4HISTORY OF SCHOOL SOCIAL WORK SERVICE 1907 firstly found in USA1971 Pilot program in Hong KongRecognition of the significant role of School social workStart the school social work service in secondary schools - 1 worker to 4 schoolsworker to 2 schools1 worker to 1 school2002/03 Comprehensive Student Guidance Service for primary schools funded by EB (previously ED)
5OBJECTIVES OF SSW SERVICE To help students at risk (academic, social and emotional)To develop students potential and healthy development
6Counsellor – case and group Consultant for teachers and schools ROLE OF SSW4CsCounsellor – case and groupConsultant for teachers and schoolsCoordinator – agency and community resourcesCommunity – relationship and resource networking
7Students (mainly) Parents Teachers School system community SERVING TARGETSStudents (mainly)ParentsTeachersSchool systemcommunity
8Coordination of Community Resources WORK NATURE。CaseworkGroupwork and ProjectEnquiriesCoordination of Community Resources
9Case categories (Secondary School) Related to schoolingDevelopmental adjustmentEmotional/mental healthFamilyBehavioral problemsSex-related issuesPeer relationshipOthers1.
10PRIMARY SCHOOL CASE CATEGORIES Learning problemsBehavioral problemsFamily and its related environmentEmotion/psychological problemsHealth and Physical problemsSocial/developmental problems
11TYPES OF PROGRAMS Counselling/therapeutic groups Developmental groups Talks/workshopsCommunity servicesVisits/picnics/campingExhibitionsPublicationsSlide show/FilmCompetitionOthers
12Secondary SchoolAs at 1 September 2013, 34 NGOs operate stationing school social work service for 470 secondary day schools over the territory. Two modes of service operation:Independent School Social Work UnitAccount for 70% of the serviceServing different areas of schools in Hong KongIntegrated Team (IT)Account for 30% of the serviceServing 2-3 secondary schools in the designated areas near the location of Integrated Team.Closely collaborated with the IT of the same agency
13Accountable to the school principal Primary schoolBefore 2002, 1 school(with 1680 students) will have 1 full time SGO/SGT performed by the teachers undergoing counselling training.Comprehensive Student Guidance Service for primary schools issued in the 2002/03 school year which is funded by EB.Accountable to the school principal
14Difference between Primary and Secondary School Social Work Service School Social WorkerFunded by Social Welfare DepartmentEmployed by NGOsSecondary SchoolStudent Guidance Teacher/OfficerFunded by Education BureauEmployed by Schools directly or via annual bidding of service provision from NGOs. unstable service provisionPrimary School
15SCHOOL SYSTEM WORKING PARTIES: counseling team discipline team career guidance teamextracurricular activityparent teacher associationeducation psychologist.clinical psychologistclerical /supportive staffothers
16SCHOOL SYSTEM RELATED PROJECTS: UAP (UNDERSTANDING THE ADOLESCENT PROJECT)PATHS (Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social programs /from 2006)WSA(WHOLE SCHOOL APPROACH)OTHERSOTHER LOGISTIC ISSUESschool calendartime tableworking hours/ lunchoutingoffice interviewcommunity resourcesothers
18SELF physical strength Stress and anxiety INNER SELFphysical strengthStress and anxietyfeelings towards various stakeholders, teaching staff, parents…confidence, reliable, professional imageothers
19PLACEMENT STUDENT REQUIREMENTS IN SCHOOL SETTING Independent and able to work alone.Initiative and activeAble to get along with different stakeholders in schools such as principal, panel heads, teachers, parents, janitors etc.Must work in day time in weekdays, with some irregular sessions during weekends.
20CURRENT CHALLENGES1.Diversity in serving targets:Inclusive Education -- Special Education Needs (SEN)visual impairment,hearing impairment,physical disability,intellectual disability,AutisticDyslexics
21CURRENT CHALLENGES Non-Chinese Speaking Ethnic Minorities Group Students having Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD)Students having Emotional and Behavioral ProblemsNew Arrivals
22Current Challenges2. Emergence of new issues and increase complexity of problemsFamily problems single parent families, cross- border families, trans-generational parenting etc.BullyingInternet/drug addictionsuicidePremarital sex, compensated datingLGBTpoverty
23CURRENT CHALLENGES 3. Changes in the Education Systems Primary/Secondary School Places AllocationDSE assessmentUniversity Entrance requirementsVocational EducationVarious career paths
24KNOWLEDGE PREPARATION Knowledge and ways to handle the SEN , ADHD, Autistic and other emotional problems.Understanding of multi-cultural people and their difficulties in study.Understanding about the influence of family towards child and adolescent development.Life span development about children, adolescents and parents.Understanding the cause and intervention of school bullying.Knowledge in handling crisis such as suicide, child abuse case etc.Updated information about current changes of education system and the effects on the students and teachers.