Presentation on theme: "Management of Solid and Liquid Waste ◊ Hazardous Waste Management ◊ Universal Waste Management ◊ Solid Waste Management ◊ Management of Recyclable Materials."— Presentation transcript:
Management of Solid and Liquid Waste ◊ Hazardous Waste Management ◊ Universal Waste Management ◊ Solid Waste Management ◊ Management of Recyclable Materials USDA / ARS / Foreign Disease Weed Science Research Unit
Applicable Regulations EO 13423 – Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management EO 13101 – Greening the Government Through Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Federal Acquisition 40 CFR 260 - 279 – Hazardous Waste AR 200-1 – Environmental Protection and Enhancement Ft. Detrick Regulation 200-7 – Non-Domestic Wastewater Control Ft. Detrick Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan
How Much Hazardous Waste Do We Generate? Unit / Activity 20022003200420052006 CEHR2N/A88900120 DISN/A1,44220,926321,162 HMMO9285,7546,8487,3122,731 RIID3,9695,4857,0526,8328,033 USDAN/A518272413181 USAMMDAN/A 1,024N/A Total (lbs)4,89913,19935,19616,51312,227
How would I make a determination if the wastes produced from my work are hazardous or not? (A)Rely upon my supervisor’s judgment (B)Contact the Area Director at the Area Office (C)Take time to pull out and read the MSDS from my lab files or from the MSDS file library (D)Smell it, taste it, or a feel a slight tingling when I put my finger in it (E)Submit a “Request for Sewer Discharge Guidance Form” to the SEIPO (Safety, Environment and Integrated Planning Office) (F)Read the hazard statement on the product label (G)read the Code of Federal Regulations Chapter 40, Parts 261.3 and 261.4 (H)not in my job description
Characterizing Your Waste Is the waste a liquid or solid? Does it exhibit any of these hazardous characteristics - ignitable, corrosive, reactive, or toxic? Is it a mercury containing device, spent lamp, battery, or unused pesticide? Are you disposing of an empty container that contained a hazardous chemical or waste? Is it a perceived medical waste or a sharp? Is it a recyclable material that can be turned in to the Ft. Detrick Recycling Program?
A Hazardous Waste: (A)Is a liquid that causes my eyes to be red in the morning (B)Is a material that exhibits the characteristics of corrosivity, ignitability, reactivity, or toxicity (C)Is a waste that is published on EPA’s lists (D)Includes partially full aerosol cans (E)Is a hazardous material when it is no longer useful for its intended purpose (F)Excludes materials used to clean up hazardous waste spills (G)Would be produced from every hazardous material on my inventory
Who or what provides guidance on the disposal of wastes that I produce from my work here? (A)It depends on who is looking in my direction (B) Jami Michael, our Hazardous Waste Management Officer (C)Fort Detrick (D)The new FDWSRU “Management of Solid and Liquid Waste” SOP (E)I follow the dilution is the solution to pollution plan (F)Environmental Protection Agency (G)My previous employer taught me everything I need to know about handling wastes (H)My location Employee Safety Reference Handbook
Rules for Collecting Hazardous Waste A waste collection site must be set up in your lab or work area (satellite accumulation point) Separate storage rooms are not permitted (EPAS 2005) Select a chemically-compatible container that matches the volume of hazardous waste you expect to generate Container must have a flat bottom and sealable screw cap lid Containers must be closed at all times when waste additions are not occurring
Darn, I’ve generated hazardous waste, now what should I do? (A)Tiptoe next door and combine it with my neighbor’s hazardous waste (B)Find the nearest empty container and dump it in (C)Put it in an open container under the fume hood (D)Locate Jami Michael and whisper in her ear “‘we’ve got a problem” (E)Dust off my safety reference handbook and read the instructions for handling liquid and solid hazardous waste (F)Seriously consider changing my procedure in the future to utilize a non-hazardous material (G)Add it to the bottle or drum that contains all of my hazardous wastes (H)Establish a temporary collection site and obtain a chemically compatible container
Rules for Labeling Your Hazardous Waste Container Obtain a Hazardous Waste label from your HWMO. Write the Generator Name and Phone Extension in upper right corner Write the Ft. Detrick assigned waste profile number in the upper left corner Complete the Chemical Contents (be specific, no abbreviations) Leave the Accumulation Start Date blank
I found a chemically compatible container for my hazardous waste, now what? (A)Print the word “Wastes” on the container side in big black letters with my favorite Sharpee (B)Put a sign on the wall behind the bench or cabinet where the unlabeled container is stored that is marked “Wastes - Keep Away!” (C)Get the labeling tape out, neatly print the words “Organic Waste”, and slap it on the side (D)Obtain Hazardous Waste labels from Jami Michael and fill in the blanks for accumulation start date and contents
I found a chemically compatible container for my hazardous waste, now what? (E)Deface the original label of a clean chemically compatible container, mark the container with the words “Hazardous Wastes”, list the hazardous components and warnings, and the waste profile number (F)Seal my waste container with Parafilm because I can’t locate a cap anywhere that will fit it (G)Leave the container open, because I will be adding more waste right after lunch
Rules for Collecting Hazardous Waste Total aggregate volume of hazardous waste in your collection area should not exceed six gallons. A dedicated storage area in the cabinets under your fume hood is acceptable, as long as waste is separated by chemical compatibility.
