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Diploma Unit 3 Southern Italy Robert Scibelli, DWS.

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Presentation on theme: "Diploma Unit 3 Southern Italy Robert Scibelli, DWS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Diploma Unit 3 Southern Italy Robert Scibelli, DWS

2 Does Sangiovese have what it takes to make internationally successful wines today? Discuss with specific reference to the wines and regions of Central Italy.

3 SOUTHERN ITALY & THE ISLANDS & THE ISLANDS ©WSET ® 2003 Napoli Bari Brindisi Taranto Marsala Palermo Mt Etna Cagliari Nuoro Oristano R. Tirso BIFERNO CASTEL DEL MONTE SALICE SALENTINO CIRO AGLIANICO DEL VULTURE GRECO DI TUFO FIANO DI AVELLINO TAURASI MARSALA CARIGNANO DEL SULCIS VERMENTINO DI GALLURA S I C I L I A CALABRIA SARDEGNA LAZIO ABRUZZI MOLISE PUGLIA PUGLIA BASILICATA CAMPANIA

4 Southern Italy Topics Campania (Campagna) –Taurasi, Greco di Tufo, Fiano di Avelino, Falerno, IGT Wines Sicilia (Sicily) –Alcamo, Cerasuolo, Passito di Pantelleria, IGT Wines Puglia (Apulia) –Salice Salentino, Primitivo de Manduria, IGT Basilicata: Aglianico del Vulture Calabria: Cirò Sardegna (Sardinia) –Cannonau di Sardegna, Vermentino di Gallura

5 Campania & Basilicata Campania –Taurasi DOCG –Greco di Tufo DOCG –Fiano di Avelino DOCG –Falerno del Massico DOC –IGT Wines Basilicata –Aglianico del Vulture DOC

6 Campania

7 Taurasi

8 Taurasi DOCG AGLIANICO (85% minimum) –Medium Thick Skin (some rot resistance) –Late Ripening, High Tannin and Acid –Wild Cherry, Black Currant, Frutti di Bosco –Ages to Red Fruits, Tar and Leather Possible addition of Piedirosso Sciascinoso, Aleatico, Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sangiovese Three years ageing with one in wood Riserva: additional year ageing

9 Vineyards at Taurasi

10 Campania White Wines Fiano di Avellino DOCG –Best at Medium-low Yields –Small Berry, Small Bunch –Subtlety of Flavor and Aroma –Apple, Pear, Pineapple, Hazelnut –max. 15% Greco a/o Coda di Volpe bianca a/o Trebbiano Toscano Greco di Tufo DOCG –Wines of Body and Extract –Late Maturing, Susceptible to Rot –Likes Sulphur Rich Soils and Dry Growing Conditions –Not known for its aromatics tending toward the earthy, modern versions can intensify the aromatics adding ripe fruits and almond –Also spumante (min. 85% Greco, max. 15% Coda di Volpe Bianca)

11 Campania Mixed Wines Falerno del Massico DOC –Bianco: Falanghina –Rosso: 60-80% Aglianico, 20-40% Piedirosso, Barbera a/o Primitivo to 20% –Monovarietale Rosso: Primitivo (min. 85%, plus Aglianico a/o Piedirosso a/o Barbera) Lacri(y)ma Christi del Vesuvio DOC –Extension of DOC to wines with higher minimum alcohol (12%) and lower yields. –Versions: bianco, spumante naturale, rosato, rosso, liquoroso

12 Aglianico del Vulture DOC All wines 100% Aglianico Normale: 12 months ageing, not to be released prior to November 1° following the vintage. Spumante: As Normale Vecchio: 36 months minimum ageing with 24 months in wood. Riserva: 60 months minimum ageing with 24 months in wood.

13 Basilicata

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15 Sicilia Sicilia (Sicily) –Alcamo DOC Catarratto + Grecanico, Trebbiano to 20% –Cerasuolo di Vittoria DOCG Also Classico: 50-70% Nero d'Avola, 30-50% Frappato –Passito di Pantelleria DOC liquoroso, spumante, passito liquoroso 85% Zibibbo (Moscato di Alessandria) –IGT Wines

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17 Sicilia Black Grapes NERO DAVOLA –Given to Deep Color –High Sugar and Tannin Levels –Firm and Fixed Acidity (Tartaric) –Dark Fruits, Plum, Chocolate OTHER –Frappato –Nerello (Mascalese, Cappuccio) –Perricone

18 Sicilia White Grapes CATARRATTO INZ(S)OLIA (ANSONICA) CARRICANTE MALVASIA MOSCATO (ZIBIBBO) GRILLO

19 Calabria Cirò DOC –Predominant red grape variety in Calabria –Possibly of Greek origin –Thrives in dry conditions and reaches high sugar levels which result in robust, if rarely subtle, wines. –Bianco (min. 90% Greco bianco, max. 10% Trebbiano Toscano) –Rosato, Rosso (95% Gaglioppo, max. 5% Trebbiano Toscano and Greco)

20 Cirò

21 Puglia Salice Salentino DOC –Bianco min. 70% Chardonnay –Monovarietale Bianco Pinot Bianco (min. 85%, with Chardonnay a/o Sauvignon max. 15%) –Rosato, Rosso min. 80% Negroamaro, plus Malvasia Nera di Lecce a/o di Brindisi –Monovarietale Rosso min 85% Aleatico plus negroamaro a/o malvasia nera a/o primitivo max Copertino DOC –Min 70% Negroamaro, max 30% Malvasia Nera di Brindisi a/o di Leccea/o Montepulciano a/o Sangiovese (max 15%)

22 Puglia Primitivo di Manduria DOC –100% Primitivo Locorotondo DOC –50%-60% Verdeca, 30%-35% Bianco dAlessano –Up to 5% Fiano a/o Bombino a/o Malvasia Toscana IGT Wines –6 IGT categories

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24 Puglia Black Grapes NEGROAMARO –Albania? Xinomavro? –Stable and Reliable, Depending on Harvest a Range of Wines Possible –Lush Black Fruit with a Bitter Edge PRIMITIVO –Early Ripener (two harvests) –High in Sugar –Brother of Zinfandel, Son of Crljenak Kastelanski OTHER: –Uva di Troia; Malvasia Nera; Aleatico

25 Puglia Black Grapes NEGROAMARO –Albania? Xinomavro? –Stable and Reliable, Depending on Harvest a Range of Wines Possible –Lush Black Fruit with a Bitter Edge PRIMITIVO –Early Ripener (two harvests) –High in Sugar –Brother of Zinfandel, Son of Crljenak Kastelanski OTHER: –Uva di Troia; Malvasia Nera; Aleatico

26 Puglia White Grapes Verdeca Bianco DAlessano Pampanuto Bombino Bianco

27 Sardegna Cannonau di Sardegna DOC –Min. 90% –Subzones of Oliena, Capo Ferrato, and Jerzu Vermentino di Gallura DOCG –95% Vermentino

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29 Sardinia Black Grapes Cannonau –Medium Vigor but High Production –Higher Slopes Better for Elegance –Not Rich in Color, Tannin or Acid –Fruity (Strawberry, Raspberry) and Peppery Other: –Carignano; Monica; Bovale; Cagnulari, Nieddera; Nebbiolo??

30 Sardinia White Grapes VERMENTINO –Both Light and Superiore Versions in Gallura –All Styles Exist Elsewhere –Tropical Fruit (But Quite Flexible) OTHER: –Nuragus; Vernaccia do Oristano (Oristano); Nasco; Malvasia; Moscato


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