2This presentation is dedicated to the future of Kenya and with joy in the Nobel Laureates of 2012 Leymah Gbowee Ellen Johnson Sirleaf Tawakkul Karman
3and in Memory of 2004 Nobel Peace Laureate, the late Prof and in Memory of Nobel Peace Laureate, the late Prof. Wangari Maathai
4The Mission & Goals of JAMS Create “a school good enough for the richest, open to the poorest” (Horace Mann)Be an innovative pedagogical model for the nationEmpower students to ask questionsShow that corporal punishment is unnecessaryCreate an active, collaborative learning environmentShow that enriching the learning environment gets good results (library, extracurricular activities)Empower girls to become women who participate fully in the life of the nation
7JAMS Enrollment in 2012 Form 2 (10th grade): 22 Increased from 12 to 55 in one year!
8Some of the students’ experiences Lost her father to AIDS and now her mother is dyingOrphaned at age 5, lived with her poverty-stricken grandmother, roamed the countryside to find sugar cane to sell in order to buy foodHer widowed father went insane and now wanders the streets of the local villagePushed her wheel-chair-bound father 6K to ask for help to go to schoolBeaten by her father when she protested his beating of her motherLives on one meal a day at home
9Poverty in KenyaTotal population: 41.1 million people46% of total population lives below the national poverty line20% live on less than $1 a dayMen’s employment rate: 61.2%Women’s employment rate: 49.1%
10Education in Kenya 98% of children start primary school 45% finish primary schoolAbout 23% enter secondary technical training24% enter secondary school18.7% finish secondary school3% enter university
11The “hidden curriculum” Kenyan curriculum largely unaffected by women’s studies and gender-neutral curriculum development.Girls in schools subjected to significantly higher levels of harassment, including sexual harassment, from students and from teachers, than boys.“Teachers’ attitudes and behavior reveal lower expectations for adolescent girls, traditional assumptions about gender roles, and double standards about sexual activity.”Mensch and Lloyd, “Gender Differences in the Schooling Experiences of Adolescents in Low-Income Countries: The Case of Kenya,” Studies in Family Planning 29.2 (1998):
12Why educate girls?They have the same existential value and the same right to develop their potential as boys.
13Educating girls is also necessary to eliminating poverty, epidemics, and inequality worldwide. “Investing in girls is central to boosting development, breaking the cycle of intergenerational poverty, and allowing girls, and then women—50 percent of the world’s population—to lead better, fairer and more productive lives.”World Bank President, Robert Zoellick“ “Getting to Equal: How Educating Every Girl Can Help Break the Cycle of Poverty” <http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTEDUCATION/0,,contentMDK: ~me nuPK:282424~pagePK: ~piPK:149114~theSitePK:282386,00.html>
14Return on Investment in the developing world Women and girls return ca. 80% of the money invested in them to their families and communities.Men and boys return ca. 40%.Source: Kurt Thurmaier, Professor of Public Administration, NIU, presentation to TeachGirlsGlobal, DeKalb, IL, April, 2011
16Nyanza is one of the smaller provinces of Kenya Nyanza is one of the smaller provinces of Kenya. Nyanza is relatively under-resourced due to the political history of the nation since independence from Britain in 1963.NYANZA PROVINCE
172 kms and a 500 ft climb from the paved road to the school
26The Kenyan Secondary School Curriculum KiswahiliEnglishGeographyHistoryMathematicsPhysicsChemistryBiologyBusinessAgricultureChristian Religious EducationThese subjects are mandated and regulated by the national ministry of education.
28JAMS results so farThe students speak up and ask questions much more often than when they arrivedThe students express themselves in English and Kiswahili much better than when they arrived2012 final, cumulative exam results:12 students got As16 students got Bs23 students got Cs3 students got Ds
29Recreation: Singing and dancing in the Dining Hall
40Growth in enrollmenta new class added each year until all four secondary school forms (grades) are filledtotal enrollment planned to be between 120 and 160additional teachers as enrollment growsan administrator of residence life
41Construction of facilities Teacher housingMore solar panelsWell ( to be drilled in January-February, 2013, supported by Rotary Clubs of Barrington and Morrison, Illinois)Solar water heating systemScience building (3 laboratory classrooms)More water tanks for rain catchment
42Three years ago, the school site looked like this Three years ago, the school site looked like this. MUCH can be accomplished in the next three years!