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Spanish Stem-Changing Verbs e→ie o→ue u→ue Stem-changing verbs give their stems the boot!
Los verbos que cambian e→ie Tener Querer Pensar Empezar Comenzar Perder To have To want To think To begin (start) To lose
Verb endings If a verb ends in –ar, you add: o as a amos an
Verb endings If a verb ends in –er, you add: o es e emos en if a verb ends in –ir, you add: o es e imos en
So, since “querer” ends en “er” (querer), which endings will we add? The “er” endings: o es e emos en
Now, let’s add our stem change. Remember, only the e in the stem can change. quer er perd er If there are two e’s in the stem, the second one always changes. prefer ir empez ar
Querer quer oemos e es en
Querer quierquer quier o emos e es en
The u→ue and o→ue verbs work the same way. Poder Jugar Dormir Soñar Volver Devolver to be able to (can) to play to sleep to dream to return (to a place) to return (a thing)
First, find the o or u in the stem that is going to change P o der Jugar D o rmir S o ñar V o lver Dev o lver
Then, decide which verb endings you will use. For jugar: o as a amos an For poder: o es e emos en
Then change it in the boot juegojugamos juegas juegajuegan
Poder p__dpod p__d o es e emos en ue
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