter School Authorizing: 2010

11 Closure Rates, Source: NASCA: State of Charter School Authorizing: 2010

12 Charter School Research How effective are charter schools? 12

13 Majority of charter schools perform no better than traditional public schools

14 Charter School Performance Compared to Traditional Public Schools Source: Center for Research on Education Outcomes, 2009

15 Charter school effectiveness varies by state

16 Effectiveness of Charter Schools Compared to their Neighborhood School in Math No difference Not in study 16 Less effective More effective

17 Charter school effectiveness varies by district

18 Impact on different student groups

19 Student Groups Minority students – Mixed results Low-income students – Positive impact English Language Learners – Positive impact Special Education – Similar results

20 Charter high schools

21 State test scores College entrance exams College going rates

22 Do charters hurt traditional public schools?

23 What is working in effective charter schools?

24 What is working? Smaller schools Smaller classes More quality instructional time

25 Better communication

26 Charter School Research How do policies impact charter schools? 26

27 Multiple Authorizers

28 Allow Appeals

29 Cap on Number of Charters

30 Impact of Policies Multiple Authorizers – Negative Impact Allow Appeals – Positive Impact State Cap – Negative Impact

31 Impact of Policies State policies do impact charter school effectiveness The impact of state policies vary by state

32 Charter School Research How do their resources compare? 32

33 Teachers

34 More diverse Less experienced Paid less – More have differential pay levels Fewer unionized Quality

35 Funding

36 ? ? ?

37 Research Conclusion

38 School boards authorize the majority of charter schools The impact of charter schools on student outcomes are mixed State polices impact the effectiveness of charter schools.

39 Research Conclusion Learn from what is working in charter schools

40

41 NSBA’s Position on Charters NSBA has had a longstanding position in support of charter schools. We simply believe they should be established by school boards in the communities where they are located. 41

42 Advantages to School Board- Sponsored Charters They work in cooperation with the local school district, not in competition with it. The charter school and the school district may in turn learn creative approaches and problem solving from one another in a collaborative fashion. 42

43 More Advantages… Financing will be fair and balanced and follow general accounting principles. The public trust over public dollars will be maintained, and there will be accountability to the public. 43

44 Why Are We Talking about Charter Schools? At the federal level, U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan is an enthusiastic supporter of charter schools based on his Chicago Public Schools’ experience as the CEO. They have received an inordinate amount of media attention, too. 44

45 Secretary Duncan… Created 75 in Chicago to replace low-performing schools. Like most secretaries in recent memory, he wants to recreate what he has most recently accomplished and knows best. BUT the results are mixed, and the ones that were successful quite often were better because of small class size and other factors that traditional public schools could also adopt if given the opportunity or funding 45

46 More Duncan…. In the Race to the Top competition, Secretary Duncan extended a preference to states with more charters. Other states, without charters when they applied, promised to pass laws or enhance policies to encourage the start up or ease the restrictions on charters. 46

47 Research and Experience Have Shown That charters clearly are an option, but not the universal cure-all that many media outlets and enthusiastic reformers suggest. 47

48 NSBA state affiliates have concerns about the growth of charters because of course their members do. 48

49 What Are the Public Policy Challenges with Charters? Charters pose a financial threat to traditional school districts in some states. Charters are far from universally- successful, and their lack of productivity unfortunately reflects on public schools, even though there is not always a comparable accountability. 49

50 More Public Policy Challenges Charters lead the general public to believe they have comparable governance, but they typically remove themselves from the vibrant, representative government role and in reality are in a passive business model. Their lack of public meetings and governance give them a pass on media attention, public traction, and therefore public accountability. 50

51 Another Public Policy Challenge: State Oversight State Departments of Education, or State Education Agencies (SEAs) in federal parlance, typically oversee charter school implementation and ongoing governance. But SEAs currently have a serious capacity issue. With some states in fiscal difficulty, they have faced significant cutbacks in staff and funding. Often the oversight assignment for charters is an “add on” to an SEA official’s responsibilities. Charters present unique challenges for state special education and education service agency delivery systems. 51

52 Contact us: Jim Hull, senior policy analyst, Center for Public Education Roberta E. Stanley, director, federal affairs, NSBA visit our websites 52


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