Disabled Children and Bullying Twice as likely as non-disabled children to be bullied- Children’s Commissioner Dec 2006 82% of children and young people with learning difficulty in UK are bullied-this is 280,000 children. MENCAP-Don’t Stick It Stop It 2007 Disabled Children are 9 times more likely to be excluded than non disabled children DfES 2004 62% of disabled pupils had been bullied, 19% daily or weekly and 38% at least once per month. DEE in work for DCSF in July 2008
Duty to Promote Disability Equality Eliminate unlawful discrimination Promote equality of opportunity Eliminate disability related harassment Promote positive attitudes towards disabled persons Encourage participation by disabled persons in public life From Dec. 2006. When carrying out their functions public authorities must have due regard to the need to: The use of positive discrimination if necessary
Guiding Principles Disability Equality Duty 1.Proportionality- balance other needs and factors 2.Effectiveness-it works 3.Involvement- local disabled people, staff and disabled pupils 4.Transparency- process can and expenditure be easily tracked 5.Social Model of Disability thinking to ethos and all policies, practices and procedures…
Getting pupils views:Make a diary of the school day- Find out for each activity whether it is enjoyed-liked, disliked or unconcerned
From the Inclusion Assistant. Available from DEE £10
1.The School Building 2. Playtime 3. School Dinners 4. Assemblies 5.School Trips 6. PE and Games 7. Lessons 8.Teachers 9.Teaching Assistants 10.Other Children 11. School Council 12. School Clubs 13. Corridors Getting the views of disabled pupils
Area of the schoolExcellentGoodNot so GoodBadN= The School Building 25%40%10%25%127 Playtime33% 39%16%12%120 School Dinners17 %24.%15 %44%102 Assemblies17%31%15%37%126 School Trips47% 21%9%23%124 PE and Games 29% 43%12%16%130 Lessons 24%36%8 %32%104 Teachers 19% 46%5 %30 %105 Teaching Ass.40%39%7%14%134 Other Children22%28%18%32%74 School Council37%5%29% 73 School Clubs25% 26% 24%91 Corridors8%15%17%60%35 As a disabled person what do you think of....
Have you ever experienced bullying at school Yes 64.5% No 35.5% If Yes, how often? Every day 19.5% More than once a week > 18% More than once a month> More than once a year > 18% Hardly ever > 123 Disabled Pupils answered Individual Questionnaire in July 2008 10 Locations including pupils from 5 special schools 5 primary schools, 2 secondary academies and 14 secondary comprehensive schools. Variability over 10 locations Range Every Day 0% to 50% More than monthly 0% to 38% Less Frequently 0% to 50%
Teachers Sorted27 No Answer26 Nothing was done11 Detention4 Parents3 Other Students3 Moved School/House2 Police1 Hit him1 For those in the study who were bullied what was done about bullying?
The Social Model of disablement focuses on the barriers DISABLED PEOPLE AS ACTIVE FIGHTERS FOR EQUALITY WORKING IN PARTNERSHIP WITH ALLIES. LACK OF USEFUL EDUCATION INACCESSIBLE ENVIRONMENT DE-VALUING PREJUDICE INACCESSIBLE INFORMATION INACCESIBLE TRANSPORT ‘BELIEF’ IN THE MEDICAL MODEL POVERTY SEGREGATED SERVICES DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT
CHILD DEVELOPMENT TEAM SPECIALISTS GPs OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS SPEECH THERAPISTS BENEFITS AGENCY DISABLED PEOPLE AS PASSIVE RECEIVERS OF SERVICES AIMED AT CURE OR MANAGEMENT SHELTERED WORKSHOPS DOCTORS TRAINING CENTRES SPECIAL SCHOOLS EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGISTS SPECIAL TRANSPORT SURGEONS SOCIAL WORKERS The dominant view is the Medical Model.
Attitudes. 12.6% of barriers were identified as attitudes towards disabled students. In several cases these overlapped with sexist and racist attitudes towards Muslim girls and more generally included many of the stereotypes such as over protectiveness and under estimating what disabled student can do. Bullying. 11.5% of barriers were identified with bullying from other students, but also identified teachers and support staff as colluding. If added to 4 this would be the largest category of barriers arising from negative attitudes to disabled people (24.1%).
BarrierSolution Bullying once a fortnight.Teachers should be strict with bullies. Bullying and prejudice. Tell a teacher you trust or a friend to try to stop bullying. Stop name calling. Go tell tutor about bullies. Bullying-but teachers do not believe me Help the bullies to help someone else. Reform the Anti-Bullying meetings- they help us take a stand and fight for what is right. BullyingHaving friends People being picked onLet the bullies explain why they are doing what they are doing Bullying solutions make up 8.6%, but are obviously strongly related to attitude, disability awareness and behaviour change making this affective area the largest with 40.9% of solutions.
Promoting Positive Attitudes to Disabled People Make sure disability is covered in a positive way in all parts of the curriculum. e.g. Art, History, Geography Science Gather examples from national press and media –use in displays Relate to TV –Pete on Big Brother-Tourettes Alison Lapper Trafalgar Square Help pupils critiques stereotypes English Use a social model approach-identify barriers Examine ethical issues from a human rights perspective Ensure hidden curriculum is disability friendly Challenge disabilism Develop strong self esteem in disabled pupils
Hate Crimes against disabled people are more common than you think ! Kevin Davies who had epilepsy was kept in a shed for four months until he died/ Wigan Craig Robbins had learning difficulty and was viciously attacked leading to brain damage by three people- Wales Raymond Atherton a man with learning difficulties repeatedly attacked and eventually killed by 2 teenagers after months of torture. Warrington Rikki Judkins with Learning Difficulties beated to death by two teenagers when visiting Lancaster
Bullying and Name Calling Take Young People’s Views Seriously Support the development of Friendships Challenge Stereotypes Explain the reasons why this is hurtful Get young people to develop anti bullying policy Record incidents Investigate and report back on causes Deliver focussed intervention
What is to be done Make all children and young people aware of disabilist bullying Make positive attitudes to disabled people are promoted in your school Challenge Negative stereotypes in the media Set up and train bully busters or playground friends Ensure views disabled pupils got and taken into account