2Should all of our area measurements be the same?? What is area?Think of a definitionHow is it measured?Should all of our area measurements be the same??
3the measure of the region enclosed by a plane figure. AreaArea is measured by counting the number of square units that you can arrange to fill the figure completely.Area:the measure of the region enclosed by a plane figure.We may have used different units, which may result in different answers.
4Units of Area 1m=100cm 1m2= ? cm2 Area of 1m2 What is the area in cm2?
5Any side of a rectangle or parallelogram could be called a base. Dimensions of a figureHeightThe length of the side that is perpendicular to the base of a rectangle or the length of the altitude.BaseAny side of a rectangle or parallelogram could be called a base.AltitudeAny segment from one side of a parallelogram perpendicular to a line through the opposite side
6Area Theorems 8.1 Rectangle Area Theorem: The area of a rectangle is given by the formula A=bh, where A is the Area, b is the length of the base, and h is the height of the rectangle.Is area calculated the same way for other parallelograms?Parallelogram Area Theorem:The area of a parallelogram is given by the formula A=bh, where A is the Area, b is the length of the base, and h is the height of the parallelogram.
7What formula does this give us for the area of a triangle? TrianglesWhat formula does this give us for the area of a triangle?
8Area of a triangle?A triangle is half of a parallelogram, therefore its area is given by the formula;Where b is the length of the base, and h is the height of the trianglehb
9What formula does this give us for the area of a trapezoid? TrapezoidsWhat formula does this give us for the area of a trapezoid?
10Area of a trapezoid?A trapezoid is half of a parallelogram, therefore its area is given by the formula;Where b1 and b2 are the lengths of the bases, and h is the height of the trapezoid.b1hb2
11What formula does this give us for the area of a kite? KitesWhat formula does this give us for the area of a kite?
12Area of a kite?A kite is half of a rectangle, therefore its area is given by the formula;Where d1 and d2 are the diagonals of the kite.d2d1
13Group Area ProblemsWork in a group to discuss a method for finding the area of the irregular shapes.Find the area of each using a ruler (if group members get different answers, average them).For each shape, write a sentence or two describing how you decided to measure the areas. Also, explain how accurate you think each measurement is.
14How much surface area, in square feet, must be covered with the cells? HeliosIt takes 65,000 solar cells, each 1.25 in. by 2.75 in., to power the Helios Prototype, pictured here.How much surface area, in square feet, must be covered with the cells?
15Helios pg 435 #3 One cell has an area of (2.75in*1.25in)=3.44in2 65,000 cells have an area of (65,000*3.44in2)= in21552ft2
16PaintingYou get a new job as a painter to make some extra money in the summer. Your boss tells you that you must paint 148 identical rooms. Each room needs a coat of base paint and finish paint. All four walls and the ceiling of each room must be covered. The rooms are 14ft wide by 16ft long by 10ft high.If one gallon of base paint covers an area of 500ft2 and one gallon of finish paint covers 250ft2, how many gallons of each type of paint will you need to buy?
17Painting #2Area of one room the sum of 4 walls (opposing walls are the same size) and the ceiling.148 rooms so total area to be painted is 148 times 824 square feet.121,952 square feet!
18FlowerbedA landscape architect is designing three trapezoidal flowerbeds to wrap around three sides of a hexagonal flagstone patio.What is the area of the entire flowerbed?The landscaper’s fee is $100 plus $5 per square foot. What will the flowerbed cost?20 ft12 ft7 ft
19Flowerbed #1 Each flowerbed has an area of: Therefore, total area is 336ft2336ft2 times $5 equals $1680, so you owe the Architect $1780
208.4 The Area of Regular Polygons Draw 3 circles on a piece of paper using a compass.Use these 3 circles to circumscribe 3 regular polygons so that the center of the polygon is also the center of the circle. You may choose the amount of sides that your polygons will have.Find a way to generalize the formula for the area of a regular polygon.If you are up to the challenge, find two ways!!
21OctagonAs you have seen, All regular polygons can be split into an amount of congruent triangles that equals the amount of sides of the polygon
22OctagonAltitude of triangle is known as the apothem “a” of the polygon(a perpendicular from the center to a side.Side of length “s” is the base of a triangle
23Octagonsbahn is the amount of triangles that have the same area. This is the same as the number of sides!
24What is the perimeter (P) of a regular polygon in terms of n & s ???
25Regular Polygon Area Theorem The area of a regular polygon is given by the formula or , where A is the area, P is the perimeter, a is the apothem, s is the length of a side, and n is the number of sides.
268.5 Areas of CirclesDraw 1 large circle on a piece of paper using a compass.Cut out your circle, fold it in half 4 times, and then unfold it and cut along creases forming 16 pieces.Arrange them into something that resembles a parallelogramWhat would happen if you cut the pieces even smaller?How does this help us with a formula to find the area of a circle?
27Areas of CirclesThe tinier we make our piece of the circle the smoother our parallelogram becomes!CircumferenceRadiusOne half of the original circumference is the base of the parallelogram
308.6 Any Way You Slice It Circle Terms: Sector of a Circle- The region between two radii and an arc of the circle.Segment of a Circle- The region between a chord and an arc of the circle.Annulus- The region between two concentric circles (circles that share the same center).
31See if you can find the area of these sections! Circle Terms:Sector of a Circle- The region between two radii and an arc of the circle.Segment of a Circle- The region between a chord and an arc of the circle.Annulus- The region between two concentric circles (circles that share the same center).
32Amount of circle being used times the area of the whole circle Area of a SectorrAmount of circle being used times the area of the whole circle
38Pick’s Formula for Area Exploration on pagesFigure out Pick’s formula for area estimationUse Pick’s formula to find the area of your hand using graph paper.Help estimate the area of a pi symbolCut out your hand and add it to the class posterDecorate your hand and label it with your name and area
39Pick’s formulaConsider the vertices on your graph papers to be points. Draw these shapes on your paper and confirm that their areas are each 12 blocks.
40Create a table like the one below Create a table like the one below. Complete it for the 4 shapes of equal area that you made.DEFG# of boundary points (b)# of interior points (i)DEFG# of boundary points (b)1481012# of interior points (i)697Study this table for a pattern. Plot the points on a small graph to find equation relating the two.
41Now investigate what happens if you hold the interior points constant. Draw several polygons between you and your partners that have zero interior points. Find the area of those shapes. Fill out another table like the one below. Also , do this for shapes with exactly one interior point.Example area of ½ blocki=0HIJK# of boundary points (b)Area
42When you hold interior points constant, what happens to the area with each boundary point that is added?The area increases by ½ !!!
43Now investigate what happens if you hold the boundary points constant. For example, make different triangles that hit no other points other than corners.b=3LMNO# of interior points (i)AreaWhen you hold boundary points constant, what happens to the area each time one interior point is added?
44When you hold boundary points constant, what happens to the area with each interior point that is added?The area increases by 1 !!!
45Try a few random polygons and see if you can develop a formula for area in terms of boundary points and interior points.Pick’s Formula for Estimating the Area of a Polygon
478.7 Surface Area Surface Area: the sum of all of the areas of the faces or surfaces that enclose the solid.Bases & Lateral Faces:In a prism, the bases are two congruent polygons and the lateral faces are rectangles or other parallelogramsIn a pyramid, the base can be any polygon and the lateral faces are triangles.
48Steps for finding Surface Area Draw and label each face of the solid as if you had cut the solid apart along its edges and laid it flat. Label the dimensions.2) Calculate the area of each face. If some faces are identical, you only need to find the area of one.3) Find the total area of all of the faces.