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Visitor Management Policy of Protected Areas in Canada and the United States By Kris Hyslop Advisor: Dr. Paul Eagles ERS 491.

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Presentation on theme: "Visitor Management Policy of Protected Areas in Canada and the United States By Kris Hyslop Advisor: Dr. Paul Eagles ERS 491."— Presentation transcript:

1 Visitor Management Policy of Protected Areas in Canada and the United States By Kris Hyslop Advisor: Dr. Paul Eagles ERS 491

2 Introduction Purpose: To determine whether or not visitor policy exists, what type, and the policy environment of each type of protected area management agency Definition of ‘visitor’ Definition of ‘policy’

3 Methodology Initial literature search including agency websites Search for suggested visitor management policies Creation of Table 1 – Visitor Management Policy Locate policy documents Review of findings

4 History Similar histories of national parks Similar purposes Initially divergent strategies Legal separation of wildlife areas Main function Current protected areas management 4 responsible agencies

5 Findings – Parks Canada Main sources of policy information Guiding Principles and Operational Policies Agency reports and a guide for managers 22 of 30 visitor policy topics addressed Ability to attain agency objectives Education opportunities Expansion of system

6 Findings – U.S. National Park Service Main sources of policy information Management Policies 2001 24 of 30 visitor policy topics addressed Ability to attain agency objectives Substantial budget and staff numbers Visitor tracking and surveys

7 Findings – Canadian National Wildlife Areas Main sources of policy information Canadian Nature Federation document Planning and policy documents 6 of 30 visitor policy topics addressed Ability to attain agency objectives Critical lack of funding and staff Inability to maintain or expand system

8 Findings – U.S. National Wildlife Reserves Main sources of policy information Policy document Document regarding refuge use 15 of 30 visitor policy topics addressed Ability to attain agency objectives Limited funding and staff numbers Lack of clear goals

9 Conclusions: Table 2 – Agency Policy and Resources Parks CanadaU.S. National Park Service Canadian Wildlife Service (NWAs) U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (NWRs) Number of Visitor Management Policies Addressed (of a possible 26) 2123615 Number of Units in System 190388143542 Total Physical Area (km 2 ) 256,385209,986115,000388,498 Annual Budget ($000) 500,000 (CDN)2,361,000 (U.S.)1,744 (CDN)387,657 (U.S.) Number of Staff 5,50020,00014.5 (FTE)2,980 (FTE) Annual Number of Visitors (in millions) 26277N/A39 *The numbers in this chart are the same as those used in the in-text calculations for this report, as displayed in Table 3

10 Conclusions: Table 3 – Resources Available to Each Agency Parks CanadaU.S. National Park Service Canadian Wildlife Service (NWAs) U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (NWRs) Number of Employees per Unit 28.9520.15.5 or 2.4* Funding per Unit$2.632 million (CDN)$6.085 million (U.S.)$12,196 (CDN) $715,234 or $255,142 (U.S.)* Funding per Square Kilometre $884.19 (CDN)$11,244 (U.S.)$15.17 (CDN)$997.84 or $356 (U.S.)* Funding per Visit $5.29 or $19.23 (CDN)* $8.52 (U.S.)N/A$9.94 or $3.55 (U.S.)* Number of Visits per Employee 4,72713,850N/A13,087 or 30,421* *See sections 3.3 and 6.3 for explanations of these discrepancies

11 Conclusions Positive correlation between resources available and quality of visitor policy Visitor policy often difficult to locate Single documents more comprehensive Multiple documents were piece-meal Link between encouraged visitation and increased funding

12 Acknowledgments Thank you to Dr. Paul Eagles for his multiple reviews and help with finding sources. Thank you also to Dr. Mary-Louise McAllister for her assistance.


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