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Assessing School Readiness in Indiana By Michael Conn-Powers and Jessica Peters.

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Presentation on theme: "Assessing School Readiness in Indiana By Michael Conn-Powers and Jessica Peters."— Presentation transcript:

1 Assessing School Readiness in Indiana By Michael Conn-Powers and Jessica Peters

2 What we wanted to know  How is SR being assessed?  What components of SR are looked at?  Who is assessing SR?  What is done with this information?  How well is it working?

3 How we found out  Surveyed preschool & kindergarten teachers in Indiana  229 participants responded  Respondents consist of 185 kindergarten teachers, 31 preschool teachers, 4 elementary school principals, and 4 child care providers

4 Is school readiness being assessed?  More than ¾ of respondents report that they assess school readiness  Over 45% of school districts in Indiana represented

5 Specific domains of School Readiness  Many domains are being assessed adequately or very well: Health & physical well-being...... 87% Language development & literacy.. 83% Cognition & general knowledge.... 74%

6 Specific domains of School Readiness  Other domains are being assessed inadequately or not at all: Motor development............ 42% Social & emotional development.. 50% Approach to learning........... 56%

7 Who is involved in school readiness assessments?

8 When do school readiness assessments occur?  While the child is still in their early education/ child care program.................. 24%  Spring event prior to kindergarten...... 56%  Summer event prior to kindergarten.... 15%  At the beginning of kindergarten....... 48%  Other............................ 10%

9 Context of school readiness assessment  Assessment most often occurs in the classroom during school hours or in the school but not in the classroom  50% of respondents say records are kept as part of the child’s cumulative file  Another 37% of respondents keep the records for at least one year

10 Are school readiness procedures the same for all children in each district/school?

11 How is it being assessed?  Teacher observations/ judgment  Parent reports/ checklists  Teacher-created checklists and commercially published tools  Reports from preschool and school-wide checklists are less common

12 Commercially published assessment tools being used  Brigance  DIBELS  Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT)  Galileo  Creative Curriculum  DIAL-3 or DIAL-R  Early Prevention of School Failure (EPSF)  Indiana Reading Assessment  ISTAR/NWEA

13 A Critical look at these tests  Brigance Specific limitations of the test No decisions based solely on this score  DIAL-3 or DIAL-R Test manual states that results should not be used for instructional planning or tracking of any kind

14 A Critical look at these tests  Early Prevention of School Failure (EPSF) Does not assess social and emotional development, cognition and general knowledge, approach to learning  DIBELS Measures language and literacy  Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) Measures language and cognition  Indiana Reading Assessment Measures language and literacy  ISTAR/NWEA Measures cognition, language and literacy

15 Decisions made from these results  Create heterogeneous classrooms/ allocate resources (35%)  Recommendations are made: Placement in developmental kindergarten classrooms (15%) School deferment (34%) Placement in special education (13%) Placement in full-day versus half-day kindergarten programs (36%)  The results have no influence over class placements (30%)

16 How do the assessment results influence class work?  Planning curriculum & instruction (73%)  Determining learning groups (51%)  Identifying extra resources needed (73%)  Monitoring student progress (74%)  Informing families about placement (50%) what they can do at home (75%)

17 To what extent are all children included?  Most respondents reported that all children are assessed in the same way  Children with physical and sensory disabilities or significant developmental delays or disabilities were more likely to be partially included in assessment

18 How well do the assessment results help with decision-making for different groups of students?

19 What did we learn?  Most schools assess SR  Assessment not always comprehensive  Important placement decisions made  Influences classroom instruction  While all children are included …  not always helpful for all.

20 Next Steps  Look systematically at SR assessment Clarify purpose and decisions Identify best assessments across domains Determine who, when, where, & how Strategies to make it work for all children  Spring workshop & Summer Institute

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