Rules for Collecting Hazardous Waste Do not allow hazardous waste collection containers to accumulate on the fume hood work surface. A hazardous work environment may be created due to restricted air flow or the potential ignition of flammable waste should electrical equipment (hot plates, electrophoresis power supplies, etc.) be utilized in the fume hood.
I’m searching for a temporary collection site for my partially filled gallon bottle of hazardous waste in my work area. I will (A)Put it on the floor and push it way back under the sink where no one will bother it (B)Since I know the waste type, I’ll store it in my fume hood cabinet in my trays of stock solvents, acids, or bases (C)Put it behind my office door until I fill the container (D)Fill the container up with non-hazardous buffer and contact Jami that I’ve got a full container to get rid of (E)Tape a sign on my fume hood sash that reads “Satellite Accumulation Point” and store all my nasties there (F)Segregate my wastes to insure chemical compatibility, provide secondary containment under my containers, and store them separate from my stock chemicals
Procedure for Getting Rid of Your Full or No Longer Used Hazardous Waste Container For each waste that you wish to turn in for pick-up, complete a Hazardous Waste Profile Sheet. These forms can be obtained from our HWMO. If the waste has been generated previously by your lab or another lab, use the assigned waste profile number. List the Material Composition (components, concentration)
Excess Chemicals (Usable) Notify our HWMO when you have excess chemicals to turn in. Provide a typed list as well as a current MSDS for the product. Excess chemicals are to be stored in your lab, offered for reissue for a limited period of time, and then disposed of through the chemical waste program. They are no longer stored in Room 172. The Ft. Detrick HMMO no longer accepts excess chemicals for issue back to other Garrison activities.
Universal Waste Management Guidelines Ft. Detrick manages universal waste streams (batteries, spent lamps) separately from hazardous waste. Turn in all spent batteries (except automotive type lead-acid batteries to Kathy Fronda, our ECO. Lead acid batteries can be turned in to the Ft. Detrick Hazardous Materials Management Office for recycling. Contact the HWMO to arrange for disposal of spent fluorescent lamps in Room 172. Never store spent lamps on top of lab cabinets, on shelves, on end in the corner of a room or propped against equipment.
Solid Waste Management Guidelines What is Integrated Solid Waste Management at Fort Detrick? Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Incineration and compaction of non burnable solid waste at the incinerator plant RCRA Lined Landfill
Solid waste, not regulated for biological, radioactive, toxic, or hazardous constituents is segregated as burnable or in several categories of recyclable waste.
Solid Waste Management Guidelines (perceived medical waste) Items that look like medical waste such as pipettes, gloves, culture plates, and decontaminated biological waste is collected in a perceived medical waste container lined with a red biohazard bag. When full, place in the medical waste dumpster located out back.
Solid Waste Management Guidelines (sharps) Place sharp items that look like medical waste such as syringes, razor blades, scalpel blades, and Pasteur pipettes in a sharps collection box. When the collection box is full, autoclave as needed and deposit box in the perceived medical waste container.
Solid Waste Management Guidelines (broken glass) Never toss broken glass in the office or laboratory trash receptacle. Place broken glass and glassware in the designated broken glass receptacle in your lab. Full broken glass collection containers are placed in the medical waste dumpster out back.
Solid Waste Management Guidelines (empty chemical containers) Place plastic bottles in burnable trash and glass bottles in you lab glass disposal box. Pesticide containers – triple rinse them, puncture container and place in burnable trash. Small gas cylinders that are not refillable are to be marked “EMPTY” and turned into the Recycling Center next to Building 1520.
Refuse Disposal Bin Non-Recyclable Material ONLY
Recyclable Waste Management Mission partner participation in the Ft. Detrick recycling program is mandatory. Building 393 – Recycling Center, DIS Operations 92% of waste is diverted from waste stream and avoids the landfill
The Ft. Detrick QRP captures over 20 types of materials Scrap Metals - aluminum - tin/steel - copper - stainless steel Glass - clear / colored Lead-Acid Batteries Plastic - clear / colored Paper - newspaper - corrugated cardboard - boxes - office / computer - mixed paper Wood Pallets Tires Toner Cartridges
Summary of Disposal Options For Waste Produced by Your Work at FDWSRU Known to be Hazardous – Set up a collection site out of traffic areas in your work area Unsure if Hazardous – Read the MSDS, ask a knowledgeable employee, seek determination and approved disposal method from SEIPO If Universal – Collect at a common site determined by the Location If Perceived Medical or Sharps – Place in appropriate collection container in the lab If Recyclable – Place in appropriate collection container determined by Location or Ft. Detrick If Non-Hazardous Approved Liquid – discharge to drain If Non-Hazardous Solid – place in lab trash or bin
Office Management Practices What can I do? – Use e-mail whenever possible and save them instead of printing – Send mail in reusable envelopes – Reuse file folders and binders – Use old documents for scratch paper – Make double-sided copies – Save packing materials (bubble wrap, peanuts, etc) for future use – Recycle or reuse drink containers
Affirmative Procurement EPA & DoD requirement – applicable to all federal agencies or agencies using federal dollars Procurement function with environmental impact Mandates the purchase of recycled-content products – Applies across the board from contracting to credit card holders – Uses the government’s purchasing power to stimulate the market for recycled materials